Page 1, Page 2

 

National Archives catalogue number WO 171/5128.

 

Abbreviation

223485

AA

AARR

A/B

Adm

AF
AGRA

Airldg

Airphs

Amb

Aper

Arty

Aslting

A/Tk

Att

Bde

Bdy

Bldg

Bn

Br

Brit

Bty

Cdn

Cdo

CGP
Comn

CRE

DD

Def

Div

DZ

Elt

Eqpt

Fd

Fmn

Fus

Gd

GOC

Gp

GR

Gren

GSO

How

Inf

Infm

IO

Ldg

LMG

LoC

Lt

LZ

Met

MMG

Mov

MT

NTR

OC

Offr

OO

Op

Org

PGR

Posn

Pt

Pz

RA

RAOC

Rd
RE

Ref

Regt

REME

Res

Rft

Rly

R Sigs

RUR

RV

S

SP

Sqn

Tac

Tp

Trg

Veh

X rds

Map Reference

Anti-Aircraft

Airborne Armoured Reconnaissance Regiment

Airborne

Administration

Air Force
Army Group Royal Artillery

Airlanding

Air photographs

Ambulance
Anti-Personnel

Artillery

Assaulting

Anti-Tank

Attached

Brigade

Boundary

Building

Battalion

Bridge

British

Battery

Canadian

Commando

Commander Glider Pilot

Communication

Commander Royal Engineers

Duplex Drive

Defences

Division / Divisional

Drop Zone

Element

Equipment

Field

Formation

Fusilier

Guard

General Officer Commanding

Group / Glider Pilots (if upper case)

Grenadier Regiment

Grenadier

General Staff Officer

Howitzer

Infantry

Informed

Intelligence Officer

Landing

Light Machine Gun

Line of Communication

Light

Landing Zone

Meteorological

Medium Machine Gun

Movement
Motor Transport

Nothing to Report

Officer Commanding
Officer

Operation Order

Operation

Organise

Panzer Grenadier Regiment

Position

Point

Panzer

Royal Artillery
Royal Army Ordnance Corps

Road
Royal Engineers

Reference

Regiment

Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers

Reserve

Reinforcement

Railway

Royal Signals

Royal Ulster Rifles

Rendezvous

Scottish

Self-Propelled / Support (if lower case)

Squadron

Tactical

Troop

Training

Vehicle

Crossroads

 

 

Month and year : March 1945

Commanding Officer : Col G.J.S. Chatterton,, D.S.O.

 

1st to 4th March 1945

Place: Field

 

NTR.

 

5th March 1945

Intelligence Course for Squadron I.O's - Marks Hall.

 

6th March 1945

Intelligence Course for Squadron I.O's - Marks Hall.  Demonstration for Army Film Unit.  Co-ordinating conference at 6 Airborne Div H.Q.  G.S.O.11 attends.

 

7th March 1945

Intelligence Course for Squadron I.O's - Marks Hall.  Co-ordinating Conference at 38 Gp R.A.F. H.Q.  Exercise "RIFF/RAFF".

 

8th March 1945

Intelligence Course for Squadron I.O's - Marks Hall.  Demonstration for Army/R.A.F. Film Unit.

 

9th March 1945

1700 C.G.P. returns from FRANCE.

 

10th March 1945

Co-ordinating Conference with O.C. 6 Airlanding Bde.  C.G.P. and Maj. K.J.S. Andrews proceed by Air to NETHERAVON.

 

11th March 1945

NTR.

 

12th March 1945

NTR.

 

13th March 1945

C.G.P. - G.2. - G.S.O.111. to H.Q. 6 Airborne Div.  C.G.P. at Co-ordinating Conference H.Q. 6 Airborne Div. - proceeds to H.Q. No.2 Wing, KEEVIL.

 

14th March 1945

C.G.P. attends G.O.C's Conference at 6 Airborne Div. H.Q.

 

15th March 1945

C.G.P. visits Squadrons of 46 Gp. R.A.F.

 

16th March 1945

Intelligence Summary No.1 issued.

 

17th March 1945

C.G.P. at Corps H.Q.  "O.O." No.4 issued.  Adm. Order issued.  (Appx "C").

 

18th March 1945

Conference at H.Q. C.G.P.  Wing Commanders - and all Squadron Commanders attend.

 

19th March 1945

A.O.C's Conference at H.Q. 38 Gp. R.A.F.

 

20th March 1945

NTR.

 

21st March 1945

Op. "VARSITY" - General Briefing of crews begins.

 

22nd March 1945

C.G.P. attends briefing at R.A.F. Stations - GREAT DUNMOW - RIVENHALL - EARLS COLNE - WOODBRIDGE.

 

23rd March 1945

C.G.P. attends briefing at R.A.F. Stations - BIRCH - GOSFIELD - SHEPHERDS GROVE.  New allocation of Squadrons issued Appx.

 

24th March 1945

D. DAY.  Op. "VARSITY".  Take off and landing according to Plan.  Report on Op. will be issued later.

 

25th March 1945

Landings successful.  6 Airborne Div. took all objectives by 1200 hrs D. DAY.

 

26th March 1945

No.1 Wing fighting NORTH of WESEL in area HAMMINKELN.  (Details in "Report on Ops. "VARSITY").  No.2 Wing moving to new location in U.K.

 

27th to 29th March 1945

NTR.

 

30th March 1945

Glider Pilots return from Op. "VARSITY".

 

31st March 1945

NTR.

 

 

Appendix

NOT TO BE TAKEN IN THE AIR ON 'D' DAY

GLIDER PILOT REGIMENT
OPERATION ORDER No.4

 

MAP REF:- 1/25,000 Sheets 2A, 3A, K52.  1/25,000 Sheets R1, Q1.  1/25,000 Sheets 4204, 4205, 4206, 4304, 4305, 4306.

 

INFM

A  MILITARY

        1.  See Appendix 'A'

B  AIR

        2.  Terrain and landing obstructions.  See Appendix 'A' and sub-appendices.

        3.  17 U.S. Airborne Div. is landing simultaneously on the LZ's and DZ's shown on Trace 'B'.  Pilots landing on 6 Brit Airborne Div. LZ's may therefore expect to see landings being made in 17 (Airborne) U.S. Div. area on LZ 'S' and landings will therefore NOT be disrupted in any way.  British landings will be completed by 1100 hours, but those in 17 (A/B) U.S. Div. area will continue until 1242 (See 38 Gp RAF Op Order No.531 Annex. No.4).

 

INTENTION

A  AIR

        4.  The Glider Pilot Regt will land units of the 6 Brit Airborne Div. in area DIERSFORDTER WALD to R. ISSEL.

B  MILITARY

        5.  The Glider Pilot Regt will

                (i) assist the Air landing units of 6 Brit Airborne Div. to seize and hold brs over the R. ISSEL at 223485, 217497 and 216500, and the village of HOMMILKEN 2048.

                (ii) assume responsibility for close defence of Div. HQ and the gun area.

 

METHOD

A  For main air order see 38 Gp RAF Op Order No.531 and Glider Pilot appendices.

        7.  Aircraft will fly in a single stream of loose pairs at 10 second intervals.  Combinations will be stepped up at 200 ft vertical intervals.

        8.  The Coup de Main parties on the brs at 216500, 217497 and 223485 will lead the main stream.  They will land adjacent to the objectives, as required by O's.C. 2 Ox and Bucks and 1 RUR.

        9.  For winds between 91 and 270 landings on all LZs will be made from NORTH to SOUTH - Plan 'A' (See Trace 'C').

        10.  For winds between 270 and 90 landings on LZ's 'O', 'U', 'R', 'P' and 'B' will be made from SOUTH to NORTH - Plan 'B' (See Trace 'D').

        11.  (i) For winds between 0001 and 90 landings on LZ 'A' will be made from WEST to EAST (See Trace 'D').

               (ii) For winds between 271 and 360 landings on LZ 'A' will be made from EAST to WEST (see Trace 'D').

        12.  Landings in tactical formations will be made on all LZ's, directed by O.C. No.1 Wing Glider Pilot Regt, in conjunction with the O's.C. Air landing units (See Trace 'E' and Appendix 'B' (Briefing Note)).  Hamilcar strips are shown in Trace 'E'.

B  MILITARY

        13.   (a) Glider Pilots flying Bde Tps will report to Bde HQ as soon as situation permits.  They will form into normal Flight and Squadron units under command of Lt-Col. Murray, DSO.  This Wing, less Squadrons under HQ 6 Br Airborne Div., will be under command HQ 6 Air Landing Bde.

                (b) Glider Pilots carrying Div Tps will report to Div. HQ as soon as possible after landing.  They will form into normal Flights and Squadrons under command of Major. T.I.J. Toler, DFC, and will assume responsibility for the close defence of Div. HQ and the gun area.

WITHDRAWAL

        14.  To be issued later (Appendix 'C')

RECOGNITION

        15.  Recognition signs between air tps and ground forces will be the display of yellow celanese triangles.  These will be carried by all tps of 6 Br Airborne Div, assaulting tps of 15(S) Div., 1 Cdn Bde and 17 (Airborne) U.S. Div.

        16.  Red Berets will be worn after landing.

POSTPONEMENT

        17.  Notification through normal RAF channels.

ADMINISTRATION

        18.  Issued separately.  See Appendix 'D'.

INTERCOMN

        19.  LOCATION OF HQ

HQ 6 Airborne Div

HQ 3 Para Bde

HQ 5 Para Bde

HQ 6 Airldg Bde

Tac HQ 12 Corps

Main HQ 12 Corps

Rear HQ 12 Corps

Tac HQ XVIII US Corps (Airborne)

Bldgs 189479

Vicinity 1646

195495

204486

Vicinity GRINSDICK 1037

Vicinity 0732

WINKELSCHER BUSCH 0633

In 17 US Div (Airborne) Area.

        20.  For wireless nets see 6 Br Airborne Div O.O. No.7.  Communications between Glider Pilot units will be maintained through normal unit channels.

        21.  SIG TIME  Official time will be BST (Designated by letter 'A').  Time will be checked from BBC Broadcasts (Radiated every hour at the hour on 6195 Kos.).

        22.  PASSWORDS  Common passwords and replies for use by air tps and tps 12 Corps will be issued separately.  Passwords other than above will NOT be used by Glider Pilot units.  17 (Airborne) U.S. Div. will be using passwords to be notified later.

