Page 1, Page 2

 

National Archives catalogue number WO 171/1233.

 

Abbreviation

52 LI

A

AA

a/c

Adm

ADS

Adv

Airldg

Amb

Armd

Arr

Arty

A/Tk

Bde

Bdy

Bldg

Bn

Br

Bty

CCP

CD

Civ

Cmd

Comd

Comn

Conc

Concr

Coy

CRE

Cst

DAQMG

Def

Deg

Det

Div

DMA

DZ

Embktn

En

Engnr

Eqpt

ETA

Evac

Excl

FBE

Fd

Fm

Fmn

FOO

Fwd

GAF

Gen

GOC

Gp

H

HMG

How

i/c

Incl

Ind

Inf

Instr

Int

Intercomn

Junc

LAA

Ladg Grad

Ldg

Lt

LZ

MDS

Med

MG

Mob

Mot

MT

O

OC

Offr

O i/c

Op

Org

P

Pdr

Ph

Pl

Posn

Proj

Pt

Pz

RASC

Rd

RE

Ref

Regt

Reinfcd

Res

Rfts
Rly

Rt

RUR

RV

Sec

Senr

Sigs

SL

Sp

Sqdn

SS

Stas

Str

Strg

Tac
TAF

Tk

Topo

Tp

Tpt

Trg

u/c

Veh

Yeo

WT

52nd (Regiment of Foot) Light Infantry (2nd Ox and Bucks)

Army

Anti-Aircraft

Aircraft

Administration

Advanced Dressing Station

Advance

Airlanding

Ambulance

Armoured

Arrival

Artillery

Anti-Tank

Brigade

Boundary

Building

Battalion

Bridge

Battery

Casualty Collection Point

Coastal Defence

Civilian

Command

Command

Communication

Concentration

Concrete

Company

Commander Royal Engineers

Coast

Deputy Assistant Quartermaster General

Defensive

Degree

Detachment

Division

Divisional Maintenance Area

Drop Zone
Embarkation

Enemy

Engineer

Equipment

Estimated Time of Arrival

Evacuate

Excluding

Folding Boat Equipment

Field

Farm

Formation

Forward Observation Officer

Forward

German Air Force

General
General Officer Commanding

Group / Glider Pilot (if upper case)

Hussars

Heavy Machine Gun

Howitzer

In-Command

Including

Independent

Infantry / Information

Instruction

Intelligence

Intercommunication

Junction

Light Anti-Aircraft

Landing Gradient

Landing

Light / Left

Landing Zone

Main Dressing Station

Medium

Machine Gun

Mobile

Motorised

Motor Transport

Order

Officer Commanding

Officer

Officer in command

Operation
Organisation

Pilot

Pounder

Photograph

Platoon

Position
Projector

Point

Panzer

Royal Army Service Corps

Road

Royal Engineers

Reference

Regiment

Reinforced

Reserve

Reinforcements

Railway

Right

Royal Ulster Rifles

Rendezvous

Section

Senior

Signals

Start Line / Searchlight

Support / Self-Propelled (if upper case)

Squadron

Special Service

Stations

Strength

Strong

Tactical

Tactical Air Force

Tank

Topography

Troop

Transport

Training

Undercarriage

Vehicle

Yeomanry

Wireless Telegraphy

 

Month and year : June 1944

Commanding Officer : Col G.J.S. Chatterton DSO

 

1st June 1944

Place: Netheravon

 

1400 - Briefing for Squadron Commanders takes place for Op "NEPTUNE" by 38 Group R.A.F.

 

2nd June 1944

Place: Milston

 

1415 - Commander Glider Pilots attends conference at 9 USATCC.

 

3rd June 1944

Commander Glider Pilots visits glider pilots at R.A.F. Stations Brize Norton and Keevil.

 

4th June 1944

Commander Glider Pilots visits glider pilots at R.A.F. Stations Tarrant Rushton.

 

5th June 1944

Place: Brize Norton

 

2320 - D-1 Day.  Ops "X" & "Y", gliders took off according to plan.

 

6th June 1944

D Day.  All gliders took off according to plan.

 

7th June 1944

Commander Glider Pilots attends a conference at HQ AEAF for planning Op. Wastage-Wildoats.

 

8th June 1944

400 glider pilots returned to UK from Op. Neptune.

 

9th June 1944

Place: Larkhill

 

0900 - De-briefing of glider pilots takes place, lasting all day.

 

10th June 1944

Further de-briefing of glider pilots.  Commander Glider Pilots visits HQ 21 Army Group returning same day.

 

11th June 1944

1600 - Commander Glider Pilots attends conference at HQ Airborne Troops.

 

1700 - Commander Glider Pilots attends conference at HQ AEAF.  Squadron Commanders briefed at HQ Commander Glider Pilots for Operation Wastage-Wildoats.

 

12th June 1944

Place: Milston

 

Operation Order No 1 issued for Op. Wastage Wildoats to Wings.

 

13th June 1944

Place: Milston

 

Int. Summary for Operation Wastage-Wildoats issued to Wings.

 

14th June 1944

Place: Milston

 

Operation Wastage Wildoats postponed 24 hours.

 

15th June 1944

Place: Milston

 

Operation Wastage Wildoats postponed 3 days.

 

17th June 1944

Place: Milston

 

Commander Glider Pilots visits Eastcote, Op Wastage Wildoats cancelled.  All documents for this Op. destroyed.

 

18th June 1944

Place: Milston

 

Commander Glider Pilots returns from Eastcote.

 

19th June 1944

Place: Milston

 

Commander Glider Pilots interviews glider pilots at Depot.

 

20th to 30th June 1944

Nothing to Report.

 

 

Appendix

OPERATION ORDER No.1.

COMMANDER GLIDER PILOTS.

Ref. Maps. 1:50000  France. 7E/5, 7E/6, 7F/1, and 7F/2.

 

INFORMATION

1.  ENEMY.  See Summary of Information No.1.

 

2.  Own Troops.  Definition P hr.  Airborne Operation.  D - 1 Day.

                                           Z hr.  Airborne Operation.  D Day.

                                           H hr.  Seaborne Operation.  D Day.

        (a) The First U.S. Army is operating on the RIGHT of the SECOND BRITISH ARMY.

        (b) The SECOND BRITISH ARMY is assaulting through the beaches between incl. PORT EN BESSIN 7587, and excl. mouth R. ORNE 1279 with RIGHT 30 Corps, LEFT 1 Corps with under command 6 Airborne Div., and 1 and 4 SS Bdes.  The object is to capture position on general line BAYEUX 7809 - CAEN 0368 by the evening of D Day.  It is considered that the rate of build-up will not permit any general advance beyond rd. BAYEUX - CAEN before D plus 3/4.

        (c) Every effort is being made to delay movement of enemy reserves by air bombing and resistance groups.

        (d) 1 Corps is to assault the beaches between GRAYE-SUR-MER 9584 and OUISTREHAM 1179, and is to advance and secure on D Day, a covering position on the general line PUTOT-EN-BESSIN 9072 subsequently SOUTH and S.E. to secure a bridgehead on the general line ST. MARC D'OUILLY 9834 - FALAISE 1435 - ARGENCES 1761 - DIVES-SUR-MER 2279.

 

3.  Flank Formation  3 British Inf. Div. is operating on 6 Airborne Div RIGHT flank.

        (a) Order of Battle.  8 INF. BDE., 9 INF. BDE., 185 INF. BDE., DIV TROOPS. under command: 27 Armd. Bde, 13/18 H., 1 E.RIDING YEO., STAFFS YEO.

        (b) Tasks.

