National Archives catalogue reference WO 166/15077

 

Abbreviations

2IC

6581

AA

a/c

Addsd

Airfd

Amn

Armd

Arty

A Tk

Attd

Bde

Bdy

Bks

Bn

Br

Bty
Cas

Cmd

CO

Comd

Comdt

Conf

Coy

DF

Dep

Det

Div

DZ

Est

Fd

FM

Fwd

GAF

Gp

Hy

I

Incl

Indep

Inf

Infmn

Junc

Ldg

L of C

Lt

LZ
MDS

Med

MG

MMG

Mob

OC

Offr

O Gp

OO

Op

OR

Pdr

Pl

Pnr

Posn

Pz

RAP

Rd

Rds

RE

Recce

Regt

Res

Resup

Rft

Rly

RV

SDP

Sec

SP

Sqn

Stn

Tgt

Tp

Tpt

Trg

Veh
WT

X-rds

Second-in-Command

Map Reference

Anti-Aircraft

Aircraft

Addressed

Airfield

Ammunition

Armoured

Artillery

Anti-Tank

Attached

Brigade

Boundary

Barracks

Battalion

Bridge / British

Battery

Casualty

Commander

Commanding Officer

Commander

Commandant

Conference

Company

Defensive Fire

Deputy

Detachment

Division / Divisional

Drop Zone

Establish

Field

Farm

Forward

German Air Force

Group / Glider Pilots (if upper case)

Heavy

Intelligence

Including

Independent

Infantry

Information

Junction

Landing
Line of Communication

Light

Landing Zone

Main Dressing Station

Medical

Machine Gun

Medium Machine Gun

Mobile

Officer Commanding

Officer

Orders Group

Operation Order

Operation

Other Ranks

Pounder

Platoon

Pioneer

Position

Panzer

Regimental Aid Post

Road

Rounds

Royal Engineers

Reconnaissance

Regiment

Reserve

Resupply

Reinforcement

Railway

Rendezvous

Supply Dropping Point

Section

Self-Propelled / Support (if lower case)

Squadron

Station

Target

Troop

Transport

Training

Vehicle

Wireless Telegraphy

Crossroads

 

 

Month and year: September 1944

Commanding Officer: Lt. Col. T. Haddon

 

1st September 1944

Place: Harwell

 

O Gp Conf.  Briefing of Coy Comds.  Final adjustment to loads.

 

2nd September 1944

Place: Harwell

 

All ranks briefed.  Bn standing by for take-off.  Glider Pilots checked all loads.

 

3rd September 1944

Place: Harwell

 

0300 - Operation cancelled.

 

4th September 1944

Place: Harwell

 

1000 - Bde Comd visited camp and decided to move Bn owing to bad condition of camp due to rain.

 

5th September 1944

Place: Burford

 

1700 - Bn moved to billets at BURFORD.

 

6th September 1944

Place: Burford

 

0630 - One Coy changed airfields.  Move done by glider.

 

1000 - C.O. at Conf Div. H.Q.

 

1800 - Move completed.  Coy briefed in role for operation.

 

2100 - All officers briefed by C.O. for operation COMET.

 

7th September 1944

Place: Burford

 

0900 - Coys briefed.  Bn standing by for take-off.

 

8th September 1944

Place: Burford

 

2200 - Operation postponed 24 hrs.

 

9th September 1944

Place: Burford

 

1800 - Operation COMET postponed 48 hrs.

 

10th September 1944

Place: Burford

 

0830 - Gliders unloaded.  Operation Comet cancelled.

 

11th September 1944

Place: Burford

 

1100 - Bde Cmd spoke to assembled ORs of Bn.  Normal routine and training commences again.

 

12th September 1944

Place: Burford

 

Intimation of operation No.16 MARKET.  Orders to commence re-loading gliders at BROADWELL, DOWN AMPNEY, BLAKEHILL FM.

 

15th September 1944

Place: Burford

 

Gliders re-loaded as above.

 

1800 - 'O' Gp conference Coy Cmds re Op MARKET.  Officers briefed.

 

16th September 1944

Place: Burford

 

O.R. briefed.  Camp sealed for security reasons.

 

17th-26th September 1944

Operation 'Market'

 

27th September 1944

Place: Woodhall Spa (Lincs)

 

1740 - Survivors of Bn landed at WOODHALL SPA Airfd in fleet of C 47 (DAKOTAS) direct from BRUSSELS and took up residence in ROUGHTON MOOR CAMP.  Survivors numbered 9 Offrs and 231 O.R.