        23.  CODE NAMES  Place code names will be issued later by 12 Corps.

        24.  ACK.

 

Colonel.,

Commander Glider Pilots.

 

Appendix 'B' to G.P. Op Order No.4.

 

BRIEFING NOTES

        1.  The Coup de Main crews taking off from GOSFIELD to land Gliders onto bridges at 216500, 217497 and 223485 are to be carefully selected by O.C. No 1 Wing. G.P.R.  They will be carrying in the main [?] loads, and must make spot landings into small and obstructed areas.  They will head the main stream so that there will be no interference from other Gliders, and the crews will have complete freedom of action as to direction of approach and landing.  The position and sequence of landing will be directed by the OsC. 2 Ox and Bucks and 1 R.U.R.

        2.  The main body is to land in tactical formation on the LZ's.  The positions and sequence of these landings will be decided basically by the Glider Pilot Squadron Commanders in conjunction with the senior Officers of the Army Units whom they are carrying.

        3.  Generally, it is preferable to land infantry loads (in Mark 1 Horsas) around the perimeter of the area, and to bring the vehicle and gun loads (in Mk 11's) into the centre.

        4.  Check points are shown on trace.  Release points will be calculated individually by Squadron Commanders according to met. information at final briefing.

        5.  The area itself carries many distinctive features, and no identification difficulties should be experienced.

        6.  The detailed terrain report shows that in general the area is serrated by many minor ditches and that tracks are generally banked, and lined with telephone posts at roughly 70 yard intervals.  Provided that all crews are warned of their existence, they should not prove major obstacles.

        7.  The Hamilcar runs have all been selected as the best possible areas for these gliders.  Horsa crews must therefore be warned to keep clear of these runs, especially on LZs 'R' and 'P', where no special features identify them.

        8.  On LZ 'A' the gliders must as far as possible finish their landing run alongside the wood on the Southern boundary where the main body of 3 Para Bde will be concentrating.  If landing in EAST WEST direction, or vice versa, crews must be warned therefore to swing off towards the wood.

        9.  On LZ 'B' 5 Para Bde require the majority of their stores in the South Eastern sector.

        10.  On both LZ's there will be parachute tps forming up and moving off.  There may also be injured tps unable to move.  Pilots briefed for those LZ's must therefore be warned to choose the clearest run at the moment of landing, and to expect movement and congestion of the LZ's.  There will also be unit containers on the ground.

        11.  The furthermost parts of the LZ's is only 3,200 yards from the briefed track.  Pilots should measure their own particular tracks, and mark off approach heights over easily recognisable features, such as farms and woods.

        12.  The degree of success of this form of landing, lies entirely in the hands of individual pilots.  Every effort must be made to ensure that crews are all briefed individually as to Check Points, Release Points and individual landing points.

 

Appendix 'E'

GLIDER ALLOTMENT - SUMMARY

 

46 Group RAF

38 Group RAF

Unit Total

Glider Pilot Sqn.

Glider Pilot Sqn.

F

E

A

B

D

G

C

Gosfield

Birch

Rivenhall

Earls Colne

Shep. Grove

Gt. Dunmow

Woodbridge

Matching

Horsa Mk I

Mk II

Horsa Mk I

Mk II

Mk II

Mk II

Mk I

Mk II

Mk I

Mk II

Mk I

Mk II

Mk I

Mk II

Hamilcar

Mk I

Mk II

Ox & Bucks

17

15

18

15

65

R.U.R.

13

15

12

15

7

4

66

HQ A/L Bde

5

10

15

A/L Fd Amb

7

7

Devons

7

14

13

11

9

11

65

3 A/L A/Tk Bty

2

3

2

13

8

28

3 Para Bde

4

8

3

15

5 Para Bde

4

8

3

15

Div HQ 716 ASSU 8 RASC

8

20

12

40

4 A/L A/Tk Bty

1

5

12

8

26

Lt Regt RA

10

23

13

19

1

8

4

78

RA 4.2"

6

6

AARR (Tanks)

8

8

R.E. Load

4

2

6

Spare

Total by Types

30

30

30

30

22

38

17

43

21

39

17

43

-

12

48

9

11

440

Total by Sqns

60

60

60

60

60

60

60

20

15

Total by Groups

120

320

Grand Total

440

 

 

 

OPERATION "VARSITY"

SUMMARY OF AIRCRAFT

 

ANNEXURES - I  ALLOTMENT OF PARA. AIRCRAFT TO STATIONS.

                           II  ALLOTMENT OF GLIDERS TO STATIONS

                           III  FORM "A".

 

FIRST LIFT

PARA AIRCRAFT.

TUG AIRCRAFT

GLIDERS

CREWS

38

46

IX TCC

38

46

IX TCC

Ham

Horsa Mk I

Horsa Mk II

C.G. 4A

British

U.S.

1. 6 Airborne Div

-

-

243

320

120

-

48(a)

146

246

-

440

-

2. 17 Airborne Div

-

-

398

-

-

571

-

-

-

908

-

908

3. TOTAL: First Lift

-

-

541

320

120

571

48

146

246

908

440

908

 

NOTE: (a) Five (5) spare Hamilcar gliders to be available for alternative loads.

 

ALLOTMENT OF PARA. AIRCRAFT TO STATIONS

OPERATION "VARSITY"

 

UNIT

TOTAL AIRCRAFT ALLOTTED

CHIPPING ONGAR

WEATHERSFIELD

BOREHAM

REMARKS

3 Para. Bde.

122

45, 36

41

5 Para. Bde.

121

40

45, 36

TOTAL:

243

81

81

81

 

ALLOTMENT OF GLIDERS TO STATIONS

OPERATION "VARSITY"

 

UNIT

ALLOTMENT

46 GROUP

38 GROUP

Gosfield

Birch

Rivenhall

Dunmow

Matching

Earls Colne

Shepherds Grove

Woodbridge Horsa

Woodbridge Hamilcar

2 Oxf Bucks (c de m)

8 Hor

8

1 R.U.R. (c de m)

7 Hor

7

2 Oxf Bucks

57 Hor

24

33

1 R.U.R.

59 Hor

21

27

11

HQ A/L Bde

15 Hor

15

195 A/L Fd Amb

7 Hor

7

12 Devons

65 Hor

21

24

20

3 Para Bde

15 Hor 3 Ham

15

3

5 Para Bde

17 Hor 3 Ham

17

3

RASC

12 Ham

12

Div HQ

28 Hor

28

2 A/L A/Tk Btys.

38 Hor 16 Ham

21

5

12

16

Lt. Regt RA

70 Hor 4 Ham

9

33

28

4

AARR - 4.2" Mortars

6 Hor

6

AARR - Tanks

8 Ham

8

RE

2 Ham

2

Spare

OPERATION TOTAL

60

60

60

60

20

60

60

12

48

TOTAL

440

120

320

 

FORM A

AIR MOVEMENT TABLE

OPERATION "VARSITY"

 

Ser No.

Airborne Block No.

Airborne Unit (incl designation of serial CO)

RAF Unit

No. of A/C Chalk

Nos. of Gliders

Take-off Airfield

DZ or LZ

A/C and Gliders available for loading

Equipment loading completed by

Chutes issued by (BRITISH) only

A/C and Gliders ready for emplaning

Emplaning completed

Time of take-off

Time of Drop or ldg.

Remarks

B12

27

HQ 6 A/L Bde

38

153-167

13

Earls Colne

R

0800 hrs D-2

1800 hrs D-1

1 hour before take off

15 mins before take off or at Station Commander's discretion

At Station Commander's discretion

10.36

10 Mk II Hor.

28

3 A/Tk Bty RA

"

168-172

5

"

R

"

"

"

"

"

"

3 Mk II Hor.

29

53 Lt Regt RA

"

173-175

3

"

R

"

"

"

"

"

"

3 Mk II Hor.

30

195 Fd Amb

"

176-182

7

"

R

"

"

"

"

"

"

7 Mk II Hor.

B13

31

12 Devons

38

183-206

24

Dunmow

R

"

"

"

"

"

10.30

11 Mk II Hor.

B14

32

12 Devons

38

207-226

20

Matching

R

"

"

"

"

"

10.42

11 Mk II Hor.

B15

33

4 A/L A/Tk Bty

38

227-238

12

Woodbridge

B

"

"

"

"

"

10.45

12 Mk II Hor.

B16

34

3 A/L A/Tk Bty

38

239-244

6

Woodbridge

R

0800 hrs D-7

1200 hrs D-4

"

"

"

10.46

48 Hamilcars landing at 3 per minute (approx).

35

3 A/L A/Tk Bty

"

246-246

2

"

P

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

36

4 A/L A/Tk Bty

"

247-254

8

"

B

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

37

53 Lt Regt RA

"

255-258

4

"

P

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

38

AARR Tanks

"

259-266

8

"

P

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

39

Div HQ

"

267-278

12

"

P

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

40

3 Para Bde

"

279-281

3

"

A

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

41

5 Para Bde

"

282-284

3

"

B

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

42

RE

"

285-286

2

"

P

"

"

"

"

"

11.00

"

 

FORM "A"

OPERATION "VARSITY"

(BRITISH - PARACHUTE)

 

Serial No.

Airborne Block No.

Airborne Unit (inc designation of serial CO)

USTCC Unit

No. of A/C Chalk

Nos. of A/C

Take-off Airfield

DZ or LZ

A/C and Gliders available for loading

Equipment loading completed by

Chutes issued by (BRITISH) only

A/C and Gliders ready for emplaning

Emplaning completed

Time of take-off

Time of Drop or ldg.