                (i) 8 Inf. Bde lands on QUEEN sector 068818 - 093805 at H hour with the task of clearing the beach area and securing the high ground ring contour 065772 which it hopes to do by H plus 4 hrs.  As early as possible one company E YORKS plus 1 Sqdn. 13/18 H moves to bridge area.  Probable time of arrival H plus 4 hrs.  If opposition is strong 1 SS Bde is moving with this force.

                (ii) 185 Inf Bde. lands on QUEEN sector and should be assembled ashore by H plus 4 hrs.  It then moves SOUTH through 8 Inf Bde to capture CAEN, axis HERMANVILLE-SUR-MER 0679 - BEUVILLE 0675 - CAEN.  Anticipated timings: BEUVILLE H plus 6 to 7 hrs.  CAEN H plus 12 hrs.

                (iii) 9 Inf Bde. lands about H plus 5 hrs. on QUEEN sector and moves to PLUMETOT 0478 into Div Reserve.

 

4.  6 AIRBORNE DIVISION with 1 SS Bde under command will protect the LEFT flank of 1 Corps, by denying the enemy the use of the area between the Rs ORNE and DIVES, NORTH of the rd. TROARN 1667 - CANNERVILLE 1367 - COLOMBELLES 0770.  6 Airborne Div will also attack and delay enemy reserves and reinforcements attempting to move towards CAEN from the EAST and S.E.

        5 Para Bde Group. will land night D-1/D Day in area NORTH of RANVILLE, and operate in area BENOUVILLE - RANVILLE.

                (a) Tasks  (i) Seize the crossings over the R. ORNE and CANAL DE CAEN at BENOUVILLE 098748 and RANVILLE 104746.

                                (ii) Secure and hold area BENOUVILLE 0970 - RANVILLE 104746 - LE BAS DE RANVILLE 105735.

                                (iii) Capture the Bty at 107765.

                                (iv) Clear and protect LZ "N" by P - 2 hrs (D - 1 Day) and Z hr. (D Day).

                (b) Timings and Dropping Zones:-

Troops

i. Bridge Assault Party

   Pathfinder

   Adv. Parties

ii. Main Body.

iii. Div HQ, 4 A/T Bty        )

    RE Br & Clearing Eqpt. )

DZ or LZ

X & Y

N

N

N

 

N

Time

) P-5 hrs

P-4 hrs 30 mns

 

P-2 hrs

Remarks

( 6 Gliders
( Para

( Para

        3 Para Bde Group. will land night D-1/D Day on L.Z. a[nd] D.Z. V and K, and operate in area TROARN, 177680 VARAVILLE - Bty 153776.

                (a) Tasks.  (i) Demolish the bridges at TROARN 177680 - BURES 1770 - ROBEHOMME 1972 - VARAVILLE 1875 by H plus 2 hrs.

                                 (ii) Hold the above area until relieved by 1 SS Bde.

                (b) Timings and Dropping Zones:-

Troops

i. Pathfinders and protective element.

ii. Para Glider elements.

iii. Main Body 3 Para Bde.

iv. Battery Coup de main

DZ or LZ

V & K

V & K

V & K

Bty 155776

Time

P-5 hrs

P-4 hrs 35 mns

P-4 hrs 30 mns

P-2 hrs

Remarks

 

17 gliders

 

3 gliders

        6 Airborne Div H.Q. will land night D-1/D NORTH OF RANVILLE.

        1 SS Bde. (less one commando) will land on the 3 British Inf. Div beaches and op in the coastal belt between OUISTREHAM and CABOURG under command 6 Air/Div/

        6 Airldg Bde. will land on L.Z. "N" and L.Z. "W" approx 2100 hrs D Day.

                (a) Tasks.  (i) To hold the area LONGUEVAL - ST. HONORE LA CHARDONERETTE - ESCOVILLE - LE BAS DE RANVILLE.

                                 (ii) Should this objective be strongly held by the enemy the brigade will concentrate as under:- Bn. Area 105735.  Bn. Area 113746.

                (b) Timings and L.Zs.

Troops

1 R.U.R.

Air Armd Recce Regt.

HQ 6 Airldg Bde.

Adm Tpt.

 

2 OXF. BUCKS (less one coy).

195 Airldg Fd. Amb.

211 Airldg Lt. Bty.

LZ

)

)
) N

)

 

)

) W

)

Time

 

Approx 2100 hrs D Day.

 

 

 

 

Approx 2100 hrs D Day

Remarks

                        Landing strips are being prepared by 263 Fd Coy (3 Brit Inf Div).

        Armd. Recce Group.  Airborne Armd Recce Regt.  211 Lt. Bty.  One Coy 12 Devon.  One Troop 3 A/Tk Bty. will land on L.Zs. N and W by evening D Day, and concentrate at area NE of wood 124732.

                (a) Tasks.  Be prepared to carry tanks to the SOUTH of Div area by 0300 D plus 1 day.

                (b) Timings and L.Zs.

Troops

Armd Recce Regt.

Coy 12 Devon.

211 Lt. Bty.

LZ

N

W

W

Time

)

) evening D Day

)

Remarks

)

) Gliders

)

        Royal Engineers.  Tasks in order of priority:-

                (a) Assist in assault 3 and 5 Para Bde on bridges and bty.

                (b) clear the initial glider landing strips.

                (c) demolition belt - incl TROARN - incl VARAVILLE.

                (d) Minefields as detailed below (para 1).

                (e) Recce and mark mines on rds within areas occupied by Bde areas.

                (f) Recce and mark mines on following routes between Bde areas: Br. 105745 - RANVILLE 114735 - BREVILLE 133744 - rd. junc. 140728.

                (g) Clear additional glider landing strips.

                (h) Recce sites for personnel, light vehicles and FBE ferries in vicinity of bridges, and establish ferries.

                (i) The following approaches will be blocked from direction stated below, R.E. 6 Air/Div responsible.

Area.

(i) 140703

(ii) 141728

(iii) 137773

(iv) 135745

(v) 123705

Approach denied from direction of:

S.E.

VARAVILLE

FRANCEVILLE PLAGE

[SONNEVILLE?] SUR MER

TOUFFREVILLE

                        anti personnel mines will be sited as follows:- area 099735.  area 113749.  To block approaches from NORTH and SOUTH.

                (j) Markings of minefield areas.  Standard red and white gap signs will be used.  Cleared carriage ways of the rds will be marked by pairs of gap signs every 200 yds.  Cleared verges will be marked by notice boards at 400 yds and gap signs moved out from carriage ways.  Verges will be cleared to 10 ft width only.  RIGHT verges will be cleared in priority to left.

        22 Ind. Para Coy.

                (a) Navigational lights will be provided as follows:-

Unit

22 Ind. Para Coy.

22 Ind. Para Coy.

22 Ind. Para Coy.

22 Ind. Para Coy.

22 Ind. Para Coy.

22 Ind. Para Coy.

R.A.S.C.

Type of ldg.

Para

Para

Para

Glider

Glider

Glider

Supply

DZ

N

V

K

N

N

W

N

Date

D-1/D

D-1/D

D-1/D

D-1/D

D

D

D/D plus 1

Time by which aids are to be set up.

P-4 hrs 45 mins.

P-4 hrs 45 mins.

P-4 hrs 45 mins.

P-2 hrs 15 mins.

Evening D Day.

Evening D Day.

Night D/D plus 1.

                (b) All pathfinder sticks will receive detailed instructions re the establishment of navigational lights under arrangements to be made by 38 Gp, R.A.F.

        C Sqn. INNS of COURT Regt.  Certain portions of C Sqn INNS of COURT Regt may move into 6 Air/Div area from SOUTH EAST during D or D plus 1 day.

        Troops to be expected.  Two patrols each of one Daimler Scout Car and one Daimler Armd Car.