 

28th September 1944

Place: Woodhall Spa (Lincs)

 

Remnants of Bn settled in to camp and ferreted out all possible news of casualties.  Information very difficult to obtain owing to the peculiar characteristics of the ARNHEM campaign.

 

29th September 1944

Place: Woodhall Spa (Lincs)

 

The Bn was re-organised into 4 Coys - HQ - S - A - C with small Reinforcement Coy.

 

30th September 1944

Place: Woodhall Spa (Lincs)

 

Further enquiries & seeking infmn.

 

 

Appx "A"

1st Bn The Border Regiment.  War Diary for period 17 - 26 September 1944

Operation "MARKET"

 

1944

17 Sep

        At 0700 hrs the Bn embussed for the airfields with the exception of one rifle pl and five glider loads of the Tpt Pl not due to leave till 18 Sep; Bn strength 41 offrs 754 OR.

        0945 hrs: First glider took off from BROADWELL, followed by C Coy and BB Mortar Pl from BLAKEHILL FARM.  Good flying weather, with slight ground mist.

        1315 hrs: All gliders less six landed safely with one exception in which one man was injured, but the load was taken out undamaged.  Uneventful flight with light flak and small arms fire directed against aircraft when nearing LZ at 6581.  COs glider did not arrive.  B Coy captured three marines and two MGs 34 in Rly Stn at BUUNDERKAMP 6481.  Otherwise no opposition.  Bn moved to positions as follows and dug in:-

Bn HQ

A Coy

B Coy

C Coy

D Coy

JONKERSHOEVE 6479

area Wood 6480

area RENKUM 6276

area Wood 6579

area X-rds 633784

        Bn position was quiet for remainder of day.

 

18 Sep

        0700 hrs: B Coy, after inflicting some casualties, were heavily mortared and all vehicles were destroyed by 1400 hrs.  All communications with Bn were cut off, but some messages reached D Coy by wireless.  After houses had caught fire in coy area the coy were ordered to withdraw towards HEELSUM 6477 by main road.  However, being almost surrounded the coy were forced to move along North bank of NEDER RIJN leaving all supporting arms behind, with the exception of MMGs which were carried out.

        By 1700 hrs the coy had reached 648776 and were held up by mortar fire, but eventually passed through C Coy at 665780 on way to Phase II posn.  D Coy were mortared and attacks by enemy pls throughout the day, but repulsed all attacks with help of Lt Bty firing on LAURA 6378.

        At 1100 hrs LZ 'Z' was bombed and machine gunned by 30 ME 109 and at 1500 hrs second glider lift started to come in.  MG 34s opened up from LAURA, but were silenced by mortar and MMG fire from C Coy.  Some casualties were incurred in the gliders when unloading.

        At 1900 hrs Bn moved off LZ 'Z' to Phase II posn.  Many gliders by this time were in flames.  All gliders had now arrived, including those missing from first day, with the exception of the CO.

 

19 Sep

        By 0515 hrs the Bn was dug in at the following positions with 5 A tk guns from 2 S Staffords and 2 x 17 pdr guns from Bde HQ under comd.

Bn HQ

A Coy

B Coy

C Coy

D Coy

in house at 682785

in area GRAFTOMBE 6878

in area WEG 6877

astride main rd at 679784

in area high ground ZILVERENBERG 6778

        Bn posn was fairly quiet to 1900 hrs with reports from wireless and Recce Sqn that enemy forces were forming up in area of HEELSUM and NOERDBERG 6476.  Bn HQ was strafed by 12 ME 109 at 1500 hrs with no casualties inflicted, and at 1600 hrs re-supply was carried out by RAF, many panniers being picked up in Bn posn.  At 1730 hrs Bn HQ moved to house and woods at 690783.  All coy posns were attacked at approx 1900 hrs, but all attacks were repulsed.

        By 2245 B, C and D Coys were in new posns at

B Coy

C Coy

D Coy

one pl at 685770 - remainder in area X-rds 688772

area KOUDE HERBERG X-rds 6878

area road 686775

        Remainder of night active patrols were carried out with nothing to report.

 

20 Sep

        From 0600 hrs the Bn posn was subjected to mortar and shell fire throughout the day.  A Coy were attacked by infantry and one SP gun at 1000 hrs, but attack was repulsed.  C Coy drove off two attacks in the morning.  At 1500 hrs two flame thrower tanks and one SP gun with infantry attacked C Coy who were forced to withdraw, but counter-attacked and regained their posns.  At 1730 hrs re-supply was carried out by RAF and panniers etc were collected from Bn area.  At 1930 hrs C Coy were again heavily attacked, but enemy were driven off.  B and D Coys had heavy shell and mortar fire, but otherwise nothing to report.  A quiet night with occasional mortar fire of nuisance value only.