Remarks

B1

1

8 Para Bn

61

1-35

35

Chipping Ongar

A

1000 hrs D-1

1800 hrs D-1

0800 hrs D-1

1 hour before take off

15 mins before take off or at Station Commander's discretion

At Station Commander's discretion

10.00

2

3 Bde HQ

"

36-44

9

"

A

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

3

224 Para Fd Amb

"

45

1

"

A

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

B2

4

1 Cdn Para Bn

61

46-80

35

Chipping Ongar

A

"

"

"

"

"

"

10.04

5

224 Para Fd Amb

"

81

1

"

A

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

B3

6

9 Para Bn

316

82-116

35

Wethersfield

A

"

"

"

"

"

"

10.07

7

3 Par Sq RE

"

117-120

4

"

A

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

8

224 Par Fd Amb

"

121-122

2

"

A

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

B4

9

5 Bde HQ

316

123-131

9

Wethersfield

B

"

"

"

"

"

"

10.11

10

13 Para Bn

"

132-162

31

"

B

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

B5

11

13 Par Bn

315

163-165

3

Boreham

B

"

"

"

"

"

"

10.14

12

12 Par Bn

"

166-199

34

"

B

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

13

225 Par Fd Amb

"

200-204

5

"

B

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

14

591 Par Sq RE

"

205-207

3

"

B

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

B6

15

7 Para Bn

315

208-241

34

Boreham

B

"

"

"

"

"

"

10.18

16

591 Par Sq RE

"

242-243

2

"

B

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

 

Appendix 'J' to Glider Pilot O.O. No.4.

CODEWORDS AND PASSWORDS

 

ARMY CODEWORDS

1.  The encode list is divided into secs:-

        (a) Towns and Villages.

        (b) Main Rds.

        (c) Rivers and Canals.

        (d) Rlys.

        (e) Features and Woods.

        (f) Brs.

        (g) Crossings.

2.  A decode list is attached.

3.  This HQ will be infm immediately the Army List is compromised.

 

A.  TOWNS AND VILLAGES.

TOWNS & VILLAGE NAMES

BELLINGHOVEN

BISLICH

BRUNEN
DIERSFORDT

DINGEN

EMMERLICH

FLUREN

HAFFEN

HALDERN
HAMMINKELN

JOCKERN

MEHR

RINGENBERG

VISSEL

WESEL

Map Ref

1350

1342

2748

1744

2253

9760

1842

1149

1153

2048

1444

1248

2249

1345

2240

CODEWORD

PEACH

STARLING

BALDWIN

GRAPE

BLUEBIRD
MEDLAR
STORK

KENT
DURHAM
NORFOLK
CHERRY

PARROT

KESTREL

PENGUIN

PULLTHROUGH

 

B.  MAIN ROADS

ROAD   Map Ref

Autobahn under construction from 3139 - 0736

Road WESEL 2240 - REES 0752

Road WESEL 2240 - HAMMINKELN 2048

Road WESEL 2240 - BRUNEN 2648

Road MEHR 1248 - HAMMINKELN 2048 - BRUNEN 2648

Road BOCHOLT 2260 - RINGENBERG 2249

Road HAMMINKELN 2048 - ISSELBURG 1260

CODEWORD

PITT
PEAR
NOTTINGHAM

MOORHEN
PROCTOR

IDAHO
HAWK

 

C.  RIVERS AND CANALS

R RHINE

R ISSEL

R LIPPE

LIPPE - SEITEN Canal

1840

2444

2438

2237

PRUNE
HALIFAX

SPARROW

DATE

 

D.  RAILWAYS

WESEL 2240 - EMMERICH 9700

WESEL 2240 - BOCHOLT 2260

EAGLE
CANARY

 

E.  FEATURES AND WOODS

DIERSFORDTERWALD

KARTHAUSER GRAV ISLAND

1746

1841

STAPLES

CORNWALL

 

F.  BRIDGES

Road / R ISSEL Bridge

Road / R ISSEL Bridge

Road / R ISSEL Bridge

Road / R ISSEL Bridge

Road / R ISSEL Bridge

Road / R ISSEL Bridge

Road / R ISSEL Bridge

238451

236458

2248

2149

2149

2052

1855

BEAR
HAMMOND

SUNFLOWER

MINNESOTA

LOUISIANA

KENTUCKY

MATHEWS

 

G.  CROSSINGS

Road / Rail

Road / Rail

Road / Rail

MILLINGEN Road / Rail

HALDERN Road / Rail

HAMMINKELN Road / Rail

X rds

2243

1946

1549

0956

1153

2148

1419

TRIANGLE

SKUNK

GOAT

FOXGLOVE
ZEBRA

HORSE
CALIFORNIA

 

DECODE

CODENAME

BALDWIN

BEAR
BLUEBIRD
CALIFORNIA
CANARY

CHERRY
CORNWALL
DATE
DURHAM
EAGLE
FOXGLOVE
GOAT

GRAPE
HALIFAX
HAMMOND
HAWK

HORSE

IDAHO
KENT
KENTUCKY

KESTREL
LOUISIANA
MATHEWS

MEDLAR
MOORHEN
MINNESOTA
NORFOLK
NOTTINGHAM
PARROT
PEAR
PEACH
PENGUIN
PITT
PROCTOR
PRUNE
PULLTHROUGH

STARLING
STAPLES
SPARROW
STORK
SKUNK
SUNFLOWER
TRIANGLE
ZEBRA

NAME

BRUNEN
Road/R ISSEL bridge

DINGDEN

X roads

WESEL 2240 - BOCHOLT 2260

JOCKERN
KARTHAUSER GRAV ISLAND

LIPPE - SEITEN Canal

HALDERN

WESEL 2240 - EMMERICH 9700

MILLINGEN road/rail crossing

Road/rail crossing

DIERSFORDT

R ISSEL

Road/R ISSEL bridge

Road HAMMINKELN 2048 - ISSELBURG 1260

HAMMINKELN road/rail crossing

Road BOCHOLT 2260 - RINGENBERG 2249

HAFFEN

Road/R ISSEL bridge

RINGENBERG

Rail/R ISSEL bridge

Road/R ISSEL bridge

EMMERICH

Road WESEL 2240 - BRUNEN 2648

Road/R ISSEL bridge

HAMMINKELN

Road WESEL 2240 - HAMMINKELN 2048

MEHR

Road WESEL 2240 - REES 0752

BELLINGHOVEN

VISSEL

Autobahn under construction from 3139 - 0763

Road MEHR 1248 - HAMMINKELN 2048 - BRUNEN 2648

R RHINE
WESEL
BISLICH
DIERSFORDTER WALD

R LIPPE

Fluren

Road/rail crossing

Road/R ISSEL bridge

Road/rail crossing

HALDERN road/rail crossing

MAP REF

2748

238451

2253

1449

 

1444

1841

2237

1153

 

0956

1549

1744

2444

236458

 

2148

 

1149

2052

2249

2149

1855

9760

 

2149

2048

 

1248

 

1350

1345

 

 

1840

2240

1342

1746

2438

1842

1946

2248

2243

1153

 

PASSWORDS

4.  The challenge and answer method of passwords will be used for period D-1 to D+3 and passwords will be changed at 1200 hrs daily.  The following passwords will be effective for the periods stated:-

FROM 1200 to 1200 hrs

D-1 to D Day

D Day to D+1

D+1 to D+2

D+2 to D+3

Challenge

LIGHTNING
HITHER

HUNDREDS
PLEASE

Answer

THUNDER
THITHER

THOUSANDS
THANKS

 

 

Appendix "F"

OPERATION "VARSITY"

H.Q. Commander Glider Pilots.

INTELLIGENCE SUMMARY No.1.

 

Ref. Maps: 1/25,000 Sheets: 4204 - 4205 - 4206, 4304 - 4305 - 4306

                  1/100,000 Sheets: PI - QI.

 

PART ONETOPOGRAPHY

PART TWOINFORMATION ABOUT ENEMY

        (1) Enemy Order of Battle.

        (2) Dispositions.

        (3) Reserves.

        (4) Ground Defences.

        (5) A.A. Defences.

        (6) Anti-Airborne Defences.

        (7) Intentions.

        (8) Anticipated Reaction to Air Landings.

PART THREEOWN TROOPS

        (1) Order of Battle of Ground Troops.

        (2) Order of Battle of Airborne Troops.

        (3) Dispositions.

        (4) Outline of Plan.

        (5) Tasks of Ground Troops.

        (6) Tasks of Airborne Troops.

        (7) Timings.

        (8) Air Support.

        (9) Arty Support.

PART FOUR:  WEATHER.

 

TOPOGRAPHY

PART ONE

 

        1.  EAST of the RHINE between WESEL (2240) and REES (0752) the terrain though not quite as dead flat as the area WEST of the MAAS from VENLO to ROERMOND must be described as generally flat agricultural land.  It forms part of the LOWER RHINE Plain and except for small low folds the only relief of any significance is the SCHNEPPENBERG (1646) which from the plain level of 17 metres rises to some 40 metres.  The EASTERN half of the Div area about the village HAMMINKELN is very flat.

        2.  The river ISSEL flowing from SOUTH to NORTH through the EASTERN PART of the Div Perimeter is only a doubtful tank obstacle.  The banks of the ISSEL are built up for long stretches and the river itself is a drain for the countryside through which it flows rather than a river in its own right.  It is not navigable.  Its water width at the present time is about 30 feet and its banks are about 50 feet apart.  The depth of the water is unknown, but in September it appears to dry out to a mere trickle as may be expected from the deviation of its waters whereas now it may be about 5 feet deep.

        3.  To the EAST of the Div sector between HAMMINKELN and RINGENBERG is the proposed AUTOBAHN.  In many places the ground is only marked out to show its alignment.  NORTH of the RUHR industrial region it seems as if the war interrupted its completion and the labour employed on construction of the road has been directed to more important works.

        4.  The area is well wooded especially in the WEST where the forest is known as the DIERSFORDTER WALD.  From airphs this forest appears to be cultivated and the trees are grouped in blocks of various stages of age growth.  The bulk (60%) of this forest is fir; round and outer borders deciduous trees predominate.  Both Poplar and Chestnut are present.  The DIERSFORDTER WALD itself is 3 miles by 1 miles wide.  It is apparently quite dense but though from above the trees appear thick they may well turn out to be growing fairly wide apart at their bases allowing parking room for vehs.  There is probably little or no undergrowth.

        5.  The subsoil is sand or gravel with occasional patches of clay and there is a surface of light earth about 1 foot deep.  Consequently though the area is low lying and liable to flood, water drains off fairly well.  The peak period for flooding of the RHINE is February with occasional floods in late March.  It is rare that flooding occurs after the last days of March.  When the RHINE is in flood, saturation of inland areas may occur through seepage, in which case surface water will be present in patches in depth possibly four to six inches.  When the RHINE is in flood the cellars of the farms bordering the river become waterlogged - but this is not likely to be the case with cellars in the Div area although they will certainly be damp.

