National Archives catalogue number WO 171/964.

 

Abbreviations

121420

700830

AA

A/B

Adm

Adv

Airfd

A/L

Amb

AOP

Armd

Arr

Arty

A Tk

Att

Bde

Bdge

Bdy

Bks

BLA

BMRA

Bn

Br

BSM

Bty

CL

Coldm

Comd

Conc

Conf

Coy

CRA

Det

Div

DR

DZ

Elt

Excl

Fd

Flt
Fmn

FOO

FOU

Fwd

Gds

Gen

GOC

Gp

Gren

H

HAA

HCR

Hy

Incl

Inf

Infm

Int

Junc

LAA

LO

Locn

Lt

LZ

MDS

Med

MG

Mls

N

OC

Offr

O Group

OO

Op

OR

Outstas

Pk

Posn

Pr

RA

RASC

Rd

Regt

Rly

RV

S
SA

Sec

Sig

Sit

Sitrep

Sp

Sqn

Sup

Svy

TCP

Tp
Tpt

U/Comd

Veh

Vtm

W

WG

X rds

12th September, 1420 hrs

Map Reference

Anti-Aircraft

Airborne

Administration

Advance

Airfield

Airlanding

Ambulance

Air Observation Post

Armoured

Arrived

Artillery

Anti-Tank

Attached

Brigade

Bridge

Boundary

Barracks

British Liberation Army

Brigade Major Royal Artillery

Battalion

British / Bridge

Battery Sergeant Major

Battery

Centre Line

Coldstream

Commander

Concentrate

Conference

Company

Commander Royal Artillery

Detachment

Division

Despatch Rider

Drop Zone

Element

Exclude

Field

Flight

Formation

Forward Observation Officer

Forward Observation Unit

Forward

Guards

General

General Officer Commanding

Group

Grenadier

Hussars

Heavy Anti-Aircraft

Household Cavalry Regiment

Heavy

Include

Infantry

Information

Intelligence

Junction

Light Anti-Aircraft

Liaison Officer

Location

Light

Landing Zone

Main Dressing Station

Medium

Machine Gun

Miles

Northumbrian

Officer Commanding

Officer

Orders Group

Operation Order

Operation / Observation Post (if upper case)

Other Ranks

Outstations

Park

Position

Pounder

Royal Artillery

Royal Army Service Corps

Road

Regiment

Railway

Rendezvous

Scottish

Small Arms

Section

Signal

Situation

Situation Report

Support / Self-Propelled (if upper case) / Start Point

Squadron

Supply

Survey

Traffic Control Post

Troop

Transport

Under Command

Vehicle

Vehicles to the Mile

Welsh

Welsh Guards

Crossroads

 

 

Month and year: September 1944

Commanding Officer : Major D.R. Wight-Boycott

 

1st September 1944

Down Ampney and Fairford airfields gliders loaded.  Maj Wight Boycott ordered to Northolt to meet CRA 1 Airborne (by plane), ordered by CRA to fly to Grantham to liaise with Polish Para Bde.  Returned Down Ampney 1800 hrs having arranged for Polish L.O.s to join at Down Ampney following day.

 

2nd September 1944

Operation "Linnet" cancelled approx 1600 hrs.  O.C. informed of new op being planned in MAASTRICHT area.  This was cancelled about 2100 hrs.

 

5th September 1944

OC ordered to report to CRA at Moor Park with full kit ready to fly to Brussels to join 30 Corps.

 

6th September 1944

Maj Wight Boycott flew to AMIENS from Northolt arriving 1030 hrs - on to Brussels to join RA 30 Corps.  Maj W.B. attended 2 Army conf at 1400 hrs.  BGS 30 Corps explain a plan - 30 Corps not yet on stop line ESCAUT CANAL.  D day 8 Sept.  O.C. contacted Capt Braithwaite, Lts Meigh & Hewat who were L.Os to Regts RA.

 

7th September 1944

OC moved to join RA Gds Armd at Diest.  LOs attached Braithwaite to 419 Hy Bty RA; Hewat to 153 Fd; Meigh to 84 Med.