 

21 Sep

        From 0530 hrs northern part of Bn posn, including A and C Coys and Bn HQ were heavily shelled.  Mortar fire caused many casualties, but our arty fire broke up all attempts by enemy to attack.  D Coy re-pulsed infantry and tank attacks with the aid of the Lt Bty.  B Coy posn at 685770 was heavily attacked at 0900 hrs and after three tanks had been destroyed, the enemy forced a platoon off the high ground, and the remainder of the coy, after an unsuccessful counter attack, were forced back to house at HEMELSCHE BERG 689776 and wood at 693774.  Two platoons from HQ Coy under OC HQ Coy were sent to stabilise the situation.  The coy regained some lost ground, and re-formed on forward edge of wood at 692774 to the house and clearing at HEMELSCHE BERG.  OC B Coy and a party of approx two pls in strength moved in direction of X-rds at 688772 and all contact with them was lost.  Nothing further was heard of this party of the remainder of the operation.  At 1900 hrs attacks were made on A and C Coy posns, but were driven off.  Remainder of night was quiet except for mortar and occasional shell fire.  Food getting very short - one box of Compo per coy issued - the last in Bn reserve.

 

22 Sep

        From 0545 hrs the Bn area was the target of all types of mortar and shell fire including that from SP guns.  All vehicles, less two jeeps and one motor-cycle at Bn HQ were destroyed.  At 0910 hrs a direct hit on Bn amn dump caused considerable damage, and the fire enabled accurate registration by enemy mortars so that any movement from slit trenches resulted in casualties.  At 1200 hrs the acting 2IC took a composite force of Border and S Staffords men to B Coy position to clear woods and hold the South-Western approach to the Divisional area.  This force was known as "Breeseforce".  The Glider Pilot Regt formed a second defence line from "Breeseforce" West of D Coy posn, and contacted C Coy's Southern flank.  A and C Coys fought off many attacks during day, medium and heavy artillery of Second Army being of considerable help.  At 1600 hrs D Coy reported posn as almost surrounded, and only two offrs and 35 OR still capable of fighting.  There was no withdrawal.  Food, amn and supplies were almost non-existent.  There were no attacks on Bn posn after 1930 hrs, but mortar and shell fire continued throughout the night.

 

23 Sep

        By 0200 hrs A Coy had been reinforced by 14 men from Div reserve to replace men sent with "Breeseforce", and were linked to C Coy by a small party of RE.  At 0520 hrs the whole Bn posn was the target for very heavy mortar and shellfire and this continued till approx 1200 hrs when A and C Coys were attacked in strength by infantry and SP guns, and flame-thrower tanks.  The North flank of A Coy was turned, all officers wounded, and situation very grave.  One pl from area Bn HQ under Mortar Gp Comd helped to stem the enemy advance, and by 1530 hrs A Coy were back in original posns.  C Coy beat off enemy attacks, and by 1920 hrs situation was almost normal.  All coys had considerable casualties, and D Coy were reduced to 25 all ranks.  Patrols could not contact the coy owing to enemy infiltration into woods, and wireless was only source of communication.  All vehicles had been destroyed, so no further evacuation of wounded from RAP to MDS was possible.  The re-supply at 1715 hrs was NOT successful.  The night was very quiet, but active patrols could not contact D Coy.  30 Poles from South of River reinforced South flank of C Coy during day.

 

24 Sep

        Except for mortar fire and occasional shelling there was nothing of importance to report.  The enemy made no determined attacks except against A and C Coys at 1905 hrs, which were both repulsed.  No food left, Bn amn reserve down to 2,500 rds .303.  C Coy now using approx 50% enemy arms and amn.  D Coy reduced to 19 all ranks.

 

25 Sep

        From 0600 hrs enemy mortar and shell fire were prelude to attacks on A and C Coys.  Arty fire again broke up these attacks before they could penetrate coy areas.  At 1330 hrs CO was informed of Div plan to withdraw all troops to South bank of NEDER RIJN under protection of "Breeseforce" and the Dorset Regiment, who had crossed the river during the night.  At 1530 hrs a message was received from D Coy that enemy were putting in a heavy attack on their posn.  Nothing was heard of this coy after 1600 hrs when posn was being overwhelmed by greatly superior enemy force.  At 2000 hrs recce party set off to the river to establish a Bn RV.  At approx 2200, after very heavy shellfire, A Coy were attacked by infantry.  Troops on Northern flank of B Coy had already withdrawn towards river, so it was decided to send off Bn HQ, S Coy and all walking wounded from RAP, starting at 2240, with A and C Coys holding posns till 2250, and 2300 hrs respectively.  C Coy put in an attack at 2300 hrs, and started to withdraw at 2310, and were in Bn rearguard party.  The move South through the woods was carried out under shell fire, but all troops reached the "flats" at 693773 without further casualties.  The discipline of the Bn was beyond praise, especially during the long wait on the "flats".