        6.  Well wooded though the area is there are none the less many stretches of open farmland, but scattered farmsteads with their accompanying trees prevent the area from being perfect for landing gliders in mass.  The fields are mostly contiguous and without hedges.  There are a few drainage ditches in one area only - that is known as KESSELSDORFER ROTT, NORTHWEST of HAMMINKELN (sq 1949) - otherwise the area is remarkably free from such obstacles.  There may be very shallow trenches along the edges of the ploughed fields, in depth about 18 inches.  50% of the cultivated land crops rye; in winter this crop is replaced by turnips.

        7.  The chief agricultural obstacles may well be the cattle fences surrounding and partitioning the majority of the grass lands.  These fences are three strands of barbed wire the top strand being about 40 inches from the ground, the centre strand about 30 inches and the lowest about 15 inches above ground.

        8.  Apart from trenches gunpits and similar fd defs which are being constructed in the area now that the German Army is behind the RHINE there are no sign of anti airborne landing obstacles.  The Power Line (see def overprints) is the chief artificial obstacle.

        9.  The roads in the area are part of the excellent network focusing on WESEL.  To BOCHOLT (2260) in the NORTH and to REES (0752) north westwards run two first class tree bordered motor roads capable of two way convoy traffic; while EAST to WEST through HAMMINKELN runs a similar road from BRUNEN (2748) to MEHR (1348).  WESEL itself is a considerable rail junction where meet not only the tracks from GELDERN in the WEST but the lower RHINE valley line from EMMERICH (9660), a smaller track from BOCHOLT and an important line from DORSTEN (4750).  Of most importance as enemy rft routes leading to the Div area are those from ISSELBURG (1360) BOCHOLT and BRUNEN.

        10.  Topography traces of possible D.Z. and L.Z. areas have been issued separately to fmns.

        11.  Part Two of this Summary contains: (a) Key to available maps of area.  (b) Scale of Map Distribution.

 

PART TWOINFORMATION ABOUT ENEMY

 

        1.  Enemy Order of Battle.  Owing to the latest developments and withdrawal behind the RHINE it is difficult to state which enemy units are in "VARSITY" area.  From available I. summaries the following units are identified (up to 16th March 1945):

                6 Para Div, 84 Inf Div,180 Inf Div, 8 Para Div, 7 Para Div  ) All above Units fought in the WESEL bridgehead and were last to withdraw behind the RHINE.

                406 Z.B.V. Div, 116 Pz Div, 15 Pz Gren Div, 2 Para Div  ) These Div's crossed the RHINE before the 10th March.

                        All these units belong to the 1st Para Army, responsible for the sector from incl: EMMERICH to the R.LIPPE.

        2.  Dispositions (Ref Def overprints)  At present the following units are in the Varsity AREA from North to South.

UNIT

6 Para Div

84 Inf Div

180 Inf Div

8 Para Div

406 Div

190 Inf Div

7 Para Div

2 Para Div

116 Pz. Div

15 P.G. Div

LOCATION

area HALDERN 180532

area HAFFEN 175495

area DREVENACK 3040

area WESEL 238125

area HEMMINKELN 210483

)

) area Along the RHINE South of WESEL

)

area KRUDENBURG 322394 PEDDENBURG 312418

area MINKE 330390

                There is evidence that replacements are coming fast for all these divisions, especially for parachute Units.  Small bits and pieces of 10 or 11 Parachute divisions have been sent up as replacements or re-inforcements along with large contributions from the Parachute training organisation.  Both 116 P.Z. and 15 P.Z. Gr are out of contact since the 10th Mar and are probably being re-inforced and re-equipped.  On the whole the estimated strength of 1st Para Army after evacuation from WESEL bridgehead - 22000 men.

        3.  Reserves  One unidentified Para Div arrived 3 Mar area OVERIJSSEL HENGELO V.41.  Heavy railway movement in area MUNSTER and from HAMBURG towards WESEL indicates the possibility of new Units arriving from inside GERMANY and DANEMARK.  On the whole the enemy cannot bring any major re-inforcements in the near future.  All the enemy can do is to prepare with his usual skill and energy the defences of the RHINE line, scraping every man and gun.  In the VARSITY area both Panzer Divs should be considered as reserve divisions, and 406 Div at present in area HEMMINKELN is out of the front line on the river.  All other divs are holding other sectors along the RHINE and once the assault begins will be involved in the battle of the crossings.

        4.  Ground Defences (See Def overprints).  Apart from dug in positions shown on the overprints in the last few days quite a considerable number of trenches are appearing in the whole of VARSITY area the enemy is feverishly digging in in anticipation of a Allied crossing and as anti-air bombardment measures.  Enemy arty positions, overlooking the river are generally situated on the WEST side of the DIERSFORDTER WALD.

        5.  A.A. Defences (See Def overprints)  The main concentration of enemy defences is around WESEL.  As far as the 10th of March the following numbers of A.A. guns are estimated to be in VARSITY area.  1:25000 sheet 4205  36 Lt A.A. Guns (HAMMINKELN), sheet 4204  18 Lt A.A. Guns (REES), sheet 4305 127 Lt A.A. Guns (WESEL) 16 Heavy A.A. guns.  These estimates are the maximum which the enemy can use in this area.  More detailed information will be issued later.

        6.  Anti-Airborne Defences  The enemy is using a number of barrage balloons along the river RHINE.  The biggest concentration of these is in area WESEL and should not be a big obstacle.  This barrage will be dealt with by the Tac A.F.  So far no anti-airborne obstacles are in the area of L.Z/DZ and it can be assumed that the enemy will not have enough anything which would make landings difficult.  The alarm system is well organised and the signal will be given as soon as first droppings take place.  Mobile patrols will be sent towards the LZs/DZs as soon as the alarm is given, their task will be to find the landing areas and strength of Airborne forces.

        7.  Enemy INTENTIONS  The enemy will defend the line of the River RHINE by all available means, and will fight stubbornly, during the initial stages of the assault.  After Airborne landings some confusion is to be expected and thus only his mobile reserves will be used.  The arrival of both 116 Pz, and 15 PG Divs from the area of their present locations, (if they remain there up to D-Day) may be expected almost simultaneously with the landings.  The most likely candidate is 116 Pz.  From the area DREVENACK.

        8.  Anticipated reaction to Air Landings  Detailed study will be issued later.

 

PART THREEOWN TROOPS

 

        1.  Order of Battle of Ground Troops

                (a) Second British Army

                        12 Br Corps, 15 (S) Div., 1 Commando Bde.

                        30 Br Corps.

                (b) Ninth U.S. Army

        2.  Order of Battle Airborne Troops

                XVIII U.S. Corps (Airborne)

                        (a) 6 British Airborne Div.

                        (b) 17 U.S. Div (Airborne)

                        (c) Additional Troops.  The following Units are coming under command 6 Air/Div, after link up with ground forces in the following priority.  One Squadron 44 R. TKS (Less 17 Pdr Tks) equipped with D.D. Tks.  One SP A Tk Bty (twelve SP M10 [?]/Pdrs).  One Fd Regt RA. (Approx: D+1).

                AIRBORNE  Main Div HQ, Det Rear Div HQ, HQ 3 Para Bde, 8 Para Bn, 9 Para Bn, 1 Cdn Para Bn, HQ 5 Para Bde, 7 Para Bn, 12 Para Bn, 13 Para Bn, HQ 6 Airldg Bde, 12 DEVON, 2 Oxf Bucks, 1 RUR, Dets 22 Indep Para Coy.  Armd  Two Tk Tps 6 Airborne Armd Recce, 4.2" mortar Tp Airborne armd Regt.  Arty  HQ RA, 53 (WY) Airldg Lt Regt RA, 3 Airldg A Tk Bty RA, 4 Airldg A Tk Bty RA, Dets 2 FOU.  Engrs  HQ RE, One Tp 3 Para Sqn RE, Two Tps 591 Para Sqn RE.  Sigs  6 Airborne Div Sigs.  ST  Two Plns 716 Com Coy (Air Lt) RASC.  Med  224 Para Fd Amb, 225 Para Fd Amb, 195 Airldg Fd Amb.  Pro  Det 6 Airborne Div Pro Coy.  Int  Dets 317 FS Sec.  AAC  Sqns Glider P Regt.

                LANDING ELT  Det Main Div HQ, Rear Div HQ, 22 Indep Para Coy.  Armd  6 Airborne Armd Recce Regt (less two tp Tps and 4.2" mortar tp).  Arty  2 Airldg A Tk Regt (less two Btys).  Engrs  3 Para Sqn RE (Less one Tp), 591 Para Sqn RE (Less two Tps), 249 Fd Coy (Airborne), 286 Fd Pk Coy (Airborne).  Sigs  Dets 6 Airborne Div Sigs.  ST  HQ RASC, 398 Comp Coy (Airborne Hy) RASC, 63 Comp Coy (Airborne Hy) RASC, 716 Comp Coy (Airborne Lt) RASC (less two pls).  Med  Det 224 Para Fd Amb, Det 225 Para Fd Amb, Det 195 Airldg Fd Amb.  Ord  HQ RAOC, 6 Airborne Div Ord Fd Pk.  REME  HQ REME, 6 Airborne Div Wksps.  Pro  6 Airborne Div Pro Coy.  Postal  Div Postal Unit.  Int  317 FS Sec.

        (3) (4) (5) (6) Dispositions - outline of Plan - Tasks (Extracts from 6 Div O.O. No.7.

                Additional Troops

                        52 (L) Div Arty consisting of:-  Three Fd Regts, Two med regts, one HAA Bty.

                        (c) The following are in sp XVIII US CORPS (Airborne) from P Hr:- 8 AGRA consisting of:- one med regt, one hy regt, US 155mm gun (36 x 155mm).

 

INTENTION

        4.  6 Airborne Div will seize, clear and hold the SCHNEPPENBERG feature 1646 and the village of HAMMINKELN 2048 together with brs over R ISSEL at 223485, 217497 and 216500.

 

METHOD

        5.  Gen outline

                (a) RIGHT - 6 Airldg Bde Gp.  CENTRE - 5 Para Bde Gp.  LEFT - 3 Para Bde Gp.