 

8th September 1944

Seaborne element contacted by O.C. in LOUVAIN.  Op "FIFTEEN" to be known as "COMET".

 

10th September 1944

O.C. contacted LOs & found liaison was going well.  Op "COMET" cancelled.  Transit camps Down Ampney etc unsealed.

 

11th September 1944

O.C. and BSM Grundy joined HQ RA Gds Armd 4 mls S of ESCAUT.  O.C. met Bty Comd 419 Hy Bty.

 

12th September 1944

Planning for Op "MARKET" began.

 

13th September 1944

O.C. attended 2 Army conf LOUVAIN.  Heard details of Op "MARKET" (Airborne) GARDEN (2 Army).  O.C. met CRA 1 A/B Div.

 

14th September 1944

OC accompanied GOC & CRA 1 A/B on visit to 30 Corps HQ.  Lashing gear was drawn for gliders for Op "MARKET" (DOWN AMPNEY).

 

15th September 1944

Gliders loaded Op "MARKET".  CRA's O Group Moor Park attended by Capt McMillen acting O.C.

 

16th September 1944

Capt Braithwaite now LO to 55 Fd Regt RA.  3 USA L.Os from 101 USA A/B Div attached with existing 3 FOU L.Os.

 

17th September 1944

D day Op "MARKET".  1st lift took off approx 0745 hrs.  Capt Kennedy's glider took off but force landed in U.K. with broken tow rope.  About 1430 hrs OC w/t set commenced tuning & netting calls to 101 A/B.

 

18th September 1944

Capts O'Grady, IKIN, KENNEDY, GILMAN took off in gliders in 2nd lift for ARNHEM at approx 1130 hrs.  Quite a smooth flight, good fighter cover.  Capts O'Grady & Ikin landed on LZ approx 4 mls NW of rd ARNHEM-HEELSUM at approx 1515 hrs.  LZ being mortared & machine gunned.  The whole FOU HQ glider load was intact & very little difficulty was experienced in unloading the jeep & trailer.  Capt O'Grady reported to CRA at RV & was conducted to HQ RA.  Approx 1730 hrs Capts O'Grady & Ikin ordered by CRA 1 A/B to proceed as FOU with "C" Coy Border Regt (1 A/L Bde) advance on HEELSUM approx 4-5 mls W of ARNHEM.  Advance held up by MG fire for a while - enemy posns located too dangerous to engage with arty fire owing to close proximity of own tps.  Returned to HQ RA approx 0130 hrs.

 

19th September 1944

Spasmodic shelling of Div HQ.  Capt O'Grady & 3 sigs manned FOU 19 HP set & tried to make contact across the Rhine with Maj W.B. (O.C.) with adv. element Gds Armd.  Shelling continued, having airburst effect due to area being surrounded with trees.

 

20th September 1944

Capt IKIN wounded in leg (ARNHEM) evacuated MDS.  G2 RA Airborne Corps visited Rear FOU HQ (NIJMEGEN AREA).  O.C. learned at Airborne Corps W/T communication established with 1 A/B Div.  O.C. moved fwd to area 153 Fd Regt (Gds Armd) & erected 48' aerial to try & make contact with FOU HQ across Rhine (Arnhem).  No luck.

 

21st September 1944

O.C. & rear FOU HQ moved fwd to NIJMEGEN Bdge area.

 

22nd September 1944

O.C. & Lt Hewat att themselves to 147 Fd & Capt Braithwaite to 64 MED RA.  Lt Meigh with 94 Fd Regt as 43 Div were to go thro' Gds Armd posns.  O.C. make W/T contact with HQ RA 1 A/B Div & did 4 shoots for them.  BSM Grundy wounded in left leg by shrapnel - Evacuated.

 

23rd September 1944

O.C. in contact with 1 A/B again - did two or three shoots & passed them a long sitrep.