 

26 Sep

        By 0500 hrs the enemy were directing heavy fire on North bank of "flats" with MGs and Mortars and guns.  The last known men from the Bn swam across the river at 0515 hrs.  Tps made their own way along marked route to MDS at LIENDEN 6870 from whence they were taken by vehicles to NIJMEGEN for food and rest.  By 1800 hrs the Bn was collected under one roof.  Bn strength was 9 offrs and 241 ORs.  At NIJMEGEN it was learnt that the one missing glider with the CO had landed safely by ESCAUT CANAL, and that CO had crossed to the North bank of NEDER RIJN with the Dorset Regiment.

 

All Map References are taken from

        (i) HOLLAND  1:25000  GINKEL  Sheet 388 1st edition 1943.

        (ii) HOLLAND  1:25000 ARNHEM  Sheet 6 NW 1st edition 1944.

 

[Signed]

Comd 1st Bn The Border Regiment.

APO England

3 Oct 44.

 

 

Appendix

Operation "MARKET"

1 Border Intelligence Summary No.6

 

        1.  GENERAL ENEMY SITUATION:  This was given in Intelligence Summary No.5 dated 12 Sep 44 and as yet there is no information about more recent developments.  A map showing the known British and German dispositions along the Albert Canal is on view in the Secret room.

        2.  ENEMY IN "MARKET" AREA:  There is no doubt that the whole "Market" area is being feverishly prepared for defence, but activity is greatest in the NIJMEGEN region, and though ARNHEM is receiving due attention, the area in which the Airldg Bde is to operate is almost entirely free from known enemy ground forces.  Before last June the area ARNHEM - ZWOLLE - AMERSFOORT was an important trg area, particularly for armd and motorised tps, incl SS and Herman Goering rft units.  The HQ for Pz trg was at ZWOLLE, which was also the location of 20 Mobile Bde controlling seven mob bns.  The whole area might contain 15,000 tps, of which perhaps 8,000 would be concentrated in EDE 5785 and ARNHEM: these break down as follows (figures are maxima):-

EDE:

 

 

ARNHEM:

Inf Bks

Arty Bks

Labour Camp

Willem III Bks (745778)

Mermo van Cochoorn Bks (757786)

Larenstein Bks, Velp (780785)

Saxen Weimar Bks (758799)

Arnhem Garrison

- 1900 Inf (one regt)

- ?2000 men (one regt) (There have been SS mot arty in these bks)

- ?1000 men (at LANGENBERG 5984).

- 700 tps.

- 1400 tps.

- 1400 tps (Two fd bns of SS tps were here in Mar).

- 700 tps (SS Junior Leaders' School).

- 700 tps (lorry borne) of Inf Rfts Bn "Germania" (?SS)

        The major part of the above information is from Dutch official sources and reflects the situation as it existed prior to June.  Since June, however, it is likely that the training programmes have been thrown out of gear, and there has been considerable reshuffling of tps.  Train movements in the last week or two have been running West to East and NW to SE, indicating that some, at least, of the tps in NORTH HOLLAND have moved into GERMANY, while others have come down to ARNHEM - NIJMEGEN area, if not further.  Of the formations known to have been in the area, 347 Div from the Northern tip has gone to the battle, in part at least, 70 Div is in the GHENT area, and 719 Div is on the ALBERT CANAL; the SS and HQ units which were between them on the coast were reinforced by a further SS intake, with a Div HQ, which however immediately went off again to the SE; the bulk of the other units seem to have gone in the same direction some apparently staying in NIJMEGEN or possibly ARNHEM, while the identification of SS Landsturm Regts, LANGEMARCK and NEDERLAND in the battle gives a possible handle for others.  Meanwhile a reported concentration of 10,000 tps SW of ZWOLLE on 1 Sep may represent a battle scarred Pz Div or two reforming, or alternatively the result of emptying the ARNHEM and EDE barracks to make room for fighting tps; though a likely role for the training units would appear to be digging the WAAL line.