        6.  Grouping

                (a) 3 Para Bde - Comd: Brig SJL HILL, DSO, MC.  Under comd - One 6-pdr tp 3 Airldg A Tk Bty RA, One tp 3 Para Sqn RE, 224 Para Fd Amb.  In sp - Three fd Regts - 52 (L) Div Arty gp.

                (b) 5 Para Bde - Comd: Brig JHN POETT, DSO.  Under comd - 4 Airldg A Tk Bty RA (8 x 17 pdr, 8 x 6 pdr), One tp 591 Para Fd Sqn, 225 Para Fd Amb.  In sp - One med regt RA - 52 (L) Div Arty gp, One bty (12 x 75mm) 53 (WY) Airldg Lt Regt RA.

                (c) 6 Airldg Bde Gp - Comd: Brig RH BELLAMY, DSO.  Under Comd - 3 Airldg A Tk Bty RA (less two 6-pdr tps and one 17-pdr sec - total in sp - 6 x 17-pdr).  Det 591 Para Sqn RE, 195 Airldg Fd Amb.  In sp - one med regt RA - 52 (L) Div Arty gp, one bty (12 x 75mm) 53 (WY) Airldg Lt Regt RA.

                (d) Div Res - Two lt tk tps 6 Airborne Armd Recce Regt, Two Para pls 716 Comp Coy (Airborne Lt) RASC, One tp 6-pdr 3 Airldg A Tk Bty RA, One Sec 17-pdr 3 Airldg A Tk Bty RA.  After link up of land Elt: 6 Airldg A Tk Bty RA, one sqn 44 R Tks (less 17 pdr tks), One SP A tk Bty.

                (e) For further details see Order of Battle (Appx 'A').

        8.  Landing Areas and Timings

                (a) LZ and DZs - see Trace R.

                (b) Para and Glider ldgs will start simultaneously, order of ldg is as follows:-

 

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

(vi)

(vii)

Para

3 Para Bde

 

5 Para Bde

Glider

 

6 Airldg Bde

 

Div HQ

RA Gp

Para Bdes, Glider Elt.

Hamilcar loads.

For detailed timings see Appendix B.

        9.  Tasks

                (a) 3 Para Bde will - (i) Clear and hold the area rd junc 154476 - rd junc 168473 - rd junc 168462 - feature 157461 - rd junc 158465 - br 154470.  (ii) Patrol out to and be prepared to hold area - rd and rly crossing 185476 - rd and rly crossing 189474 - rd and track junc 182467 - cross rds 179473.

                (b) 5 Para Bde Gp will - (i) Clear and hold the area rd junc 197499 - rd junc 197496 - rd junc 201492 - Bldgs at 187493 - rd junc 187497.  (ii) Patrol out to and be prepared to hold area rd junc 169493 - bldgs 177488 - rd and rly crossing 174486 - bldgs 170486 - rd junc 167490.

                (c) 6 Airldg Bde Gp will seize and hold the following areas in order of priority:- (i) Brs over R ISSEL at - rly br 216500 - rd br 217497 - rd br 223495.  (ii) To clear the area required for Div HQ vicinity 189479.  (iii) Rd junc 212495 - rd and rly crossing 217486.  (iv) HAMMINKELN 2048.

        10.  Bdy and Junc Pts.

                (b) Bdys

                        (i) Between 6 Brit Airborne Div and 17 US div (Airb) - incl to 6 Brit Airborne Div - BRUNEN 2748 - x rds 253482 - rd to junc 229481 - rly crossing 219477 - excl bldgs 207473 - rly crossing 196468 - track junc 182465 - incl x rds 169469 - excl rd and bldgs 155458 - thence line of water ditch to br 144447.

                        (ii) Between 5 Para Bde and 6 Airldg Bde - Incl to Para Bde - track junc 214535 - dyke junc 213527 - bend in R ISSEL 213522 - excl br 213514 - excl br 209507 - incl [?] 207506 - incl of rd to rd junc 201486 - incl rd to junc 191481 - rd junc 188482 - br over rly 183478.

                        (iii) Between 5 Para Bde and 3 Para Bde - Incl to 3 Para Bde - junc of LANGE RENNE and BISLICHER LEY at 138478 - line of LEY to 154477 - excl edge of wood to rd junc 167476 - excl rd to cross tracks 173481 - br over rly 177483 - excl rly to 183478.

                        (iv) Between 3 Para Bde and 6 Airldg Bde - Incl to 3 Para Bde - br over rly 183478 - line of rly to 196468.

                (c) Junc Pts

                        (i) Between 6 Airldg Bde and 513 RCT - br over rly at 219476.  (ii) Between Div Res and 513 RCT - br over rly 196468.  (iii) Between 6 Airldg Bde and 3 Para Bde - x rds 207502 and x rds 203491.  (iv) Between 5 Para Bde and 3 Para Bde - rd junc 167476 and x rds 172481.  (v) Between 3 Para Bde and 513 RCT - x rds 159458 and x rds 169462.  (vi) Between 3 Para Bde and Div Def pl - br over rly 186476.  vii) Between 3 Para Bde and 15 (S) Div - corner of wood 155477.  (viii) Between 3 Para Bde, 17 US Div (Airborne) and 15 (S) - track junc 155454.

        11.  Patrolling

                (a) Bdes will carry out active patrolling within their bdys to maint cont with the enemy and harass mov of res.  (b) If situation permits patrolling will be carried out to bdy shown on att Trace P.

        15.  RE

                (a) CRE will coord the laying of A tk mind fds as soon as possible after ldg.  (b) CRE will be prepared to lay A tk mines to block approaches to the forest from NORTH and EAST on gen line shown on att Trace P.

        16.  Demolitions

                (a) Brs over R ISSEL will be prepared for demolition.  They will NOT be blown unless their capture by the enemy appears certain.  Comd 6 Airldg Bde is responsible for giving the order to blow the brs which responsibility may be delegated to an Offr on the site.

        17.  Mines

                (a) Particular care in laying mines will be taken as another div is likely to take over 6 Airborne Div area at a later stage.  (b) Aper minefds will NOT be laid.  (c) Only necklaces of mines will be used for blocking rds and tracks.  (d) 75 Grenade necklaces will only be placed in posn when the approach of enemy vehicles appears imminent.  They will NOT be left down without a gd.  (e) Minefds will be laid primarily to deny the enemy egress from rds.  (f) All minefds will be fenced and marked in the usual manner and their posn reported to Div HQ as soon as laid.  (g) Gaps cleared in enemy minefds will be marked in the normal manner.

        18.  Glider P's

                (a) Glider Ps flying Bde will report to Bde HQ as soon as the situation permits.  They will be formed into sub-units under their own offrs and given a role which, except in an emergency, does NOT involve anything more than static def.  (b) All other Glider Ps will report to Div HQ as soon as possible after ldg.  The senior offr will org them into sub-units and assume responsibility for the close def of Div HQ and the gun area.

        19.  Recognition

                (a) Recognition sign between airtps and ground forces will be the displaying of yellow celanese triangles.  These will be carried by all tps of 6 Brit Airborne Div, aslting tps of 15 (S) Div, 1 Cdo Bde and 17 US Div (Airborne).  (b) Red berets may be worn after the initial drop as an aid to recognition.  (c) Ground to air - fluorescent panels.

        20.  Pyrotechnics

                (a) Lt sigs may be used during the aslt phase to indicate unit RVs etc.  (b) Time, Area and colours to be used will be notified by this HQ forthwith.  (c) Lt Sigs other than above will NOT be used.

        21.  Postponement

                In the event of postponement when tps are on airfds infm will be passed through RAF channels and NOT through normal chain of command.

 

INTERCOMN.

        23.  Location of HQ

HQ 6 Airborne Div

HQ 3 Para Bde

HQ 5 Para Bde

HQ 6 Airldg Bde

Tac HQ 12 Corps

Main HQ 12 Corps

Rear HQ 12 Corps

Tac HQ XVIII US Corps (Airborne)

- Bldgs 189479

- Vicinity 1346

- 195495

- 204486

- Vicinity GRINSDICK 1037

- Vicinity 0732

- WINKELSCHER BUSCH 0633

- in 17 US Div (Airb) Area.

                (o) Other than the cutting of enemy cables, NO destruction of enemy comns eqpt will be carried out without reference to a R Sigs Offr who will ensure that it is carried out in a scientific manner, as ordered through Sig channels.  Common passwords and replies for use by airtps and tps 12 Corps will be issued separately.  Passwords other than above will NOT be used by fmns and Units of this Div.  17 US Div (Airborne) will be using passwords.  These will be notified later and must be known to all concerned.

        34.  Code Names

                A list of place code names is being issued later by 12 Corps.

 

(Signed) Lt-Colonel

GS, 6 Airborne Div.

 

        7.  Timings

                Official time will be BST (designated by letter A).  Time will be checked from BBC broadcasts.  Time sigs are radiated every hour at the hr on 6195 KCS.  (a) H Hour is the time for the assault of 12 Corps.  (b) P Hour is the time XVIII US Corps commences dropping on the DZs/LZs.

        8.  Air Support  (See 38 Gp RAF O.O. No.   )

        9.  Arty Support  (See extract from 6 Air Div)

 

PART FOUR   WEATHER

 

        1.  The data in this summary is based on the "General Climatic Information Guide" prepared by Weather Information Branch of the AAF and is based on 6 to 88 years of observations.  The shortest records are those for visibility, coilings and winds.

        2.  In general the climate of the VARSITY area closely resembles that of England.  It belongs essentially to the regions of oceanic climate, characterised by unpredictable weather, a cold summer and a warm winter with rainfalls at all periods of the year.

        3.  Mean temperatures in the area vary from 35 degrees F in Jan to 65 degrees in July, but are usually close to freezing point from Dec to the end of Feb.  There are on average 11-15 days a month with minimum temperatures below freezing point from the beginning of Dec to the end of March.