        Probable route.  CAGNY - DEMOUVILLE - LE BAS DE RANVILLE.

        Recognition Signals.  Cars will be flying Blue pennants from serials.  If shot at cars will display yellow celanese triangles and fire yellow smoke.  6 Air/Div will display yellow triangles.  This must be done carefully so as not to disclose the position to the enemy.  After identification cars will be guided to Div H.Q.

 

5.  Air Support.

        (a) Up to H hr.

                P-5 hrs to P-4 hrs.  Neutralization of SL and interference with FLAK between ST.AUBIN SUR MER U0184 and TROUVILLE L4513.

                P-4 hrs.  Attacks on SL and Flak in CAEN area.

                P-4 hrs 50 mins to P-4 hrs 40 mins.  Close support for 3 and 5 Para Bdes (including protective night fighters).

                P-2 hrs to P-1 hr.  OUISTREHAM Battery 117797.

                P-2 hrs.  Close support for Div H.Q. and 4 Anti Tk Bty landing.

                Shortly before H hr.  FRANCEVILLE PLAGE and locality 138790.

        (b) H hr and after.

 

About H hr

About H hr

Map Ref.

016701

073775

Locality

Battle HQ of 716 Inf. Div.

Bn. HQ ST AUBIN D'ARQUENAY.

        (c) Bombline.

                P hr to H plus 1 hr.  MOUTH OF CANAL DE CAEN A LA MER 119789 - SOUTH edge of FRANCEVILLE PLAGE 155786 - br. 219761 - EASTERN bank of R.DIVES to br. 177681 SOUTH OF TROARN 1667 - SOUTH side of rd. junc. 135674 - NORTH side of rd. SANNERVILLE - CUVERVILLE 1069 - rd. junc. 085700 - thence direct to EAST edge of BLAINVILLE 0873 - bend in rd at 076746 - ST AUBIN D'ARQUENAY - COLVILLE SUR ORNE.

                H plus 1 hr to H plus 4 hrs.  As above except line WEST of the river where the line will run CAZELLE 0276 - BEUVILLE 0675 - SW edge of BLAINVILLE 0873.

                H plus 4 to H plus 5 hrs.  As above except that the town and outskirts of FRANCEVILLE PLAGE to be incl in prohibited area.

                H plus 5 hrs onwards.  Line of coast from mouth of R.ORNE to mouth of R.DIVES then along EASTERN bank of river to br. 219761 thence as above.  Note: Tac R resources on D day are centralized under joint control of Allied TAF and HQ 21 A Gp with the primary task of obtaining inf about en res. moving towards the Neptune area.  Particular attention is paid to areas SE of 6 Air/Div.

 

INTENTION.  To land glider landing troops of 6th Airborne Division and retrieve Glider Pilots to U.K.

 

METHOD.  Ref: Air movement table 38 Gp, R.A.F.  Ref: HQ Air Tps/2865/11/GP/4 of 21 May 44.  Ref: Air Operations Order 38 Gp, R.A.F.

 

1.  Operation Bridges:- L.Zs. "X" and "Y".

Unit

G Sqn

No of Crews

3

3

Unit Carried

2 Oxf. Bucks

2 Oxf. Bucks

Airfields

Tarrant R.

Tarrant R.

Time take-off

P-6 hrs 24 mins.

P-6 hrs 24 mins.

LZ

X
Y

Time ldg.

P-5 hrs.

P-5 hrs.

                Twelve glider pilots taking part in this op will assist in unloading the gliders after landing, and will take part in the assault of the bridges, and at first light will move to RV area "JOHN" map ref 098775, where they will come under command of Major J.P. Royle.  If it proves impossible they will remain under command of 2 Oxf Bucks Bridge Assault party until the route between this area and area R.V. John is clear of enemy.

 

2.  Operation L.Z. "V".

Unit

A Sqn

 

E Sqn

No of Crews

4

 

7

Unit Carried

9 Para Bn

227 Para Fd Amb.

HQ 3 Para Bde

1 Cdn Para Bn.

4 Aldg A/Tk Bty

Airfields

Harwell

 

Down Ampney

Time take-off

P-6 hrs 5 mins.

 

P-6 hrs 43 mins.

LZ

V

 

V

Time of landing.

P-4 hrs 35 mns.

 

P-4 hrs 35 mns.

                O.C. No 2 Wing will detail the commander of this detachment of 22 glider pilots.  This detachment will remain under command of 3 Para Bde until such time as the situation between the area Varaville and Ouistreham is clear, then they will proceed to the beaches for embarkation.  If however the route is NOT cleared by noon D plus 1 day, they will remain under command 3 Para Bde until this unit returns to U.K.

 

3.  Operation Battery 155776

Unit

B Sqn

No of Crews

3

Unit Carried

9 Para Bn. Assault party.

Airfields

Brize Norton

Time take-off

P-3 hrs.

LZ

Bty

Time of landing.

P-1 hr

                6 glider pilots taking part in this op. will remain under command 9 Para Bn. until such time as the situation between the area MERVILLE and OUISTREHAM is clear, then they will proceed to the beaches for embarkation.  If however, the route is NOT cleared by noon D plus 1 Day, they will remain under command 9 Para Bn until this unit returns to U.K.

 

4.  Operation L.Z. "K"

Unit

F Sqn

No of Crews

8

Unit Carried

8 Para Bn.

224 Para Fd. Amb.

Airfields

Blakehill Fm.

Time take-off

P-6 hrs 35 mns.

LZ

K

Time of landing.

P-4 hrs 35 mins.

                This detachment of glider pilots will assist in unloading the gliders after landing, and will remain under command 8 Para Bn until such time as the situation between the area SANNERVILLE 135680 and area RANVILLE 113735 is cleared.  Then it will move to R.V. "John" area wood 113735 and come under command of Major. J.P. Royle.  If however, the situation between the two areas is not cleared by noon D plus 1 Day, the detachment will remain under command 8 Para Bn until this unit returns to U.K.

 

5.  Operation "John". L.Z. "N".

        (a) Commander - Maj. J.P. Royle.

(b) Unit

A Sqn

 

B Sqn

 

 

D Sqn

No of Crews

21

 

17

 

 

34

Unit Carried

HQ 6 Air/Div.

FOO 5 Para Bde.

5 Para Bde

RE & Eqpt.

FOO 5 Para Bde.

4 Airldg A/Tk Bty

FOOs Div H.Q.

FOPs 3 Para Bde

Airfields

Harwell

 

Brize Norton

 

 

Tarrant R.

Time take-off

P-3 hrs 56 mins

 

P-4 hrs 11 mins

 

 

P-3 hrs 57 mins.

LZ

N

 

N

 

 

N

Time of landing.

P-2 hrs

 

P-1 hr 56 mns

 

 

P-1 hr 50 mins.

        (c) Task.  14 of these glider pilots of D Sqn will man the A/Tk guns under command of O.C. 4 Airldg A/Tk Bty until such time as relieved by original crews who land on LZ "W" by the evening D Day; then they will proceed to the RV Ian and for embarkation.  This detachment less the 14 gun-crew will:-

                (i) assist in unloading the gliders after landing.

                (ii) concentrate in RV "John" area wood 113735.

                (iii) prepare a def posn at RV area "John".

                (iv) assist RE in clearing additional landing strips on LZ "N" and after completion of this task will

                (v) occupy the def posns "John"

                (vi) wait for the ldg of the second lift on D Day.

                        As soon as the ldg is completed Major J.P. Royle will contact CRE 6 Air/Div for orders as to the assistance in clearing of strips, and send a liaison officer to 6 Air Div H.Q.  Two liaison officers detailed by Major Royle will proceed with 22 Ind. Para Coy and contact CRE 3 Inf Div at 3 Div HQ, and act as advisers in clearing the landing strips.  After the landing of det "IAN" on this LZ they will come under command of Lt.Col. I.A. Murray.