        To sum up: There is no direct, recent evidence on which to base an estimate of the tps in the immediate divisional area.  The capacity of the normal barracks in ARNHEM, VELP and EDE is nearly 10,000, and billeting possibilities are considerable; moreover ARNHEM itself, if the enemy's main defensive line is on the WAAL, will be a vital centre of his L of C, and will inevitably contain a number of troops which are out of the line; it will be strongly defended as soon as the line is manned, but at present may be emptier while the available tps are digging trenches or conducting their fighting withdrawal from the Albert Canal.

        4.  TOPOGRAPHY:

                (a) In the proposed landing area, which lies on the sand and gravel beds to the North of the RHINE, the soil is dark earth and peat and cross-country movement for all vehs is easy; this heath country, with a military training area in the middle of it (East of EDE), is comparable with the ALDERSHOT training area at LAFFIN'S PLAIN and LONG VALLEY.

                (b) The line marked 'under construction' running East-West at the bottom of the GINKEL and EDE map sheets, 5781, 6282, is an autobahn, which is not yet ready to take traffic.

                (c) The rly in the same area is double track, electrified, with the electric cables overhead; it runs in a cutting for a considerable part of its length.

                (d) The large building South of EDE at 5882 is the ENKA artificial silk factory.

        5.  BRIDGES AND FERRIES ETC (of interest chiefly to B Coy)

                (a) Ferry at RENKUM 623764 will take 8 jeeps.

                (b) Ferry at 646756 will take passengers only.

                (c) Ferry at 665757 will take passengers only.

                (d) Ferry at HEVEADORP 687768 will take 8 jeeps.

                (e) Rly br at 707764 has two large steel bowstring spans, masonry piers and embanked approaches.  One half span of it at present being moved into posn, and only one track is working at the moment.

                (f) Rd br 747768 (NOT SHOWN ON MAPS) has one 500' span, with steel elliptical arch and raised approaches.  Length 760 ft width of water 480 ft, width of rd 35 ft.  NOTE:  There is a good deal of flak in the area of the rly br, both on the ground and on flak barges.  This may affect B Coy in Phase II, and the defence over-print is on view in the Secret room.

                (g) Rd br 738774 is a military pontoon br and the rd is only 12' wide.  There are 18 pontoons, and the centre portion is moveable.  Length 600 ft, width of water 490 ft.

        6.  DEELEN AIRFD (7286)  The total of personnel on the airfd was estimated at 2,000 in July.  It is the main radar and fighter control centre for HOLLAND, and though it was bombed on 3 Sep and rendered unusable for a time, there is no evidence to show it is being abandoned.  All its known flak defences are East of easting 70, and out of range of our LZ.  The airfd is used for night fighters (Ju 88 and Do 17), Bombers (He 111) and fighters (FW 190).  A report dated Jul 44 states that approx 60 aircraft, of which 28 were night fighters, were based on the airfd at that time.  A number of the GAF offrs and WAAF are billeted in the Lunatic Asylum (Krankzinnigongescticht) at WOLFHEZEN 6680, which is being used by the MDS in Phase I.  There are 700 beds.

        7.  Additional infm about dumps, signals, hospitals, garages etc may be had on application to IO.

 

[Signed R.C. Hope-Jones] Lieut

IO 1st Bn The Border Regiment.

APO England

14 Sep 44

 

 

Appendix

1 Border Intelligence Summary No.7 - Op "MARKET"

 

        1.  ARNHEM.  The importance of ARNHEM is due to three factors:

                (a) It is the rly junc at which the main line from Germany to Holland meets the main line from the East to the West of Holland round the South of the ZUIDER ZEE, and is therefore an important centre of communications.

                (b) It is on a main supply route from the Germans now to the SW on the Albert Canal.

                (c) It is the southern pivot of the last possible line of defence in Holland that of the River IJSSEL which flows northwards from ARNHEM to the sea.

        2.  Estimate of enemy forces in ARNHEM area:

                (a) AA:  The AA defences of ARNHEM and of the airfd at DEELEN are now fairly strong with a total of 130 known Lt AA guns and 34 known heavy AA guns.  It is impossible to say whether this concentration of guns is designed to prevent our bombing the bridges at ARNHEM, or whether it is due to German appreciation of the possibility of an airborne operation in this area.  In any case the guns are not widely dispersed and it is doubtful whether any of them can fire at places in the area of the LZ.  The tps manning these AA guns will form the largest contingent of tps in the area, and if the guns are abandoned these tps may attempt to put in small counter-attacks.

                (b) Garrison tps:  In the previous summary mention was made of 5,000 tps in the barracks at EDE, and 3,000 in those at ARNHEM.  It is very unlikely that anything approaching these numbers will now be found as every available man has been taken either to the main battle area or to the line of the WAAL to construct defences.  The barrack staffs will presumably still be in the area, and may have a small number of tps at their disposal.  In addition if the barracks have been vacated by their normal garrisons they may be used for tps in transit, but in any case it is unlikely that they will be able to provide a serious threat.