        4.  Average rainfall amounts to 29 inches a year.  Monthly averages run from 3.5 inches in Jul, to 1.9 inches in Feb.  The number of days with precipitation varies from a mean minimum of 13 to 14 days in May and June to a mean maximum of 20 days from Nov to Feb.  Precipitation spells of only 1 to 2 days duration occur most frequently in late spring and during the summer months; Rains of a week's duration or longer occur most often from Oct to Dec.  Snowfall occurs on about 4 to 5 days a month on an average from Dec to the end of Mar, while a maximum of 17 days with snow has occurred in Jan.  Snow has fallen as late as 30 Apr, but 30 Mar is the average date for the last snow in Spring.  Snow cover normally lasts only a few days from Dec to the end of Mar.

        5.  Cloudiness is great at all seasons.  From Nov to the end of Feb 12 to 16 days a month have cloudy days (mean sky cover more than eight-tenths).  Even the least cloudy period, May to Sep, normally has 6 to 9 cloudy days.  Clear days (mean sky cover less than two-tenths) are rare, occurring on 2 to 4 days in all months, with the greater incidence from Feb to the end of Mar and May to the end of June.

        6.  Fog is reported for all months, reaching its greatest incidence of 7 days in Nov, being slightly less for the other winter months.  The summer months, Jun to Aug, have the least fog, with Aug having the least fog of any month (1 day).  From May to Aug fogs and visibility less than 1 miles occur on only 4 to 6 days a month.  From Jun to Aug visibility greater than 6 miles occur on 20 to 23 days a month.

        7.  Gales (greater than 32 mph) occur in 2 to 3 percent of the observations from Oct to the end of March.  Calms (wind velocity less than 1 mph) are rare (varying from 2 to 5 percent of observations throughout the year), occurring most frequently in May and Aug.  Winds from SOUTH, SOUTH WEST and WEST are most frequent throughout the year, with winds from the SE being most infrequent.

 

[Signed] Capt., G.S.O. 111 (Int).

H.Q. Glider Pilot Regiment.

Marks Hall

16 Mar 45

 

 

Appx F

INTELLIGENCE SUMMARY No.2.

 

Reference Maps GSGS. 4414.  1:25,000 Sheets 4204-4205-4206-4304, 4305-4306

                          GSGS. 4416.  1:100,000 Sheets P.1.  Q.1.

 

1.  GENERAL.

        It is difficult to locate the exact positions of enemy troops on the RHINE and beyond it, but information is coming in and before D-Day the picture should be fairly complete.  A number of enemy units have changed their locations recently and further moves have to be expected within the next few days.  At present it appears that 84, 130 and 7 Para Divs are re-organising in the general area COESFELD 6072 presumably under LXXXVI Corps.  6 Para Div has moved NORTH WEST of WESEL and may be linked with 8 Para Div under II Para Corps.  The mobile reserves are 116 Pz. and 15 P.Gr. Divs. (detailed information in Para RESERVES below.)  The armour salved by the enemy from the WESEL bridgehead battle did not exceed more than 25-30 tanks.  By this time however they should have been reinforced and re-equipped.  Breakdown of rail transport and difficulties of road transport through lack of petrol will make re-equipment to full strength difficult.  It should not be forgotten however that the bulk of the enemy units crossed the RHINE ten days ago (between 9-12 March) and between this time and D-Day the enemy will have had three full weeks to reorganise.  Air photos taken on the 14th March show remarkably little work during the past fortnight.  This cover does not however include the area EAST of the R. ISSEL where arty positions must be expected.

 

2.  ENEMY ORDER of BATTLE and LOCATIONS.

 

II Para Corps.

 

[?] Corps.

 

LXXXVI Corps.

Units.

( 6 Para Div.

( 8 Para Div.

( 180 Inf Div.

( 84 Inf Div.

( 15 P.G. Div.

( 116 Pz. Div.

Locations.

R. RHINE from REES 0752 to BISLICH 1443.

 

R. RHINE from BISLICH 1443 to include WESEL and to OSSENBURG 1930.

    Elts at BISLICH, bulk in area COESFELD 6072.

At present in area HINXE 330385.  Elts moved recently to area ISSELBURG 1260.

In general area HEMMILKEN 2149 - BRUNEN 2748 - PEDDENBERG 2142.

    One Bn at HEMMILKEN on the 17th March.  146 Pz arty on the road from

    HEMMILKEN to BRUNEN on the 16th March.

 

3.  ENEMY DEFENCES

        In the area of LZs round HEMMILKEN there are indications of digging in and some defences have to be expected.  Houses will be fortified and already some signs of this are apparent on the road from RINGENBERG to HEMMINKEN at 219498.

 

4.  ENEMY INTENTIONS

        The enemy will definitely try to fight on the line of the RHINE and in case of successful crossing by Allied troops, will rush his mobile reserves to contain the bridgehead, these however may be directed against Airborne Troops.  The Allied attack during the night will cause alarm and mobile reserves will be ready to move to the most threatened area.  Their movement will be restricted by the activity of the RAF and own Artillery.  Their presence however in the vicinity of the front line must be expected and they will be ready for action at dawn D-Day.  In case of being forced to fall back under Allied pressure they will fight a delaying action probably in the area NORTH of WESEL, and enemy troops including tanks have to be expected on the LZs or in the DIERSFORDTER WALD.  This heavily wooded high ground overlooking the flat EASTERN BANK of the RHINE will have probably the first line of organised enemy resistance after a successful crossing of the river by 15 Div.

 

ENEMY RESERVES

        Troops in the vicinity of the battle area.

                406 Div  Elements of this Div are believed to be in area of HAMMILKEN and EAST of it.  This Div however is under strength and of very low category and will not be available for a counter-attack role.  Its units may occupy localities as static defence.

                116 Pz Div  At present in area HEMMILKEN - DREVENACK 3141 - BRUNEN 2749.  This Div is the only immediately available mobile reserve and these are the possible ways of its employment it may be kept in reserve at its present location in state of readiness for a counter-attack role against the bridgehead and will move when the enemy will realise where the main Allied effort is directed to wipe out any attempts of crossing at its early stages.  More likely it will be kept until such a time, when enemy troops, will have to fall back under Allied pressure and will be used to support and cover the withdrawal.  The last course - it may be rushed NORTH-WEST towards EMMERICH to support the thinly held sector attacked by 1st Canadian Army or counter-attack towards WESEL to stem the advance of 1st Commando Bde.  In all cases the presence of the elements of this Div must be expected in the vicinity of the LZs.  One Battalion is believed to be in HEMMILKEN.  146 Pz Artillery Regt in area EAST of R. ISSEL, NORTH of BRUNEN 2749.

                15 Pz Gren Div  As present located in area HINXE 3339 but there are indications of elements being at IJSSELBURG 1260 and it is probable that the bulk of this Div is moving N.W. to be used as mobile reserve in anticipation of Allied attack across the RHINE between ARNHEM and EMMERICH.

                Other Reserves - The probable arrival from HAMBURG - BREMEN to the LOWER RHINE sector, is 199 Inf Bde from NORWAY - reported being ferried to DENMARK between 6-10 March.  Its movements is not identified but owing to the difficulties of 1st Para Army after the WESEL bridgehead battle, it may be directed in support of this sector.  A movement of trains indicate arrivals to this area and it seems that 199 Inf Div is the only battle worthy candidate.  Apart from this Div - the enemy may have some units of GAF, Marines and Hitler Jugend whose role would be mainly the guarding of LoC's.

 

Anticipated Reaction to Airborne Landings

        At dawn on D-Day the enemy should realise that the assault is made in strength all along the sector from EMMERICH to the SOUTH of WESEL and may be expected to use all available troops to contain the bridgehead.  His troops will fight stubbornly and by this time his mobile reserves may be engaged in the battle.  The Airborne Landings should be a surprise to him and will have a strong effect on the morale of his troops in the battle area.  His troops however were warned long ago and several times, against the possibility of Allied Airborne Operations and the alarm system was practiced.  The main basis of anti-airborne action is speed.  The enemy realises that the critical moment is landing and the short time after landing (unloading) and he will try to prevent the concentration of Airborne Troops and unloading, by small arms fire and probably by artillery fire from the high ground EAST of the ISSEL.  The resistance however should be quickly overcome.  The efficiency of enemy artillery from the EASTERN bank of the ISSEL will entirely depend on the effects of the Allied air annihilation at dawn D-Day and we may hope that his resistance and shelling will be dis-organised and sporadic.

 

FLAK DEFENCES

        The flak will be dealt with by our own Artillery, fighter bombers and fighters before landing and its efficiency should be considerably reduced if not annihilated.  The mobile flak however may not be effected and this may cause losses.  The immediate danger will come from small arms fire, as it may be anticipated that every single rifle M.G. and gun in the vicinity of LZs/DZs will be used against dropping parachutists and landing gliders.

 

Stop Press Information

        1.  A prisoner captured from an enemy patrol which crossed the RHINE in the area A0254 early on the morning 15th March has supplied a valuable clue about the present location of one of the missing Para Divs.  He came from 2nd Coy 16 Para Regt in 6 Para Div, and he gave his Coys location as A0354.  The suggestion is that this regt stretches as far upstream along the RHINE as including REES (A0753) and that 2 Coy is on the right of the Regt in contact with 18 Para Regt.  With 17, the 3rd Regt of the Div, in Reserve such a layout would be orthodox to a degree not met in the German Army for many months.  It is not however unlikely.

        2.  According to a civilian who crossed the RHINE, the area round DIERSFORDT A1744 is thinly held by Para troops (presumably 8 Para Div) and the wood has been closed to civilians.  The same source mentioned mountain troops at BISLICH (1342) but they are said to be only in Coy strength and are not to be taken as forerunners of a new formation.

        3.  Further to the NORTH, 346 Div may now be accepted as the left-hand Div of 25th Army, holding a sector from EMMERICH at least as far as ELST B77 where 857 Gren Regt has been identified.

        4.  Apart from these formations there is still no direct evidence to show exactly which Divs are manning the RHINE NORTH of DUSSELDORF.  The identification of "Regt HAMBURG" opposite DINSLAKEN has added nothing to our knowledge as regards formations, but the prisoner's statement that his unit (which is still being formed) relieved Para Troops in the DINSLAKEN area may turn out to be important.

        5.  Finally the whereabouts of 3 Pz Gren Div are suspect.  Last located SOUTH of COLOGNE this Div must be considered a candidate for inclusion with XLVII Pz Corps to give weight to the enemy reserve, a requirement made necessary by the condition of 116 Pz Div.  A likely area in which 3 Pz Gren Div might harbour would be in the triangle BORKEN (A36) - HEIDEN (A45) - VELEN (A46).  If in fact it is there already the enemy might consider moving 116 Pz Div out altogether to give it a real chance to recuperate.