 

PHASE TWO D DAY LANDING ZONE "N".

        (a) Commander - Major J.B. Blatch.

(b) Unit

B Sqn

 

 

C Sqn

 

E Sqn

 

F Sqn

No of Crews

38

 

 

34

 

37

 

37

Unit Carried

Armd Recce Regt

6 A/L Bde HQ

Adm Tpt.

Armd Recce Regt

4 x 17 pdrs.

1 R.U.R.

Adm Tpt.

1 R.U.R.

Adm Tpt.

Airfields

Brize N

 

 

Tarrant R.

 

Down Ampney

 

Broadwell

Time take-off

Z-2 hrs 10 mins

 

 

Z-1 hr 15 mins

 

Z-2 hrs 20 mins

 

Z-2 hrs 23 mins

LZ

N

 

 

N

 

N

 

N

Time of landing.

Z plus 12 mins

 

 

Z plus 20 mins

 

Z plus 6 mins

 

Z hr.

        (c) Task.  This detachment of 146 glider pilots will:

                (i) assist in unloading the gliders

                (ii) concentrate at RV "John" area wood 113735, and come under command of Major J.P. Royle.

                (iii) occupy def posns which will be prepared by first lift.

                (iv) move to area RV "Ian" 098775 as soon as the route RANVILLE-RV "Ian" is cleared, and come under command of Lt.Col. I.A. Murray.

 

PHASE TWO D DAY LANDING ZONE "W"

        (a) Commander - Lt.Col. I.A. Murray.

(b) Unit

A Sqn

 

D Sqn

 

G Sqn

No of Crews

39

 

34

 

35

Unit Carried

2 Oxf. Bucks.

195 Fd. Amb.

2 Oxf. Bucks.

Adm Tpt.

Coy 12 Devons

Aldg Lt. Bty

Airfields

Harwell

 

Keevil

 

Fairford

Time take-off

Z-2 hrs 15 mins

 

Z-1 hr 51 mins

 

Z-1 hrs 55 mins

LZ

W

 

W

 

W

Time of landing.

Z hr.

 

Z plus 7 mns

 

Z plus 13 mins

        (c) Tasks.  As soon as the ldg and unloading is completed glider pilots will concentrate at R.V. "Ian" area wood 098775 and take a def posn.  Lt. Col Murray will:

                (i) send a liaison party to contact the Offr. i/c beaches as a point notified later.

                (ii) organise the def, preparing positions for the det. coming from R.V. area "John".

                (iii) issue warning order for the movement to the beaches.

 

PHASE THREE D to D PLUS 1 DAY.

As soon as the detachments from RV "John" and "Ian" are concentrated together at area wood 098775, and the contact with the beaches is established:- the whole body will proceed for embarkation, under command of Lt. Col I.A. Murray.

 

ADMINISTRATION

6.  See Adm O. No 1 attached.

 

INTERCOMMUNICATION

7.  Location of Headquarters.

Formation or Unit.

Location.

Approx time of Opening.

6 Air/Div H.Q.

106736

P-1 hr.

3 Para Bde.

110745 thence

106739

P-4 hrs

P-3 hrs.

6 Airldg Bde.

105735

D Day 2130 hrs.

Air Armd Recce Gp.

X rds 123735

D Day 2130 hrs.

1 S.S. Bde.

QUEEN Sector. thence wood 096801 at LA BRECHE 0980 across R.ORNE to LE PLEIN 1275

H plus 20 mins to H plus 30 mins.

3 Br. Inf. Div.

Rd junc 072803 thence to BEUVILLE 0574.

Approx H plus 1 hr.

9 Inf. Bde.

HERMANVILLE SUR MER 0679

185 Inf. Bde.

BEUVILLE 0574

101 Beach sub-area

Rd. junc mile NORTH of HERMANVILLE SUR MER.

HQ Glider Pilot Det. "John"

Area Wood 113735

P-1 hr. to approx afternoon D Day.

HQ Glider Pilot Det. "Ian"

Area Wood 098775

Z plus 30 mins to approx down D plus 1 Day.

 

8.  Means of intercomn available to Glider Pilot Detachment.

        (a) W.T.  One Set - BC 611B per Sqn.  Two Sets - BC 611B for intercomn between RV "John" and RV "Ian".

        (b) Runners.

 

9.  Pass Words.

        The following passwords will be adopted and made known to all ranks.  These passwords are laid down by 1 Corps and precautions must be taken against compromise.  They will NOT be issued below Bn (Wing) HQs more than 24 hrs ahead.

Issued.

Briefing

D plus 1

D plus 2

Commencing 0200B hrs on

D Day D plus 1 day

D plus 2

D plus 3

Ending 0200B hrs on

D plus 1

D plus 3

D plus 4

Challenge

V
HANDLE

FISH

Answer

FOR VICTORY

WITH CARE

AND CHIPS

 

Time of Signature 1300 hrs

A.P.O. England.

25 May 44.

[Signed Chatterton]

Col. Commander Glider Pilots.

H.Q. Airborne Troops (Rear).

 

 

Appx F

 

Subject: Summary of Infm No 1.

To:- O.C. No 1 Wing, Glider P Regt.

        O.C. "A" Squadron

        O.C. "B" Squadron

        O.C. "D" Squadron

        O.C. "G" Squadron

        O.C. No 2 Wing, Glider P Regt.

        O.C. "C" Squadron

        O.C. "E" Squadron

        O.C. "F" Squadron

 

Attached hereto copy of Summary of Infm No.1 dated 28 May 44 for your retention.  Please sign the attached receipt form and return to this H.Q. as soon as possible.

 

A.P.O. England

28 May 44

GR/JLC

[Signed]

G.S.O. III(I).

Commander Glider Pilots.

H.Q. Airborne Troops (Rear).

 

Sheet 1

COMMANDER GLIDER PILOTS SUMMARY OF INFM No.1.

 

INDEX.

        I: TOPOGRAPHY

                A. Description of Area.

                B. Rds.

                C. Rivers.

                D. Rlys.

                E. A.Tk Obstacles.

        II: ENEMY

                A. Plan of DEF.

                        i. Def policy.

                        ii. Forces available.

                B. Order of Battle.

                        i. 711 Inf Div.

                        ii. 716 Inf Div.

                        iii. 12 SS Pz Div.

                        iv. 21 Pz Div.

                        v. Para Divs.

                        vi. G.A.F.

                        vii. Naval.

                C. Def Lay-out

                        i. Strg Pts.

                        ii. Arty Coastal, Med Fd A.A.

                        iii. Objectives.

                D. Radar

        III: ADMINISTRATIVE

                1. Forbidden Zone.

                2. Attitude of population.

 

A.  DESCRIPTION OF THE AREA

        1.  The area of 6 Air/Div operation is known as CAEN "campagne" which is in the region of the Dept CALVADOS.

        2.  The CAEN campagne extends from the BESSIN region in the WEST which is open, rolling, well cultivated land, to the valley of the R.DIVES in the EAST.

        3.  The principle topo. features in this area is the flat marshy valley of the R.ORNE, NE of CAEN containing of double water-way with the CANAL DE CAEN on the WEST and the R.ORNE flowing almost parallel to it on the EAST side of the valley.

        4.  Map Refs to places outside the area of ops covered by 1:50000 will be indicated as follows:- MANTES &/R.66.  The no. 7 refers to the 1:25000 sheet, the letter R to the grid letter, and the figures 66 to the Easting and Northing concerned.