                (c) Tps in transit:  Germans are being evacuated from the Channel ports and to a greater extent from ZEEBRUGGE.  Many of these are landing in Holland and then moving by road and rail SOUTH and SOUTH EAST back to Germany.  ARNHEM is on their main route, but any such tps are likely to be badly organised and equipped.

                (d) Tps on the IJSSEL:  Up to 20,000 tps are now trying to prepare the IJSSEL as a defensive line.  They may have remnants of a Pz Div with them, but it is improbable that they will be able to put in a counter attack before we are relieved by 30 Corps.

                (e) 30 Corps are convinced that we will meet with no organised resistance in the ARNHEM area.  The 25,000 German tps who are at present on the line of the Albert Canal may try and withdraw NE towards NIJMEGEN and ARNHEM, but if they do so they will run straight into the two American Airborne Divisions, and are not likely to trouble us.

        3.  Civil Affairs:  There are various resistance movements in Holland and vetted resistance groups will be issued with orange coloured armbands bearing the word "ORANJE" but improvised armbands may already be in their possession.  These may be of various colours but will all bear the word "ORANJE".  Leaders and representatives will be sent to Bn HQs for onward transmission to Div who will vet them.  Arms among resistance units and few and largely of German pattern which have been captured from German sources.

                Police:  In general it may be said that lower ranks of the police force will be thoroughly reliable, except that young policemen should be treated with suspicion.  Police found reliable by FSO will be issued with an armband striped vertically with orange and white, and with a black letter 'P'.  The normal Dutch police uniform is dark blue, with a high necked tunic and slacks.  The Germans have endeavoured to introduce a uniform of German pattern with field boots, but this is universally unpopular, and all policemen have their own uniforms ready to wear in case of Allied arrival.  The police force at the moment is disarmed, but police of Nazi sympathies retain their arms.  Possession of arms should not however be taken as an infallible sign of collaboration.

                A proclamation is being posted immediately after landing, on which a complete ban on civilian movement is ordered.  No civilians will be allowed to enter or leave the Divisional area.  This does not apply to members of resistance movements who have been vetted.

                Because of their close proximity to the German border patriotism of the Dutch is intensified, and 99% of the population are expected to be friendly and co-operative.

                SAS personnel who may be operating in the area, certain personnel from Special Force HQ who have been on special intelligence missions, and messengers bringing 'I' infm from resistance sources will all have different code-words which are known at Bn HQ but are not being circulated.  If unknown code-words are therefore given personnel concerned should be taken straight to Bn HQ.

        4.  STOP PRESS:  A new sortie has now been flown.  Additional points to note are:

                (a) Interpreters state that EDE barracks are occupied, possibly by OT tps engaged in the construction of defences.

                (b) Intense veh and horse-drawn activity in ARNHEM (? evacuation of dumps).

                (c) It is to be noted that the flak is very concentrated round the bridges and airfd and that the DZ and LZ are outside the range of the present sites of all the light flak and beyond the capacity of the hy.

 

[Signed R.C. Hope-Jones]

Lieut

IO 1st Bn The Border Regiment.

16 Sep 44

 

 

Appendix

NOT TO BE TAKEN INTO THE AIR.

1 Border OO No.1 Operation "MARKET"

 

14 Sep 44

Ref Maps:  1/25,000 GSGS 4427 Sheets GINKEL 388, EDE 387, REMEN 5NE and ARNHEM 6 NW

                  1/100,000 GSGS 2541 sheets 2 & 5.  4416 sheet F1.

 

INFM:

        1.  Enemy:  summary issued separately.

        2.  Own Tps:  General: Operation "MARKET" is a development of Op "COMET".  It envisages the use of three Airborne divs carrying out the same task as one Airborne div in "COMET".  1 Airborne Div is responsible for area ARNHEM.  82 American Airborne Div for area NIJMEGEN. and 101 American Airborne Div for area GRAVE, and adjacent brs.