 

6 PARA DIV.

 

1.  HISTORY.

        6 Para Div was holding a sector of the MAAS WEST of NIJMEGEN until the opening of the REICHSWALD offensive when it was brought piecemeal into the battle.  It suffered heavy losses on the way back to the RHINE and was finally identified in the NORTHERN part of the WESEL bridgehead.  There have been unconfirmed reports of its return to HOLLAND to refit, its place being possibly taken by 331 Div.

 

2.  ORDER OF BATTLE (as known)

        16 Para Regt  1 Bn,  11 Bn,  111 Bn

        17 Para Regt  1 Bn,  11 Bn,  111 Bn

        18 Para Regt  1 Bn,  11 Bn,  111 Bn

        Arty  6 Para Regt Arty, 6 Para A tk Bn

 

3.  STRENGTH

        6 Para Div was committed piecemeal to the REICHSWALD battle and suffered crippling losses there.  It was engaged continuously all the way back to the RHINE and some estimate of its present strength can be obtained from a prisoners statement on 8 Mar that 1 and 111 Bns 17 Para Regt were amalgamated and fighting with a total strength of 250 all ranks.

 

4.  PERSONALITIES

Commander  Major General PLOCHER (old information), Adjutant  Hauptmann TRAPPE, Ia  Major BUCKPESCH,  IO Hauptmann GESCHWINDER.

        16 Para Rifle Regt  111 Battalion Hauptmann LULY

        17 Para Rifle Regt  17 Para Repl Unit Hauptmann BITTMANN

        6 Para Arty Regt  111 Battalion Hauptmann RUDOLF

        6 Para A tk Bn  111 Battalion Hauptmann KORTZ

 

8 PARA DIV.

 

1.  HISTORY.

        On 19 Feb 45 8 Para Div staff took over control of the three regiments MULLER, HUBNER and HERMANN from 606 Div staff.  Two of the regiments were renumbered 22 and 24 Para Regts and the third became Para Lehr Regiment KRAHL.  Apart from the change of the Div staff for the losses suffered in its withdrawal across the RHINE the div remains essentially the same as that which faced us opposite ROERMOND.  The Div fought a rearguard action in the WESEL bridgehead and probably withdrew EAST of the river on the 8 or 9 Mar.

 

2.  ORDER OF BATTLE

        22 Para Regt (formerly MULLER)  1 Bn (LORENZ),  11 Bn (WOLFF),  111 Bn

        24 Para Regt (formerly HUBNER)  1 Bn (MATTHEAS),  11 Bn (ZANDER),  111 Bn (MULLER)

        Para Regt Lehr KRAHL  (formerly HERMANN)  1 Bn (FISCHER),  11 Bn (GRAFINS),  111 Bn - No evidence of existence.

        Arty  Para Regt Arty 12 (only one bty identified), A tk Stuermer

        Misc  II/21 Para Engr Regt, 41 Fortress MG Bn, Engr Training Bn 26  ) Probably only attached for holding role on R MAAS.

 

3.  STRENGTH

        The Div is formed of mixed GAF and para elements.  When holding its positions opposite ROERMOND it was believed to be fairly well up to strength, but its losses in the past few weeks must have been considerable.  It is doubtful whether it can at the moment muster more than the equivalent of one battalion of inf per regt.  Little has ever been known of its arty but from the layout opposite ROERMOND it seems to have had the support of Corps arty which may well have been removed.

 

4.  PERSONALITIES

        22 Para Regt  Commander Oberstleutnant SCHELMANN.  Commander I Battalion Hauptmann HEINRICH, Commander 1 Company Oberleutnant VULKER, Platoon Commander in 1 Company Oberleutnant SCHEIDT.  Commander II Battalion Hauptmann WOLF.  Commander III Battalion Hauptmann MULLER (no connection with regimental commander), Adjutant III Battalion Leutnant MARTENS, Orderly Officer III Battalion Leutnant HERWIG, Commander 10 Company Hauptmann WOEHL, Commander 11 Company Oberleutnant von BEHAGEL.

        24 Para Regt  Commander Oberstleutnant HUBNER.  Commander I Battalion Major MATTHIAS, Commander 1 Company Leutnant MULLER, Commander 2 Company Leutnant RICKEN, Commander 3 Company Leutnant SALOMAN, Commander 4 Company Leutnant BAIER.  Commander II Battalion Hauptmann WELLEN, Commander 5 Company Leutnant RIEF, Commander 6 Company Oberleutnant STRUBEL, Commander 7 Company Leutnant RUDER, Commander 8 Company Leutnant SCHMIDT (?).  Commander III Battalion Hauptmann FISCHER, Adjutant III Battalion Leutnant STREUFF (?), Commander 14 Company Oberleutnant LETTNER.

        Para Lehr Regt KRAHL  Commander Oberstleutnant HERMANN.  Commander I Battalion Hauptmann FISCHER, Commander 1 Company Oberfeldwebel LUDWIG (?), Commander 2 Company Oberfeldwebel MEISSNER, Commander 3 Company Oberleutnant JOHANNSEN, Commander 4 Company Oberleutnant or Oberfeldwebel BEUSE.  Commander II Battalion Hauptmann GRAEFING.  Other Officers Hauptmann ZIEGELER (?).

 

180 INF DIV.

 

1.  HISTORY

        Originally this Div was a collection of miscellaneous Training, March and GAF Bns controlled by 180 Div staff from Wehrkreis X.  During Dec and Jan however, the Regts were renumbered and an arty regt was formed.  It was at this time holding a sector NORTH of VENLO, along the MAAS river, where it demonstrated considerable fighting spirit in a sally across the river at WANSUM.  It took part in the fight back to the RHINE SOUTH of WESEL and suffered a considerable degree of disintegration in the process.  A prisoner taken 7 Mar stated that 180 Div was at the time under control of 190 Div and that when it crossed the RHINE it was due to assemble in the area DINSLAKEN A3029.  Elements of 1222 GR certainly recrossed the RHINE opposite WESEL on 12 Mar in order to destroy abandoned vehicles.

 

2.  ORDER OF BATTLE

        1221 GR (formerly BREHMER)  I Bn (formerly I/Regt BREHMER)  II Bn (formerly III/Regt BREHMER)

        1222 GR (formerly 22 Trg Regt)  I Bn (formerly 16 and 189 Trg Bns)  II Bn (formerly 437 and 412 March Bns)

        1223 GR (formerly 269 Trg Regt)  I Bn (formerly 47 and 65 Trg Bns)  II Bn (II/Regt BREHMER)

        180 Fus Bn (formerly 100 Cav Trg Bn)

        Arty  880 Arty Regt (formerly 22 Arty Trg Regt), I Bn, II Bn, III Bn, IV Bn, I Werfer Regt (Not identified since Dec), 50 A tk unit, 362 Flak Bn, 12800 Flak Kampftrupp

        Misc.  180 Sigs Bn, 180 Services

 

3.  STRENGTH

        When holding a sector on the MAAS the average Bn strength of this Div was estimated at 500 - 600 all ranks.  It has been engaged in continuous fighting for the past three weeks and will therefore be fortunate if it can raise half that number at the present moment.  A great deal of the arty shown in para 2 may have been on loan from Corps and now have reverted to Corps command.

 

4.  PERSONALITIES

Commander Major General KLOSTERKEMPER, Ia Major FASTENAU.

        1221 GR  Commander Oberstleutnant van REIDT, Adjutant Oberleutnant DET[?]MAYER.  Commander I Battalion, Commander 1 Company Oberleutnant KAISER.  Commander II Battalion Hauptmann HOLLMANN, Commander 7 Company Oberleutnant SENF, Commander 14 Company Oberleutnant BUSSE.

        1222 GR  Commander Oberstleutnant RICHTER, Adjutant Oberleutnant HANSEN.  Commander I Battalion, Commander 1 Company Oberleutnant SCHRODER (?), Commander 2 Company Oberleutnant BENDER or MORKISCH, Commander 3 Company Oberleutnant FEILKE, Commander 4 Company Oberleutnant LUDERS, Commander Oberleutnant MAYER.  Commander II Battalion, Adjutant II Battalion Oberleutnant DE WITT (?), Commander 5 Company Oberleutnant HAUMANN, Commander 6 Company Oberleutnant LANG, Commander 7 Company Oberleutnant NOLDEN, Commander 14 Company Oberleutnant SCHNEEGLUTH, Pl Comds Oberleutnant PRUTER, Oberleutnant MEYER.  Other Battalion Officers Oberleutnant DIETS, Oberleutnant KIENLAR, Oberleutnant HANSEN.

        1223 GR  Commander Hauptmann WINKE.  Commander I Battalion Hauptmann WORBS, Adjutant I Battalion Oberleutnant SIMON, Commander 1 Company Oberleutnant BECKERS, Commander 2 Company Oberleutnant BONING, Commander 3 Company Oberleutnant MUTH, Commander 4 Company Oberleutnant FLECK.  Commander II Battalion Hauptmann VEDDER, Commander 5 Company Oberleutnant FISCHER, Commander 6 Company Oberleutnant DIRKS, Commander 8 Company Oberleutnant WINDGASSEN, Commander 14 Company Oberleutnant HAAS.

        180 Engr Bn  Major HOFFMANN.

        100 Cav Bn  Hauptmann BESSENBACH.  Commander 1 Company Leutnant SCHULTZ (?), Commander 2 Company Leutnant ASCHENFELDER (?), Commander 3 Company Leutnant LENDENFELD (?), Commander 4 Company Oberleutnant MANDLER (?).

        800 Arty Regt  Colonel von EHRENROG.  Commander IV Battalion MAJZELK *, 10 Troop Hauptmann SCHULMANN *, 11 Troop Oberleutnant HANSEN *, 12 Troop Oberleutnant KADEL *, Officer in 12 Troop Oberleutnant LEDIG *.

        1 Werfer Trg Regt *  Leutnant RUINER *, Leutnant BERENDT *

NOTE:  * NOT identified since Nov 44 but may still be current.