 

B.  RDS.

        In the NEPTUNE area, CAEN is the most important centre of rd. comns, all the principle rds converging to this town.  All principle rds have a tarmac surface, are 15-80 ft. wide, are free of sharp turns, and are seldom lined with trees.

 

C.  RIVERS, CANALS AND BRIDGES.

        1.  R.ORNE.

                (a) The R.ORNE rises in the area NORTH of ALENCON 8/Z.38, and flows NW on a winding course through wooded stretches in a valley 50-400 yds in width.  From CAEN to the sea the valley widens to mile.

                (b) The width of the river varies from 10 ft near its source to 125 ft at CAEN.  Below CAEN it is tidal, and varies from 125 to 150 ft.  The banks are steep and vary in height from about 6 ft to 10 ft.

                (c) Brs over the river NORTH of CAEN which might affect the ops of Glider Pilot Dets are as follows:-

Serial.

Location.

Class.

Width.

Length.

Width of water.

Banks and defs.

67

061682

2 span steel

18 Rly.

225

180

Earth. 2 lt. A.A. on Sl on towers. one MG at 059681

68

059694

3 span girder

25 Rly.

300

120

3 open MG posns.

69

070698

2 span girder

15-20

250

110

Earth. 3 open MG posns at 068896.

69a

070701

Timber

18

200

120

Earth. NOT shown on maps. No defs.

70

104745

Steel

9

350

125-140

Earth. 3 open MG empl. 1 posn AA. MG(?) 2 lt. A.Tk. guns.

70a

114762

Reinforced concrete multispan

8-10

420

380

Earth. Unoccupied strg. pt. at 108764.

                        Note: Below the confluence of the R.LAIZE the width of the river, its depth and the height of the banks constitute a formidable obstacle.

        2.  CAEN CANAL

                (a) Runs parallel to the R.ORNE. 600-1000 yds to the WEST it connects CAEN with the port of OUISTREHAM, where two lock basins connect the canal with the sea.

                (b) The water level is lock controlled and is capable of taking shipping up to 6000 tons.  It is approx. 27 ft in depth.

                (c) The average width - 150 ft narrowing to 50 ft at locks.

                (d) Small rds run along each side of the canal, and lt. tramway along the WEST bank.

                (e) Below CAEN there are four brs.

                (f) The ORNE valley below CAEN is subject to flooding.

                (g) Brs are as follows:-

Serial.

Location.

Class.

Width.

Length.

Width of water.

Banks and defs.

73

065703

Masonry steel

12

200

130

Sloping earth. None.

73b

079728

Masonry steel

12

150

150

Sloping earth (steep). 6 MG posns.

74

099748

Reinfcd concrete steel

16

200

150

Sloping earth (steep). 6 MG posns. 4 Lt AA MG posns.

75

118788

Steel over locks

20

120

100

Masonry. 4 open MG posns. 4 pill boxes.(?) 2 A.Tk guns. Wire on both sides. Rd block at 117788.

        3.  RIVER DIVES

                The R.DIVES reaches the sea at DIVES SUR MER.  In its lower part in winds slowly through a broad marshy valley with numerous tributaries and ditches.  The banks are artificial and approx. 5 ft high.

 

D.  RLYS.

        A narrow gauge single track lt rly runs CAEN - BLAINVILLE 0873 - BENOUVILLE 0975 - OUISTREHAM 1178 - with a branch running from BENOUVILLE via SALLENELLES 1377 to DIVES SUR MER - CABOURG.

 

E.  A. Tk. OBSTACLES.

        (a) R.ORNE / R.DIVES ) probable obstacle but it cannot be assumed that it is impassable for Mk.Vs and VIs.  R.ORNE however below CAEN in conjunction with the CANAL DE CAEN and marshy ground between them forms an effective A.Tk obstacle.

        (b) A.Tk ditch NORTH of CAEN 15 ft wide at 069713 to 991731.

        (c) A.Tk ditch NE BAVENT. 1673.  A probable A.Tk ditch exists here approx 10 ft wide extending from 165735 to 165732.

 

[Landing Zones]

        (a) LZ "X" 103746.

                (i) Two rectangular fields (pasture), long axis from SE to NW, lined with 20 ft high trees.  Fields divided by a dry ditch with a single full grown tree in the WEST end of it; another single tree approx 30 yds from the rd.  The depth of the ditch approx 2-3 ft.  On the SOUTH edge of the field, rd 20 ft wide and S of it, orchards.

                (ii) The length of both fields approx 500 yds.  Width approx 120 yds.

                (iii) Grounds: level, smooth, may be soft if after rain.

                (iv) Approaches: the vicinity of the LZ, flat, with low hedges and occasional rows of full grown trees.

                (v) This LZ has no obstacles.

                (vi) Enemy Defences.  One AA MG in open site on the northern side of the bridge, on the EASTERN bank of the river.  Direction of fire:- towards the LZ.  One MG at the Western end of the br. (Western bank of the river).  Direction of fire along the river to the NE (will probably cover the LZ).  One MG on the EASTERN end of the br. direction of fire - SE.  Possibly one A.Tk gun on the E end of the br. - direction of fire along the rd to RANVILLE.

        (b) LZ "Y" 099748.

                (i) Triangular field pointing NW base of the triangle approx 230 yds - sides approx 480 yds.  A ditch running 100 yds inside the triangle parallel to its E side.

                (ii) Ground: level, smooth, may be soft after rain.

                (iii) Approaches: open at the base of the triangle.

                (iv) Obstacles: holes dug recently on the whole surface of the field diameter approx 2 ft.  No poles so far.

                (v) Enemy Defences.  Two AA MGs in dug in posns at the WEST end of the bridge.  Two MGs in open posns at the W end of the br. - direction of fire - SE (cover eventually LZ).

        (c) LZ "V" 1877.

                (i) A circular field (pasture) approx 400 yds in diameter with a square tree lined portion within the perimeter in its N part.  Two single buildings in the S part approx 30-40 yds from the perimeter.  Three bldgs in the NW corner between the perimeter and the inside square field.  One draining ditch running in zig-zag from N to S across the central part of the LZ.  Depth approx. 2 ft.

                (ii) Ground: level, smooth, may become soft after rain.

                (iii) Approaches: country around the LZ, flat occasional hedges and rows of full grown trees.

                (iv) NO obstacles.

                (v) Enemy def: a strong pt at VARAVILLE 1 mile to the S of the LZ.  No en tps near the LZ.

        (d) LZ "K" 131699 - 121682

                (i) Large flat area, slightly sloping from E to W.  Fields, cultivation, no hedges.  NS axis approx 1200 yds.  EW axis approx 1000 yds.

                (ii) Ground: cultivation, dry, level.

                (iii) Approaches: open woods and orchards E of the LZ.

                (iv) Obstacles: poles approx 15 ft high and 30 yds apart cover the whole of this area.

                (v) Enemy defences: NO enemy posns in the vicinity.

        (e) Bty 155776.

                (i) 1 strong point very heavily fortified and defended.  Shape of the posn, circular.  The posn is surrounded by wire, the area inside the perimeter 460 x 400 yds.  Inner perimeter wire approx 10 ft wide.  On the NW side an A.Tk ditch 18 ft wide 20(?) ft deep.  The posn is surrounded by a circular minefield between the inner and outer perimeter wire.  Four concrete/earth gun casemates (guns pointing NW).  Ground inside the perimeter will probably be heavily cratered by own bombardment prior to the landing.

                (ii) Ground: dry, rough, cratered.

                (iii) Approaches: open, level at SW area outside the perimeter.  Orchards, buildings, and full grown trees NW, NE, and E of the posn.