 

24th September 1944

No W/T communication with RA 1 A/B.  O.C. moved fwd to 112 Fd Regt RA area (approx 3000x from DRIEL) - still no W/T contact.

 

25th September 1944

No contact yet - O.C. moved further fwd with 19 HP set to DRIEL.  O.C. returned [?] to 43 Div HQ & was informed of "BERLIN" (1 A/B withdrawal).  O.C. returned to DRIEL with Sgt Cartwright.  Capt. O'Grady, Whimister, Caird, McMillen & Gilman & 8 FOU (A/B) personnel crossed Lower Rhine with remnants of 1 A/B Div to DRIEL then by tpt to NIJMEGEN (arr about 0630 hrs).

 

26th September 1944

O.C. contacted A/B FOU remnants NIJMEGEN.  O.C. accompanied CRA 1 A/B to 64 Med RA & 30 Corps.  Sea Borne tail harboured at NIJMEGEN.  Roll call AM by Capt O'Grady of A/B FOU - only 5 offrs + 8 ORs accounted for.

 

27th September 1944

LOs to Fd Regts 43 Div recalled.  HQ RA 1 A/B & FOU concentrated at NIJMEGEN.

 

28th September 1944

Moved back to LOUVAIN - Div concentrated at Bks LOUVAIN.

 

29th September 1944

1 FOU less A/B party u/comd Capt Braithwaite 3 offrs + 29 ORs - ordered to Brussels Airfield.  Took off in DAKOTAS landed BARKESTON HEATH Drome 1900 hrs approx.  1 FOU spent night after party at aerodrome in a hangar.

 

30th September 1944

1 FOU in RASC tpt moved to RA concentration area BOSTON.  Documentation commenced.

 

 

Appendix

Operation MARKET

Notes on CRA's Orders given on 12 Sep.

 

Ref maps GSGS 1/100,000 Holland and Germany Sheets 2, 5 and P.1,

                          1/25,000 Holland Sheets 388 and 6 NW.

 

NOT TO BE TAKEN IN THE AIR.

 

METHOD.

        1.  Lt Arty

                (i) Allotment

                        1st Lift:- 1 Lt Regt less 2 Bty under comd CRA on landing.

                                      1 Lt Bty in sp 1 A/L Bde.

                                      3 Lt Bty in sp 1 Para Bde.

                        2nd Lift:- 1 Lt Regt complete under comd CRA on landing.

                                       2 Lt Bty in sp 4 Para Bde.

                (ii) OPs and FOOs.

                        1st Lift:-

                                1 Para Bde:- 1 Para Bn   1 FOO from 1 FOU, 1 OP from 3 Lt Bty

                                                     2 Para Bn )

                                                     3 Para Bn )    each 2 FOOs from 1 FOU, One Tp Comd with Bn Comd

                                                     In addition two FOOs with 22 sets on 1 Lt Bty comd net for deployment as ordered by OC 3 Lt Bty.

                                1 A/L Bde:- Normal allotment.

                        2nd Lift:-

                                4 Para Bde:- Normal allotment.

                                1 Para Bde:- After occupation main posn by whole Div, normal allotment.  Surplus FOOs revert comd CRA for deployment with Polish Bde.

                (iii) Zones of Observation.

                        1st Lift:-

                                3 Lt Bty:- (a) FOOs with 2 and 3 Bns will gain observation on AA guns SOUTH of R RHINE and EAST of ARNHEM - as shown on Flak traces (issued later).  (b) FOOs with 1 Para Bn, after capture of ARNHEM, will establish OPs on features B and A covering approaches from NORTH and NE.

                                1 Lt Bty:- Will send two OPs with 3 Para Bn to posns on features C and B to cover zone NW with particular reference to AA posns 700830 and 690853.  Remaining OPs to include one with each A/L Bde post at:-

                                        PLANKEN WAMBUIS )

                                        RENKUM 6276              ) covering approaches from the WEST.

                        2nd Lift:- Occupation of main posn.  Bde boundaries will be the dividing line of zones of observation between Btys.  OPs will be established on the main features as shown on Trace B to cover Bde sectors.