        3.  Air Plan:  1 Airborne Div lands in three lifts:-

1st Lift:

 

 

 

 

2nd Lift:

 

 

3rd Lift:

H plus 45 mins 1 Para Bde

H hr 1 Air Ldg Bde (less certain sub units)

H hr 9 Fd Coy RE

H plus 19 mins 181 Fd Amb

H plus 19 onwards certain Div Tps

X hr 4 Para Bde

X plus 17 mins onwards remainder 1 Air Ldg Bde

X plus 32 mins onwards remainder Div Tps

Z hr 1 Polish Para Bde

Z plus 20 mins onwards 1 Polish Para Bde

DZ 'X'

LZ 'S'

LZ 'Z'

LZ 'S'

LZ 'Z'

DZ 'Y'

LZ 'S'

LZ 'X'

DZ 'K'

LZ 'L'

                (DZs and LZs which affect bn shown on attd trace)

        4.  Timings:  D Day is first day of op.  H hr is time of landing of 1st lift.  D plus 1 early morning 2nd lift lands X hr.  D plus 1 evening 3rd lift lands Z hr.

        5.  Tasks:

                (a) 1 Para Bde:

                        (i) Seize and hold ARNHEM and secure brs over the NEDER RIJN.

                        (ii) Occupy that portion of the town shown on trace attd.

                (b) 1 Airldg Bde:

                        (i) Cover the unloading of 1st and 2nd lifts.

                        (ii) After unloading of 2nd lift seize and occupy the sector of the town allotted.

                        (iii) Protect LZ for landing of 3rd lift gliders.

                (c) 4 Para Bde and 1 Polish Para Bde:  occupy sector of town allotted.

                (d) Outpost line and standing patrols will be pushed fwd as far as possible as for normal telescopic defence.

        6.  Recce Sqn:  Lands LZ 'Z' (1st lift) and seizes main br at ARNHEM.

        7.  Arty:  1 Lt Bty in sp 1 Air Ldg Bde with initial gun area 6779.

        8.  RE:  One tp 9 Fd Coy RE under comd 1 Air Ldg Bde.

        9.  GP:  one Bn under comd 1 Air Ldg Bde.

        10.  Bombline:

                (i) From h hr until 2nd lift plus 6 hrs:  785855 - 768852 - 750845 - 737845 - 730844 - 715845 - 708851 - 695852 - 676853 - 659853 - 639853 - 628853 - 613855.

                (ii) As from 2nd Lift plus 6 hrs (ie not before 1100 hrs D plus 1):  629852 - 629842 - 630321 - 628807 - 623788 - 616772 - 614759.

                        Prebriefed tgts will be engaged from D-1 to H hr.  These will incl barracks at EDE and WOLFHEZEN and all known flak.

        11.  1 Air Ldg Bde Plan:

                (a) General: Tasks are (i) Protect ldg of 2nd and 3rd Lifts.  (ii) occupy ARNHEM within bdys shown on attd trace.  These tasks will form two phases.

PHASE I

                (b) Tasks:

                        (i) 7 KOSB:

                                (a) Est strong coy gp at PLANKEN WAMBUIS 6683.

                                (b) Protect DZ 'Y' until 4 Para Bde are clear.

                        (ii) 1 Border:

                                (a) Est strong coy gp at RENKUM 6276.

                                (b) Protect DZ 'X' and LZ 'Z' until Div tps are clear.

                        (iii) 2 S Staffords:

                                (a) Seize and occupy WOLFHEZEN 6680.

                                (b) Protect LZ 'S'.

                        (iv) Glider Pilot Bn:

                                (a) Remain with units as far as unit RVs.

                                (b) RV under own arrangements thereafter and occupy EAST end of WOLFHEZEN.

PHASE II

                (c) Tasks:

                        (i) 7 KOSB:

                                (a) move as soon as 4 Para Bde are clear of DZ Y into bde res in area H on rd 7279.

                                (b) Protect LZ L until 1 Polish Para Bde gliders are clear with one coy gp.

                                (c) est post at rd and rly br 715780.

                                (d) dominate area bounded by pts H on rd 7279, X rds 726797, X rds 733785.

                        (ii) 1 Border:

                                (a) move on orders Bde HQ to occupy KOUDE HERBERG 6878.

                                (b) est post in HEVEADORP area.

                                (c) route along main RENKUM - ARNHEM rd.

                                (d) dominate area bounded on NORTH by main rd, on EAST by rly and on SOUTH by river with special reference to ferries.

                        (iii) 2 S Staffords:

                                (a) move as soon as joined by own 2nd lift to occupy area to include H on rd at 7080 and rd junc 713798.

                                (b) est post at rd junc 717806 to contact 4 Para Bde.

                                (c) route along rd N of rly through JOHANNA HOEVE 6980.

                        (iv) Glider Pilots:

                                (a) move on orders Bde HQ along rd NORTH of rly to occupy wood 697787 with posts from HALTE X rds 699792 to main rd at 696784.

                                (b) dominate the area bounded on the NORTH by the rly, on the EAST by the rly and on the SOUTH by the main rd.