                (iv) Obstacles:- The whole area inside the perimeter will probably be cratered.  Casemates and concrete shelters may withstand the bombardment and will be an obstacle.  Poles 15 ft high 30 yds apart in the fields surrounding the posn.  (If overshooting, the best ldg on the field SE of the posn or W of it).

                (v) Enemy defences: 4 x 150mm how in casemates.  5 LAA guns (one inside, four outside the perimeter).  14 MGs (2 in concrete) (12 in dug posns).  A small str pt 300 yds to the SW of the posn surrounded by wire, with four MGs dug in posns.  Str of occupying tps: approx 160 men.

        (f) LZ "N" Square 111740 - 117748 - 118737 - 122746.

                (i) Large open field with cultivation, sloping slightly from E to W.

                (ii) Ground: level, smooth, well drained, good ladg grad.

                (iii) Approaches: open level.

                (iv) Obstacles: the whole area covered with poles approx 15 ft high and 30 yds apart (will be cleared by own paratps prior to ldg), or holes approx 2 ft in diameter, prepared for poles.

                (v) Enemy def: NO enemy defences in the vicinity, the nearest on str pt - br. 103646 (see LZ "X").

        (g) LZ "W" 096765

                (i) Large open area covered with fields, no hedges, the area is approx 1 mile square.

                (ii) Ground: sloping slightly from W to E, level, smooth, dry, should be a very good ldg ground.

                (iii) Approaches: open except for NW corner where woods and orchards abound.

                (iv) Obstacles: poles 15 ft high and approx 30 yds apart cover the whole area (will be cleared by 3 INF DIV REs).  The holes prepared for obstacles, diameter approx 2 ft.

                (v) Enemy def: a str pt with a bty of 4x155 guns approx 1000 yds N of the LZ (shld be wiped out by seaborne tps before ldg) for details see para C Lay-out of En Def.  A str pt E of the LZ between the rd and the Canal - 4 LAA guns, 4 MGs.

 

ENEMY

A.  Gen Plan of DEFENCE.

        1. Def Policy.  In surveying the German def policy, it is necessary to consider the factors which influence the def lay-out.  These are:-

                (i) Nature and length of coastline to be def.

                (ii) Forces available.

                (iii) Control of civ. population.

                (iv) Allied capabilities, sea distances to be covered by invading force. [Unreadable].

                (v) The range of Allied fighter cover.

                        The adaption of the coastline to be defended and the shortage of men to garrison the line dictated the policy which appears to be as follows:-

                (i) Adaption of the coastline as the main def line.  This will be def by a continuous line of str pts capable of engaging and destroying the enemy when approaching, or on the beaches.

                (ii) Concentration of the main def effort along parts of the coast most suitable for ladgs and affording best routes inland.

                (iii) Inundations utilised to the full advantage to canalise enemy's attack.

                (iv) Protection of installations such as ports and airfds, the seizure of which would be an advantage to an invading force.

                (v) The defence lay-out has all the disadvantages of linear def.  Against a determined attack it is only possible to delay and canalise.  Therefore in order to prevent a break-through and annihilate a break in, strong armd formations and mob. res will be employed as counter attack forces.

 

        2. Types of Divs holding Coastal Sectors.

                (i) Inf Divs with numbers below 350 with normal organisation and eqpt.  Those over 300 have less inf guns and med arty than a normal div, and contain many tps over 35 or under 20.

                (ii) Inf Divs of 700 series contain a large proportion of low category troops, many over 35, and in some cases foreigners.  Their org includes in many cases two regts instead of three and one arty bty. (in NEPTUNE case, 716 and 711 Inf Divs).

                (iii) Divs other than those in a CD role are constituted into Army mob res. and incl. Pz Divs, SS Pz Divs, SS Pz Gren Divs, Inf Divs, Mot. Divs and SS Corps Tps.  They are fully equipped and organised, and are the "flower" of the German Army.

                (iv) CAF Divs are of a static character, capable only of def action.  They could however be rendered mobile if provided with necessary tpt.

 

        3. Org. of Coastal Div Sectors.

                (a) The length of div coastal sector varies from 20 to 80 miles, depending on its degree of vulnerability.  In case of 711 and 716 Divs, which have only two regts, both regts are held forward on the coast.  Each regt. will have one bn. in res. sited approx 4 miles inland.  In the bn sector three rifle coys may be fwd, or one located in res near Bn. H.Q. with only two fwd.  The fourth coy is usually sublocated to rifle corps.  Normally all sp weapons from 13th and 14th Corps will also be sublocated and dispersed through inf str pts.  Bty posns, flak, RDF, and H.Qs near the coast have all been converted into strong points.  There is as yet no evidence of a second def line further inland.  Recent phs. however indicate that the Germans are laying minefields in considerable depth 1000 - 2000 yds inland.  All ports are heavily defended by obstacles.  Some inland towns have local def works.  There is a recent evidence of thickening up of defs. as for example preparations of inf posns 10000 yds inland covering main rds.  Provision is also being made for protection of armd vehs, SP guns and rocket projectors, by building bays in rd., sides of which are often roofed over.

                (b) The mob res. consist of armd or mot divs located between 20 - 50 miles inland.  As the counter-attack force they have the task of either destroying the force which has landed or containing any such force until the arrival of strategical reserves.  Moves can be made without the necessity of first moving to a conc area.  In view of the Allied air superiority it is expected that armd fmns may move by night.

                (c) Tk res of a very different kind are the tk units allotted to Corps holding coastal sectors.  Several Inf Divs have under their command Sqns of tks in the vicinity of the coast.  These units consist of MkIII and MkIV tanks and will be used in immediate counter-attack role. (in case of 716 Div the Med Tk Sqn at CAEN).

                (d) Warning system and state of readiness.  The warning is first given by Div HQ down to Bn. and Out Sectors.  In the period preceding D Day it is probable that the Germans will have sufficient evidence of incoming invasion, and it is probable that the general alarm will be passed before the invasion fleet is seaborne.  The state of readiness will be passed down to coy level.  States of readiness are as follows:-

                        i. all leave cancelled.

                        ii. weapons in pits and tps sleeping fully dressed.

                        iii. Posns occupied by day and night.

                        iv. Posns continuously occupied, guns loaded.

                                In the case of coastal divs it is believed that the res Bns would have an alarm coy ready to move off at any moment, possibly by M.T.  Reports have also been received of anti-paratp Kommandos probably of pl str. with task of holding up airtps until rfts arrive.  The alert would be given by bugle.  In the case of mob res similar states of alarm will be enforced.  Units will be ready to move off within 2 hrs of receiving the order to move, and the duty coy would be ready within 15 mins.

                (e) Moves.  It is estimated that moves by mob res would be made by rd up to distance of 40 - 60 miles.  A div moving by road would probably move by battle gps containing tks, inf, and sp arms.  It is estimated that a mixed battle gp will move at the rate of 10 m.p.h. and mob inf at 15 - 20 m.p.h.

 

        4. Forces Available in NEPTUNE Area.

                (1) 711 Inf Div (Comd Maj Gen KURT DEUTSCH).  H.Q. PONT L'EVEQUE 4/L 8204.

                        (a) Composition

731 Gren Regt.

    right Bn area

    left Bn area

    res Bn area

744 Gren Regt.

651 Arty Regt

711 Cyclist Coy.

711 Engnr(?) Bn.

711 Sigs(?) Bn.

HQ GLANVILLE 4305.

VILLIERS SUR MER 3009

CABOURG 2280

DOZULE 2799

area STARNOULT - DAUVILLE

)
) suballoted in DIV area.
)
)

                        (b) Estimated str.  13,000 men.  20 A.Tk guns.  60 inf or med guns.  It is possible that 711 Inf Div may have under command a small force of tks and SP Arty for counter attack role.