                (iv) Gun Area.

                        1st Lift:- Lt Regt: 674788.  3 Lt Bty will move, as soon as advance of 1 Para Bde allows, to gun posn at 687774, and thence to gun posn at 712777.

                        2nd Lift:- Lt Regt gun area:- 7177.

                (v) DF and SOS.

                        SOS signal:- RED - GREEN - RED.

        2.  FOU.

                (i) Arty support from outside fmns will only be possible after leading fmn has crossed river at GRAVE.  Offrs and sets will be with regts as for Op LINNET.  These sets will be open on CRA's comd net but will switch to FOO control net when given code word HOTRICE by CRA 1 A/B Div.  CRA will detail FOO controls on ground.

                (ii) See para 1(ii).

        3.  A Tk.

                1st Lift:- 1 A Tk Bty less one 17 pr tp under comd 1 Para Bde.  One 17 pr tp (1 A Tk Bty) for protection Lt Regt area under comd CRA.

                2nd Lift:- 1 A Tk Bty less one 17 pr tp reverts comd CRA but remains in sp 1 Para Bde.  2 A Tk Bty less one 17 pr tp in sp 4 Para Bde.  Two 17 pr tps (one from each A Tk Bty) plus Z Tp in Div reserve under comd CRA.

        4.  LZ and DZs.  See Trace C with attached legend.

                1st Lift Gliders - LZ Z

                2nd Lift Gliders - LZ X

        5.  Timings on LZs and DZs.  Will be issued separately.

        6.  Glider Pilots.  Glider Pilots will remain with units until main posn has been occupied and local protection is unnecessary, when they will all be collected under Div arrangements.

        7.  Recognition.  Yellow flares and celanese triangles.

 

ADM

        8.  Jettison Drop.  Nil.

        9.  SUP.  Area 720797.

 

INTERCOMN.

        10.  Location.

                Div HQ )

                HQ RA ) ARTILLERIE PARK 736788.

        11.  Wireless Diagram.  See Appx 'A'.

        12.  Netting.  Instructions later.

        13.  Codes.  Normal.

 

[Signed P.T. Tower]

Major, B.M.R.A.

Time of Signature   121420 hrs.

Method of dispatch   Hand.

 

 

Appx D

RA GDS ARMD DIV OP ORDER dated 16 SEP 44

OPERATION "GARDEN"

 

INFM.

        1.  General.  The object of Second Army (with Airborne Forces under comd) is to posn itself astride rivers MAAS, WAAL and NEDERRIJN in the gen area GRAVE 6253 - NIJMEGEN 7062 - ARNHEM and to dominate the country to the NORTH as far as the ZUYDER ZEE, thereby cutting off comns between GERMANY and the LOW COUNTRIES.  The codename for ops of ground tps is "GARDEN."  The codename for ops of airborne tps is "MARKET".

        2.  Enemy.  As per latest Int Summaries.

        3.  Time.  ZONE 'A' time comes into force 0300 hrs 17 Sep 44.  All times in this OO are ZONE 'A' unless otherwise stated (1200 hrs GMT = 1300 A hrs - 1400 B hrs).

        4.  Outline Plan.

                (a) XIX US Corps.  XIX US Corps is continuing with present ops directed on COLOGNE via AIX-LA-CHAPELLE.

                (b) 8 Corps.

                        (i) From 1200 B hrs 16 Sep, 8 Corps will consist of 11 Armd Div (less 15/19 H) and 3 Br Inf Div.  From this time the bdy between 8 Corps and 30 Corps will be as follows - All incl 8 Corps - rd and rly crossing 367837 - thence line of rly to rd and rly crossing 420011 - rd junc 432029 - cross-rds 480080 - cross rds 499117 - rd junc 524183 - rd junc 417261.  NB. 30 Corps to have running rights over rd LEENDE 4808 - x-rds 499117.