 

84 INF DIV

 

1.  HISTORY

        84 Inf Div took part in the REICHSWALD fighting early in the year, after holding a sector of the MAAS line for a long period.  On the way back to the RHINE the div suffered heavy casualties and was identified in the KREFELD area on 1 Mar.  On 9 Mar part of the Div arty was identified in the WESEL area WEST of the RHINE apparently in the course of crossing.  By this time several reports stated that the bulk of the Div was reforming in the RUHR area and it now appears that this process, for what it is worth, has been completed and the div is now believed to be in position SOUTH EAST of WESEL.

 

2.  ORDER OF BATTLE

        Inf  1051 GR (of two bns), 1052 GR (of two bns), 1062 GR (KATZMANN), 84 Fus Bn, II Bn.

        Arty  184 Arty Regt, I Bn, II Bn, III Bn, IV Bn, 184 A tk Bn.

        Services  Numbered 184

 

3.  STRENGTH

        84 Inf Div originally comprised 1051 and 1052 GRs with the usual supporting arms and services.  During the period between the airborne landings in HOLLAND and the end of the year strength estimates were complicated by the appearance of a third regt known variously as Battle Group KATZMANN or 1062 GR.  Documents eventually established that KATZMANN - whose strength was given in a return rendered by him in Dec as 2022 all ranks - was absorbed in 84 Inf Div as 1062 GR on 6 Jan.  While this made the div up to a normal strength of three inf regts, it may be safely assumed that on reaching the RHINE the casualties suffered will have reduced the total strength to a figure well below that of a normal triangular div.  The effect of the recent attempt to reform is not yet apparent.

 

4.  PERSONALITIES

Commander General VIEBING (old information), Ia Hauptmann STUBE (?), IIa Major JULICH.

        1051 GR  C.O. Oberstleutnant BRONOLD.  I Battalion Hauptmann KESSING.

        1052 GR  Adjutant Leutnant BECKERHOFF.

        1062 GR  Adjutant Oberleutnant ROMER.

        184 Arty Regt  Adjutant II Battalion Oberleutnant SIEBEL.

 

15 PG Div

 

1.  HISTORY

        15 PG Div was in action in the BASTOGNE area in Dec until about 3 Jan.  On 12 Feb part of the div was identified in the REICHSWALD and 115 Pz Bn in GOCH.  Losses had already been heavy by 23 Feb on which date PW's stated that part of 115 Pz Bn was fighting as inf without its tanks, while I and II Bns of 104 PGR had been amalgamated.  At the end of Feb various units were identified in the HOCHWALD - XANTEN area but a captured map early in Mar showed 15 PG Div at KREFELD with 84 Inf Div on its right.  According to PW statements the div was to cross the RHINE on 3/4 Mar at HOMBERG A2818, where 115 PGR was, in fact, identified on 4 Mar.  Latest information indicates that the div is now in position NORTH EAST of DUISBERG.

 

2.  ORDER OF BATTLE

        115 Pz Bn

        104 PGR  I Bn,  II Bn,  III Bn

        115 PGR  I Bn,  II Bn,  III Bn

        Arty  33 Arty Regt, 33 A Tk Bn, 315 AA Regt

        Engr  33 Engr

        Sigs  33 Sigs Bn

        Recce  33 Recce Bn

        Services  Numbered 33

 

3.  STRENGTH

        Losses both of Inf and tanks were undoubtedly heavy during the BASTOGNE, REICHSWALD and HOCHWALD actions.  115 Tk Bn was stated on 24 Feb to have no more than 15 runners.  Since the Divs withdrawal over the RHINE no reports have been received of any major reforming process.  Several documents captured at the beginning of Mar in KREFELD give the following information on the state of 104 PGR on Feb 28.

                (a) Total losses during recent engagements were 1058 all ranks.  These could only partially be made up by replacements and convalescents and the regt had to make up the combat strength of its bns as far as was possible from its own resources.

                (b) There was a marked lack of trained personnel and experienced junior leaders.

                (c) There was a deficiency of automatic weapons.

                (d) A strength return for the month of Feb gave the following figures:  Present strength: 1491.  Casualties during month, killed 67, wounded 131, missing 691.  Replacements, Officers 9, NCOs 140, Rank and File 402.  Replacements from convalescents, 40.

 

116 PZ DIV.

 

1.  HISTORY

        116 Pz Div was believed to have been brought up to 80% strength prior to the ARDENNES battle.  It was in action in the LAROCHE area in Dec and Jan and suffered heavy casualties.  On 6 Jan a PW from 156 PGR stated that the Pz Regt had returned to GERMANY to collect new tanks, which by this time were urgently needed.  It seems probable that this statement was correct, for 16 Pz Regt was not again identified again until it appeared in the REICHSWALD battle area "in action but weak".  It was thought at the time that it may have left a number of its tanks in the SOUTH.  However it appears that no more than 6 - 10 tanks of this regt succeeded in crossing to the EAST bank of the RHINE.  The arty regt has been active recently and now appears to have concentrated in the area BRUNEN A2748 - DINGDEN A2353.

 

2.  ORDER OF BATTLE

        16 Pz Regt  I Pz Bn,  II Pz Bn

        60 PGR  I Bn,  II Bn

        156 PGR  I Bn (1-3 (Lt) coys four (Hy coy)),  I Bn (5-7 (Lt) coys 8 (hy coy)),  9 (Inf Gun) Coy,  10 (Engr) Coy

        Arty  146 Arty Regt,  I Bn,  II Bn,  III Bn, 228 A Tk Bn

        Sigs  228 Sigs Bn

        Recce  116 Pz Recce Bn

        Services  66

 

3.  STRENGTH

        It is more difficult to assess the strength of the Inf, but as the Div has been in action almost continuously since the beginning of the year, and reinforcements are probably not easily obtained, a conservative estimate would be 30% of their original strength i.e. each regt now equal to one weak bn.  On 16 Dec before the ARDENNES offensive the regt was composed of two bns each 12 x 10.5cm LFH 18 and one bn of 12 x 15cm SFH 18.  It probably possesses no more than half that number of guns at the moment.

 

4.  PERSONALITIES

Commander Major General WALDENBURG

        16 Pz Regt  II Battalion Major GRAF v BRUHL

        60 PGR  II Battalion Hauptmann BANATZKA (old information)

        156 PGR  C.O. Colonel GROLLMANN, III Battalion Hauptmann KUSSENBERG (old information)

        116 Pz Recce Bn  C.O. Major STEFAN (old information)

        116 Pz Fd Repl Bn  Hauptmann BAUMGARTEN

 

 

Appx F

INTELLIGENCE SUMMARY No.3

 

Reference Maps GSGS. 4414.  1:25,000 Sheets 4204-4205-4206-4304, 4305-4306

                          GSGS. 4416.  1:100,000 Sheets P.1.  Q.1.

 

1.  ENEMY ORDER OF BATTLE

        Herewith some additional information about units likely to be encountered in VARSITY area.

                15 P.G. Div.  (a) Present location area HINXE 330385 some elts believed to be as IJSSELBURG 1260.

                15 Panzer Grenadier Division and the "45" Organisation  The existence of a WE/TO for an INFANTRY DIVISION 45 implied that other types of information might well be reforming on similar lines.  The first indications of a PANZER GRENADIER DIVISION 45 have now made their timely appearance, in the form of documents originating from 104 Panzer Grenadier Regt of 15 Panzer Grenadier Division.  These documents, found in a bunker near KREFELD, have every appearance of genuineness, and include a report from the Regiment cover the month of February 1945.  The report discloses that, during the month, III Battalion was dissolved, and I and II Battalions were reorganised on the new "45" basis.  A set of charts captured with the report, give details of the actual strength of the regiment - presumably as of 1 March 1945.  They also appear to illustrate the new organisation, but in view of one or two strange inconsistencies, this fact must await confirmation.  It may be that only some intermediate stage has so far been reached in this case:-

                        Regimental H.Q. : 155 men - Motorcycle Platoon, Signals Platoon

                        I Battalion : 508 men - Five companies: 1 (rifle) Coy - 5 LMG's, 2 (rifle) Coy - 5 LMG's, 3 (rifle) Coy - 5 LMG's, 4 (Hy) Coy - 4 MMG's, 3 (?20mm) AA guns, 5 (Hy) Coy - 1 LMG, 5 x 81mm mortars, 2 x 120mm mortars.

                        II Battalion : 473 men - Organisation as I Battalion (9 LMGs only shown - all in I Coy - implying a deficiency in these weapons).

                        II (Infantry How) Company : 113 men - 3 x 150mm Hy Inf Hows, 2 LMGs.

                                1,249

                        No mention is made of a regimental anti-tank company; the other curiosity is the five-company battalion organisation, including a 4 company which may be regarded either as a machine-gun or an anti-aircraft company, and a 5 Company of mortars.

                        So far as 104 Panzer Grenadier Regiment itself is concerned, a further document gives details of casualties and replacements during the month of February which do not entirely agree with the figures given above, but the difference may perhaps be accounted for by the supply elements of the regiment.  The total themselves are in any case of interest.  They credit the regiment with a surprisingly high strength figure, and the large proportion of "missing" among the casualties is also notable:-

                                Present Strength (presumably as of 1 March) 1491

                                Casualties during month : Killed - 67, Wounded - 131, Missing - 691  889

                                Replacements during month : Officers - 9, NCO's - 140, EM/CR - 402, Convalescents (unspecified) - 40  591

 

2.  ENEMY DISPOSITIONS (Stop press)

        180 Inf Div  Elements 1222 GR area A2133 (2 Bns)

        6 Para Div  (i) 8 Coy excl 18 Para Regt at 0156.  (ii) POW states 17 Para Regt 300 strong at A0060.  (iii) Unidentified detachment at DORNICH A0158.  (iv) 16 Para Regt 075514.

        84 Inf Div  Regt KATZMANN (1062 GR) at BISLICH (A1443)

 

3.  RESERVES AND MOVEMENTS

        Heavy rail activity continues in RUHR and from MUNSTER to EAST and SE 150 flats loaded with M.T. at ESSEN.  Heavy road movement of Inf and tanks NORTH EAST from COLOGNE area.  Possibly 3 PG Div moving NORTH in support of 11 Para Army.

 

Time of Signature 211100 Hrs

[Signed] G.S.O. III (INT)

H.Q. Commander Glider Pilots