                        (c) Possible Role.  Having ascertained the limits of the ldg, the first reaction in initial counter attacks would be to throw en forces back into the sea, and if unsuccessful contain the en force until the arrival of strat. res.  That it would perform a counter attack role outside its own area is unlikely.  It would however probably form a strong def on the high ground EAST of the flooded R.DIVES.  A recce in force can be expected in area VARAVILLE 1876.

                (2) 716 Inf Div (Comd ??)  H.Q. CAEN.  Battle H.Q. 016699.

                        (a) Composition

726 Gren Regt.

    right Bn area

    left Bn area

    res Bn area

736 Gren Regt.

(?)656 Arty Regt

(?)Cyclist Sqn.

Engnr(?) Bn.

Sigs(?) Bn.

    under command:

642 Eastern (OST) Bn.

A.Tk - Sqn Med tks.

HQ CHATEAU DE BIEVILLE. 056740

coastal sector 0682 to 1679.  Bn HQ St.AUBIN D'ARQUENAY 0777.

coastal sector 0682 to 8287.  Bn HQ DOUVRES DE LA DELIVERANDE 0180.

area immediately SOUTH of BIEVILLE 056740.

HQ BAYEUX 7879.  Coastal sector excl. TRACY SUR MER 8486 to ISIGNY 5085.

)
) suballoted in Div Area.  one bty of 15.5mm [cm?] in casemated strong pt 107764.
)
)

 

CAEN.

CAEN.

                        (b) Estimated str.  Eight bns.  24 gun hows.  12 Med hows.  25 A.Tk. guns.

                        (c) Div Signs.  Have been reported variously as:

                                (i) outline of Kremlin, colour unknown.

                                (ii) two or three crossed oak leaves, colour unknown.

                                (iii) Black tree on green ground.

                        (d) Grn tps. CAEN.  One Bn of Local Def Regt 193 located in CAEN as a static grn.  It is believed to be organised as normal inf bns and is probably under comd 716 Inf Div.

                (3) 12 SS Pz "Hitler Jugend"  (Comd SS Oberfuhrer Fritz Witt).  H.Q. ??.

                        (a) Composition

12 SS Pz Regt.

25 SS Pz Gren Regt.

26 SS Pz Gren Regt.

12 Arty Regt.

12 Recce Unit.

12 Pz A.Tk Bn.

12 Pz Engnr Bn.

12 Pz Sigs Bn.

)

)

)
) 22 May 44:- Area LISIEUX - BERNAY -
) ALENCON - DREUX.
)

)

)

                        (b) Estimated str. approx 21500 men.  Pz Kw IV - 30.  Pz Kw III - 134.  Panther - 30-40(?).  It is probable the best trained and equipped Pz Div in the West.

                        (c) Probable role.  The time of arrival of 12 SS Pz Div in the NEPTUNE area can only be roughly estimated.

Unit

Recce Unit

One Pz Gren Regt Gp.

Tk Regt.

Whole Div.

Approx P plus

4-5 hrs.

6-7 hrs.

10-11 hrs.

12 hrs.

                (4) 21 Pz Div.  Comd ??.  H.Q. ??.

                        (a) Composition

21 Pz Recce Unit

? Tk Bde.

5 Tk Regt.

? Tk Regt.

192 Pz Gren Regt.

(?) 492 Pz Gren Regt.

155 Pz Arty Regt.

? A.Tk Bn.

? Pz Engnr Bn.

? Sigs Bn.

)

)

)

)
) 22 May 44. Area CAEN - ARGENTAN -
) FLERS - VIRE.
)

)

)

)

                        (c) Estimated str.

men

SP Arty and Mk IV Tk

Panthers

Arty MT ACs

15800

170 )
60   ) arrived to the above area by 3 May 44.
290 )

                                From latest reports it appears that 21 Pz Div is organised as follows:-

                                        One Tk Regt with two Bns - each of 90 tks (Panthers & MK IVs)

                                        One Pz Gren Bde of two Regts - each of two Bns.

                                        Pz Arty Regt consisting of 46 guns of which 18 are SP.

                                        Normal Div Trps.  The Div may be split in three battle gps, each org as follows

Tk.

Approx 50

Mob Inf.

one-two bns.

Arty.

14 guns incl SP

14 A.Tk guns.

Armd Recce Unit.

The strongest battle gp will incl the Armd

Recce Unit which is normally not split.

                        (d) Probable role.

                                (i) Counter attack to prevent a break through in event of Allied break-in in CAEN coastal sector.

                                (ii) Counter attack against Allied invasion of the base of CHERBOURG peninsular.

                                        This Div is very near the NEPTUNE area, having some elements (one tk Bn?) at CAEN, and its interference can be expected within 2 hrs after the alarm is given.

                (5) Para Divs.

                        (a) 2nd and 3rd Para Divs are in Brittany.  EAST of BREST and WEST of RENNES, their role is obscure, but it seems unlikely that they will be used in an airborne role.  However possibility of airborne counter attack against NEPTUNE area can not be underestimated, and may be executed by Para units situated in EASTERN France or by detachments of two Para Divs in Brittany.

                        (b) Other Para Tps.  5000 paratps reported to be located in the area CALAIS.

                (6) GAF.

                        (a) Composition and Locations:

                                H.Q. 931 GAF Lt. Bty.  CAEN.

                                H.Q. 2 Tp 991 GAF Lt. Bty.  CAEN.

                                HQ 3 GAF SL Bty (14 Regt).  CAEN.

                        (b) Str.  No inf. available.

                (7) Naval.

                        (a) Composition.  Naval forces likely to be encountered in ports are:- adm personnel, marines, naval arty, and AA units.

                        (b) Locations are str.

                                i. CAEN.  There are two or three minesweeping trawlers based on this port which are armed with 20mm guns.  "R" Boats on coastal duties may be expected to put into this port from time to time.  These may be armed as follows:- Two 37mm guns and one 20mm gun.  Two 40mm guns and one 20mm gun.  Two 20mm guns and two M.Gs.  Any AA barges in the vicinity, or at LE HAVRE, may be moved into the port at OUISTREHAM.

                                ii. CANAL DE CAEN.  The only armd vessels in the vicinity of the canal are at present two or three minesweeping trawlers mentioned in the sub para(i) above.  In the past the Germans have put armd vessels on canals and it must be considered that such vessels might be moved into the CANAL DE CAEN at any time.

 

C.  Def Lay-Out affecting the op of Glider Pilot Det.

Serial

Map Ref

MGs concrete

MGs Open

Inf Guns

A.Tk Guns

Other Weapons

Estimated Strength

Remarks

1

Area 1080

7 plus 3(?)

8

1 inf in concr

HMGs in concr. 108801

3 LAA. 6 Flame throwers 086807

Pl. Gp. 60 men.

near area "Ian"

2

1180

3 plus 2(?)

8

-

2

2 plus 1 LAA

Pl. Gp. 80 men.

Rear of this posn covered by A.Tk ditch

3

1279

6

7

-

-

SL and casemate

Pl. Gp. 60 men.

4

1278

5

4

-

-

1 LAA

Pl. Gp. 70 men.

5

137790

3

4 plus 1

-

2

AA on shelter. 3 inf weap.

Pl. Gp. 60 men.

6

1879

1 plus 1

18

-

-

1 LAA

Pl. Gp. 70 men.

7

094767

3

5

-

-

-

-

Trg area

8

132765

1 plus 1 U/conf.

1

-

-

-

Sec. 12 men

Wire

9

Br. 105747

-

5

2

1(?)