                (d) RE:

                        (a) one Pl 9 Fd Coy under comd 1 Air Ldg Bde - primary task rd blocks on main EDE - ARNHEM rd in area 2 S Staffords during Phase II.

                        (b) the tasks of the remainder incl (i) seizing and holding rly br at 7076.  (ii) removal of all boats to NORTH bank of NEDER RIJN.

 

INTENTION

        12.  1 Border will

                (a) Protect DZ 'K' and LZ 'Z' until Div tps are clear.

                (b) thereafter occupy area KOUDE HERBERG.

 

METHOD

        13.  Landing Plan:

                (a) Bn RV - SE Corner of wood 649811 - see attd trace.  Coys will NOT have independent assembly areas.  Glider loads will move independently direct to the Bn RV where they will be directed to Coy areas on arrival.  Coys will then be despatched independently to their allotted areas (see trace attd for Phase 1).

PHASE I:

        14.  Rifle Coy Areas:  see attd trace.  In addition B Coy will be responsible for seizing and holding ferry at RENKUM 623764.

        15.  S Coy:  Sub units will be placed under comd of rifle coys as follows:- (Sub units join coys at Bn RV)

                (a) MMG Gp:  one sec per rifle coy.

                (b) A tk Gp:  two dets per rifle coy.

                (c) Mortar Gp:  (i) Two secs to B Coy.  (ii) Two secs to A Coy.  (iii) One sec to each D & C Coys.

PHASE II (when ordered).

        16.  Rifle Coy areas:  see attd trace.  In addition B Coy will be responsible for seizing and holding ferry at 687767.

        17.  S Coy:

                (a) MMG Gp:  (i) One sec in sp C Coy for use in outpost posn.  (ii) One pl in sp A Coy in area pt 63.5 6878.  (ii) One sec in sp D Coy in area pt 63.2.

                (b) A tk Gp:  Two dets in sp each rifle coy.

                (c) Mortar Gp:  (i) One sec under comd B Coy.  (ii) One sec under comd C Coy.  (iii) Remainder under comd Gp Comd in area of wood NORTH of rd in 687784.  Probable DF tasks later.

        18.  Patrols:  Area of responsibility as shown on trace attd.  A Coy will be prepared to provide any special patrols which may be required.

        19.  Recce:  If the situation permits 2IC and one offr per coy with protection party of one sec found by C Coy will recce Bn posn for Phase II before move takes place.

        20.  Pnr Pl:  Be prepared to assist B, C & D Coys in the construction of rd blocks and removal of any enemy mines.

 

ADM:

        21.  Resup:  SDP (i) LZ 'L' at X plus 10 hrs.  (ii) SOUTH OF HOOGERF 7180 from Z plus 30 onwards.

        22.  Med:

                (a) Cas on all LZs and DZs will be evacuated to 181 Fd Amb in WOLFHEZEN until Phase II.

                (b) A Phase II MDS will be est in 1 Airldg Bde sector of the town in a hospital to be recced.

                (c) RAP will be near Bn HQ in both phases.

        23.  Amn:  Tpt pl jeeps and trailers will be called to Bde HQ in Phase II.

        24.  POW:  may have to be held by coys in Phase I.

        25.  Civilians:

                (a) As for Op "COMET".

                (b) Dep Comd 1 Airldg Bde has been appointed Town Comdt and will control all I(b) matters.

        26.  Tpt:  Every effort will be made to acquire all available tpt to replace handcarts and make Bn mobile.

 

INTERCOMN:

        27.  WT:  open on landing.

        28.  Line:  will be laid in Phase II.

        29.  Pigeon messages:  will be addsd to "HQ Br Airborne Tps (rear)"

        30.  Recognition:

                (a) as for Op "COMET".

                (b) 21 Indep Para Coy will display yellow smoke and triangles if engaged on the LZ.

                (c) Triangles will be shown to all br a/c operating overhead.

        31.  Passwords:  as for Op "COMET".

        32.  HQs:

                (a) Div:  (i) Lands on LZ Z.  (ii) RV track junc 657797.  (iii) Moves by main rd WAGENINGEN - ARNHEM.  (iv) Opens at ARTILLERIE PARK 7378 on arrival.

                (b) Bde:  (i) RV WOLFHEZEN.  (ii) Moves along 2 S Staffords route.  (iii) est in KOEPEL 7179 on arrival.

                (c) Bn:  Phase I - JONKERS HOEVE 6479.  Phase II - in D Coy's area.

 

[Signed T. Haddon] Lt Col

Comd 1st Bn The Border Regt.