                        (ii) 8 Corps tasks are - To protect the right flank and rear of 30 Corps.  When 30 Corps advances, progressively to relieve 30 Corps of responsibility for right flank protection.  This is being accomplished first by capturing WEERT 5897 and SOERENDONK 4902 and subsequently extending as far NORTH as HELMOND 5522.

                (c) 12 Corps.

                        (i) 12 Corps consisting 7 Armd Div, 4 Armd Bde, 15 (S) Div, 53 (W) Div is continuing to operate on the left flank of 30 Corps.

                        (ii) The bdy between 30 Corps and 12 Corps is as follows - (subject to agreement with 12 Corps and confirmation by HQ Second Army) - All incl 12 Corps - Xrds 094727 - rd junc 112795 - MEERHOUT 1484 - MOLL 1790 - WESTERHOVEN 3706 - MEERVELDHOVEN 3815 - rd junc 409229 - OLLAND 3834 - NISTELRODE 5047.

                        (iii) The tasks of 12 Corps are - Progressively to relieve 30 Corps of responsibility for left flank protection by capturing initially RETHY 1599, ARENDONCK 1505 and TURNHOUT 0606.  Subsequently 12 Corps is to adv to R MAAS and possibly beyond.

                (d) Airborne Troops.

                        (i) 1 Br Airborne Div (with POLISH Para Bde) and 82 US Airborne Div are operating under British Airborne Corps.  Their tasks are respectively - To capture intact brs over NEDERRIJN and dominate the surrounding country.  To capture intact the brs over R MAAS and R WAAL in areas GRAVE and NIJMEGEN and to dominate the intervening country.

                        (ii) 101 US Airborne Div is being dropped under arrangements of British Airborne Corps in the area from excl GRAVE to incl EINDHOVEN in accordance with requirements of 30 Corps.  The task of 101 US Airborne Div, which comes under comd 30 Corps on landing, is to facilitate the adv of 30 Corps as far as R MAAS.

        5.  Own Tps.

                (a) Gds Armd Div is adv at maximum speed to area ARNHEM by-passing APELDOORN and positioning itself so as to dominate the area NUNSPEET - APELDOORN.

                (b) Grouping and Order of March as in Appx 'A' att.  30 Corps is adv 1 Div up, in the following order - Gds Armd Div, 43 Inf Div, 50 (N) Div.

                (c) C.Ls.  Start Lines and R.Ls already issued.

                (d) Timings.

                        (a) (D) day is the day on which ops "MARKET" and "GARDEN" begin.

                        (b) 'H' hr is the time at which tps taking part in op "MARKET" first drop.  'H' hr has been fixed provisionally for 1300 A hrs 17 Sep.  This will be confirmed.  Postponements will be for periods of 24 hrs.

                        (c) 'Z' hr is the time at which leading tps of the Div taking part in op "GARDEN" will adv.  'Z' hr is likely to be the same as 'H' hr and will in any case not be earlier.  The exact time of 'Z' hr will be notified later.

                (e) Ground to Air Recognition.

                        (i) The maximum employment of all aids to recognition will be necessary during this op.  During the rapid adv cerise fluorescent panels will be displayed wherever available.  Their use may be suspended at the discretion of comds as and when the tactical sit demands it.

                        (ii) Bdes will make the best possible use of MANN BEACON lamps.

                        (iii) Yellow smoke generators will be held immediately available.

                (f) Airfds.  The airfds at EINDHOVEN 4218 and VOLKEL 5640 are urgently required by RAF.  Tps from whichever Bde reach those airfds first will pass a report on their condition with the highest priority.  Arrangements for taking over will then be made with all speed.

        6.  Additional Tps Under Comd.  84 Med Regt RA.  198 SP A Tk Bty (already under comd 2 HCR).  Svy Det, 4 Svy Regt RA.  B Flt 662 AOP Sqn.  Under Comd for Movement.  Recce elements 100 AA Bde.

 

INTENTION

        RA Gds Armd Div will sp adv of Gds Armd Div.