AAMG

12 men

One shelter or pillbox

10

Br. 099748

1

8

-

1

3 AAMGs

12 men

11

076782

1

5

4x18.5cm

ARTY LAY-OUT

-

1 LAA gun

80

12

103779

14?

-

4x15.5 how

-

3 LAA guns

120

Concrete casemates mines & wire perimeter

13

102768

2

7

-

-

3 LAA guns

?

14

103782

-

-

DUMMY

-

-

15

097786

-

-

-

-

-

2 shelters with cupolas 30 men

MT Bays in this area

16

117797

-

14

6x15.5 how

-

3 Inf guns. 2 plus 1(?) LAA

80-100 men

Beach def area. obstacles mines wire.

17

155776

14

-

4x15cm

-

3 Inf. 3 LAA(?)

160

Casemates wire mines A.Tk ditch

18

246780

-

1

-

-

4 Rocket projs

160

If hy, range 14600 yds

19

254789

-

3

4x15cm

-

-

Range 14600 yds

20

257809

-

13

6x(?)17cm mob

-

2(?) 20mm

200

Range 22000 yds. Coastal Bty.

 

D. RADAR

Type.

Giant Wursburg Frame Array(?)

W/T.

4 W/T masts.

H/F D/F

1 W/T mast.

D/F Adcock.

Spise(?)

Map Ref.

255812

148777

090716

171784

118794

090716

196093

Location.

HOULGATE.
FRANCEVILLE.

LONGUEVAL.

MERVILLE.

RIVA BELLA.

St. HONORINE LA CHARDONERETTE.

TROARN.

 

III.  ADMINISTRATIVE

        1. Evacuation Policy.

                (a) There is no evidence that any compulsory evac. has taken place except in actual coastal towns.  From details known it is possible that the Germans will attempt to evac civs. from any ops area when invasion is imminent.  The policy may incl the locking up of males between the ages of 16-65 and shooting any civs found on the streets.  The bdy. of the Forbidden Zone runs through TROARN 1667 - MONDEVILLE 0766 - VILLENEUVE 9470.

                (b) Situation likely to be encountered.  The majority of the population will stay and look after their farms and houses.  A few refugees from CAEN and industrial area NE of this town are likely to be encountered as a result of airborne ldgs and bombardment.  A proportion will offer assistance in form of small labour squads and may expect to be paid or fed.  At present time large numbers of the TODT org. are buildings defs on the coast.  These are men of all nationalities, and many will work for whoever pays them.  Numbers of these men are sure to be encountered in the area.  Owing to the intensity of the battle over the beaches in OUISTREHAM and to the WEST, it is certain that civs will seek refuge in the fds or fall back with the German forces.  Some will probably cross the R.ORNE and come Eastwards.

                (c) Should a compulsory evac be successfully carried between now and D Day the above conclusions would need complete revision.

        2. Attitude of Population.

                The mass of the pop. hates the Germans and looks fwd to liberation by the Allies.  Those patriots who are working in the Resistance Movement will at the time of inv carry out specific military tasks allotted to them.  The majority of persons who have adopted the wait and see attitude will do everything possible to help the Allies.  The remainder will do their best to impede the German resistance.  Strikes and petty sabotage being more likely that armed resistance.

 

[Signed]

G.S.O. III(I).

Commander Glider Pilots.

H.Q. Airborne Troops (Rear).

A.P.O. England.

28 May 44.

 

 

Appx "G"

COMMANDER GLIDER PILOTS ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER No. 1.

(To be read in conjunction with Commander Glider Pilots O.O. No.1. dated 25th May 1944).

 

1. Attachments of crews of the Glider Pilot Regt to Units of the 6th Airborne Div.

4 crews 'A' Sqn attached 9 Para Bn.  LZ 'V'             )

7 crews 'E' Sqn attached HQ 3rd Para Bde. LZ 'V'  )   Units of 3rd Para Bde.

3 crews 'B' Sqn attached 9 Para Bn.  Bty 155776    )

6 crews 'F' Sqn attached 8 Para Bn.  LZ 'K'            )

        The remainder of the crews taking part will be directly under cmd of HQ 6 Airborne Div until Gliders Pilots are evacuated.

 

2. General Maintenance

Glider Pilots while in 6 Airborne Div area will be supplied with the following by 6 Airborne Div:- (a) Rations.  (b) Ammunition.  (c) Water.  (d) Medical Arrangements.

 

3. The DMA is being established not later than 1200 hrs D+1, in one of the following locations which are dependent on the tactical situation:- WOOD 112746   X rds 114736   X rds 116733   WOOD 109734   rd junc 114728   X rds 112732

 

4. Ammunition.

        (a) Divisional Dump - WOOD 109734.

        (b) Ammunition will be in short supply at the Div dump until approx 0600 hrs on D+1.  It is therefore essential that Glider Pilots carry sufficient ammunition to avoid demanding on 6 Div before this time.  If after 0600 hrs D+1, Glider Pilots are still within the 6 Div area, and the situation warrants a re-supply, issues will be made from Div dumps on demand.  Tpt will be arranged according to the situation.

        (c) The scale of ammunition carried is at the Wing Cmdrs discretion.  However, he will ensure that sufficient T.S.M.G. rds are carried for the whole operation as no further supplies will be available from 6 Div.

        (d) For information of personnel attached to 3 Para Bde, Bde dumps will be situated at WOOD 140725.  These detachments will however be supplied with ammunition and rations by the Units they are attached to.

 

5. Supplies.

        (a) 48 hrs rations will be carried by all ranks.  Thereafter indents should be submitted to the 6 Air Div if still within their area on D+1.

        (b) 6 Air Div Supply Dump is located at WOOD 109734.

 

6. Medical

        (a) Each pilot will carry 1st Field Dressing and 1 Shell Dressing.

        (b) First Aid Kits will be recovered from the gliders after landing.

        (c) Stretchers may be carried at the discretion of Wing Cmdrs.

        (d) Benzadrine tablets will be issued prior to take-off on a scale of 2 per Pilot and will be taken according to the instructions already laid down.

        (e) The following is the allocation of 6 Div Medical Services:-

                225 Para Field Ambulance - are establishing an MDS in area 105735.  One sec under cmd 7 Para Bn will establish an ADS on WEST side of R ORNE in area 096747.

                224 Para Fd Ambulance - are establishing an MDS in area 137729 as soon as the situation permits.  One sec 224 Para Fd Amb under cmd 9 Para Bn is establishing an ADS in area 154767.

                195 A/Ldg Fd Amb - Positions will be allotted in the Field.

                Casualty Control Points - will be established in the following areas:- (i) 097750  (ii) 110745

                3 Para Bde Casualties. - Casualties on DZ 'V' will make for main rd SE of DZ thence RIGHT at rd junc 176754.  ADS will be established at house 177756.  1 S.S. Bde will establish Medical post in area 118756.  3 Bri Inf Bde area responsible for the evacuation of wounded from Div area; to do this they are establishing a CCP both EAST and WEST of R.ORNE and CANAL.

 

7. POWs

        (a) Bdes will hold POW initially.  In the case of POW captured by Glider Pilots, these should be sent under escort to the nearest Bde HQ or if open, direct to Div cages.  (Area between rds          109743).  The opening of this cage will be notified in the Field.

        (b) For infm of 3 Para Bde dets, Bde POW collecting post will be established at buildings 139729.

 

8. Refugees.

A refugee transit area will be established in the area of the houses about 118754.  Personnel will ensure that refugees are kept moving until they reach this area.  3 Para Bde refugees within Bde area will be directed to CHURCH at 112737.

 

9. ACK.

N.B.  This Order will be read in conjunction with Cmd Glider Pilots Admin Instr No.1. and Amendments thereto.

 

[Signed]

DAQMG,

Commander Glider Pilots.