Abbreviations

765528

A/B

Bde

Bty

C
Div

GAF

GOC

IO
LZ

MR

RA

Regt
RV

SP

SSM

Map Reference

Airborne

Brigade

Battery

Command

Division

German Air Force

General Officer Commanding

Intelligence Officer

Landing Zone

Map Reference

Royal Artillery

Regiment

Rendezvous

Self-Propelled

Squadron Sergeant Major

 

 

Month and year: September 1944

Commanding Officer : Major S.C. Griffith

 

1st September 1944

Place: Base

 

Loading commenced for Operation "LINNET".

 

2nd September 1944

Place: Base

 

Crews briefed for Operation "LINNET".  Flight plan altered.

 

2130 - Operation cancelled.

 

3rd September 1944

Place: Base

 

1 WACO Glider lift by 295 Squadron.  Squadron Commander and I.O. briefed for Operation.  Operation cancelled.

 

4th September 1944

Place: Base

 

Normal routine.

 

5th September 1944

Place: Base

 

Normal routine.

 

6th September 1944

Place: Base

 

1530 - 18 crews briefed by Commander Glider Pilots for "Coupe de Main" Operation.

 

1730 - Squadron Command and I.O. briefed for Operation.

 

7th September 1944

Place: Base

 

1130 - 10 WACO Crews under Lieut. P.B. Clarke and 22 Horsa crews of "A" Squadron under Lieut. E.J. Markwick despatched to MANSTON.

 

1600 - 72 Crews under Captain R.K. Cross and 20 crews under Captain I.N.G. Hardie briefed for landing on L.Z. "Z".

 

2300 - Operation postponed for 24 hours.

 

8th September 1944

Place: Base

 

2000 - Operation postponed for 24 hours.

 

9th September 1944

Place: Base

 

Operation postponed for 24 hours.

 

10th September 1944

Place: Base

 

Normal Routine.  8 lifts - 4 hrs 20 mins.

 

11th September 1944

Place: Base

 

Normal Routine.  22 lifts - 14 hrs 15 mins.  3 gliders landed at Abingdon due to poor visibility.

 

12th September 1944

Place: Base

 

Normal Routine.  17 day and 14 night lifts.  Total time 24 hrs 55 mins.  3 gliders retrieved from Abingdon.  Sgt. Yeoman made a heavy landing during night flying and broke nose wheel.

 

13th September 1944

Place: Base


Normal Routine.  12 lifts - 7 hrs 5 mins.  8 crews attached for Coup de Main in operation Comet returned to their bases.

 

14th September 1944

Place: Base

 

Normal Routine.  15 lifts - 7 hrs 45 mins.  Gliders ferried to Keevil, 1 force landed at Upavon.  3 crews returned from Tarrant Rushton.

 

15th September 1944

Place: Base

 

9 gliders ferried to Keevil.  Crews remained for Operation at Keevil.  12 crews to Tarrant Rushton and 12 returned.  17 Flight complete at Tarrant Rushton.

 

16th September 1944

Place: Base

 

Preparation for Operation.  Briefing etc.

 

17th September 1944

Place: Base

 

47 gliders took off for Holland on Operation MARKET.

 

18th September 1944

Place: Base

 

15 gliders took off on Operation MARKET.  1 crashed on take off.

 

19th - 28th September 1944

Place: Base

 

Normal Routine.

 

29th September 1944

Place: Base

 

40 pilots returned from Operation MARKET.

 

30th September 1944

Place: Base

 

Pilots returned from Operation MARKET proceeded on leave.

 

 

"A" Squadron Element Attached to 1st Airborne Division at Arnhem

 

Commander : Flight Command 1 Flight, Capt I.N.G. Hardie

 

17th September 1944

Place: Base

 

1110 - 12 Gliders took off on Operation Market for ARNHEM.

 

Place: Holland, M.R. 1:25000, Sheet 388, 648804

 

1340 - Gliders landed on L.Z.  All Glider Pilots proceeded to RV at 649791 and took up defensive position with Light Regt. R.A. [Quiet night?]

 

18th September 1944

Place: 649791

 

Gun site attacked by G.A.F.  Machine guns & sniper activity.

 

1700 - 2nd lift landed.

 

2000 - Bty moved to new gun position 685785.

 

19th September 1944

Place: 685785

 

Slight German air and ground activity.  100 tanks & 200 SS reported moving towards area.

 

20th September 1944

Place: 685785

 

Engaged enemy S.P. guns and following infantry intermittently throughout the day.  Medium shelling by 88 + 105 guns & mortars.

 

1200 - Capt Hardie killed.  S/Sgt Barnett, S/Sgt Clayton, S/Sgt [Rickman?] wounded whilst on patrol.  S/Sgt Haughton also wounded.  Shelled during night.

 

21st September 1944

Place: 685785

 

Intermittent shelling & mortaring throughout the day.  Engaged enemy tanks & infantry.  1 S.P. gun knocked out.  Bde H.Q. moved to Gun position.

 

22nd September 1944

Place: 685785

 

Enemy infantry reported moving from ARNHEM.  Intermittent shelling & mortaring.

 

23rd September 1944

Place: 685785

 

Heavy shelling of area.  Many German snipers infiltrated into the area.

 

24th September 1944

Place: 685785

 

Very heavy mortaring all day.  Attacks by S.P. guns & infantry.

 

25th September 1944

Place: 685785

 

0500 - Enemy tanks, motor cycles & infantry moving up for attack.  Gun position attacked by 2 Mk V tanks, S.P. guns and infantry.  1 Mk V tank knocked out.  Attacks throughout day.

 

1800 - Bde conference.

 

2100 - Withdrew from position and proceeded to river bank at 688767.  Ferried across river by DUWKS & marched to [?]

 

26th September 1944

Place: Nijmegen

 

0600 - Arrived at Nijmegen.

 

27th September 1944

Place: Nijmegen


Day spent resting.

 

28th September 1944

Place: Nijmegen

 

0930 - Departed for BRUSSELS.  Night spent in Barracks.

 

29th September 1944

Place: Brussels

 

Departed by DAKOTAS and landed at HARWELL.

 

30th September 1944

Place: Base

 

Crews departed on 14 days leave.

 

 

"A" Squadron Element Attached to HQ, 1st British Airborne Corps

at Nijmegen

 

17th September 1944

Place: Base

 

1120 - First of 35 Gliders carrying A/B Corps HQ airborne on Operation "MARKET".

 

Place: Bruuk, Holland. M.R. Sheet N.W. 1:25000 - 765528.  Corps HQ.

 

1400 - 33 Gliders landed on L.Z.  S/Sjt Davidson & Sjt Davies injured in crashed-landing.  Captain W.L.Tallentire and Sjt Riversidge[?] landed in sea.  S/Sjt Campbell & Sjt Monk missing.

 

1430 - Crews moved to Corps HQ. RV at wood 746533 to defend Corps HQ.

 

1930 - Corps HQ moved to 738536.  Quiet night.

 

18th September 1944

Place: Corps HQ

 

Quiet day.  Slight shelling.  Squadron Commander & SSM visited GRAVE with GOC.

 

1400 - Landing of 400 WACO Gliders carrying elements of 82 US A/B Div.

 

19th September 1944

Place: Corps HQ

 

1100 - Corps HQ moved to KLUIS WOOD 573574.  Leading elements of GUARDS ARMOURED DIVISION met.

 

1400 - Strafing by German fighters.  Attack on NIJMEGEN Bridge by Guards failed.

 

20th September 1944

Place: Corps HQ

 

Quiet morning.  Corps HQ moved to 727600.  Patrol sent out under Lieut. H.K. Shapman to hunt German sniper.  Unsuccessful.

 

1600 - Guards Div. and 82 US A/B Div captured NIJMEGEN bridge intact.

 

21st September 1944

Place: Corps HQ

 

Quiet day.  Lieut. J.W. Urquhart and party collected mail dropped by Spitfires on strip at 573574.

 

22nd September 1944

Place: Corps HQ

 

Quiet day.  Lieut. Urquhart and party again collected mail.

 

23rd September 1944

Place: Corps HQ

 

Rained hard during previous night.  Squadron moved into house next door to Corps HQ.

 

25th September 1944

Place: Corps HQ

 

Quiet day.  During night 25/26 1st British A/B Div. evacuated from ARNHEM to NIJMEGEN.  Party of Glider Pilots to GRAVE airstrip to prepare for landing of Dakotas.

 

26th September 1944

Place: Corps HQ

 

Party of Glider Pilots sent to strip at GRAVE.  190 Dakotas successfully landed and took off again.

 

27th September 1944

Place: Corps HQ

 

1st A/B Div. departed for UK.  No more Dakotas to land at GRAVE strip owing to increased activity by G.A.F.

 

28th September 1944

Place: Corps HQ

 

Quiet day.  GOC promised relief party to take over defence of Corps HQ.

 

29th September 1944

Place: Corps HQ

 

Field Marshal Montgomery, GOC in C 21 Army Group visited Corps HQ.  Guard of Honour provided by "A" Squadron.

 

30th September 1944

Place: Corps HQ

 

Quiet day.  Squadron stood to all night expecting large scale German attack.  Attack beaten off by 82 US Div.

 

1930 - Several incendiary bombs dropped in area.  House 300 yards from Corps HQ burned out.