 

METHOD

        1.  Moves and Control.

                55 & 153 Fd.  Remain in action ready to sp 231 Bde.  At 0900 hrs 17 Sep they will pull out of action and conc in present areas reporting when ready to HQ RA.

                84 Med.  (a) One Sec per Bty will come out of action at 0900 hrs 17 Sep and report to 55 and 153 Fd Regts respectively and will move with leading Btys of 55 and 153 Fd Regts.  (b) 84 Med less two secs will take part in fire plan, details of which have already been issued.  (c) Empty guns at Z+60 mins come out of action and conc in own area reporting when ready to HQ RA.

                43 Div Arty will be deployed by first light 17 Sep.

                50 Div Arty will be deployed by first light 17 Sep.

                90 Fd remain in direct sp 231 Inf Bde, calling for fire direct to HQ RA Gds Armd Div.

                86 Fd remain in action present area supporting 5 Gds Armd Bde to limit of their range.

                61 Med Regt is deployed area 3694 and will be firing in sp of the attack.

                HUNT GP (a) Remain in action present area supporting Gds Armd Div to limit of their range.  (b) 211 Bty 64 Med and 419 Hy Bty come into action night 16/17 Sep area 3496.

        2.  O.Ps. and Reps.

                5 Bde. with OC 153 Fd.  84 Med Regt - 1 Double OP.  86 Fd Regt - 1 OP.  153 Fd Regt - 1 Rep on HUNT GP Comd Net.  Irish Gp.  129 Bty.  One double OP 439 Bty.  Gren Gp.  Double OP, 130 Bty.

                32 Bde. with OC 55 Fd.  84 Med Regt - 1 double OP.  55 Fd Regt - 1 Rep on HUNT GP Comd Net.  Welsh Gp.  One double OP 374 Bty.  Coldm Gp.  One double OP 373 Bty.  One double OP 131 Bty.

        3.  TASKS.  Issued separately.  NOTES.

                (a) 4.2 Mortar concs are being fired simultaneously with Fd Arty Barrage.

                (b) At conclusion of Fd Arty Barrage, Typhoons will attack the enemy in front of 5 Bde.

                (c) It may be necessary to fire Med Arty Rolling Barrage again.  If so, orders will be given by HQ RA as follows:- "Fire Med Arty Rolling barrage at..... hrs commencing at serial.....".  i.e. in RA Gds Armd Div Task Table for Op "GARDEN" para 2(c) Serial 1 = -10 to -9.  Serial 11 = 0 to 1.  Serial 20 = 9 to 10.  e.g. If Barrage ordered at 1530 hrs commencing at Serial 10, Regts will fire as follows - from "-1 to 0" 84 Med, line jj.  7 Med, line kk.  64 Med, line ll and will continue serial 11, 12 etc up to 20.  In this case -1 = 1530 hrs.  0 = 1531.  1 = 1532 etc.

        4.  A Tk.  Allotment -

                5 Bde.  Q Bty.  2nd Minden Bty.

                32 Bde.  21 A Tk less two btys.

        5.  AA.  Allotment - Normal.  No firing by day unless directly attacked.

        6.  Local Protection and March Discipline.

                (a) Halts.  Vehs pulled onto side of rd and sentries out.

                (b) Night.  Pull off rd if possible, otherwise vehs will be grouped into 10s, each group with its own guard.

        7.  Svy.  Normal.

 

ADM.  Already issued verbally.

 

INTERCOMN.

        1.  Locns of HQs.  RA Gds Armd Div will move at 1000 hrs 17 Sep to area factory 3695, thereafter will move by the left CL.

        2.  CRA, Gds Armd Div Comd Net and all Outstas will open up at 2000 B 16 Sep on Frequency 3564 K/cs.

        3.  Line will be laid from HQ RA Gds Armd Div in new locn to HQ HUNT GROUP, 43 Inf Div, 50 (N) Div and 84 Med.

        4.  Liaison.

                (a) Airborne.  OC F.O.U. will be at HQ RA.  He will have reps at 55 Fd, 153 Fd and 84 Med on his own net.  There will also be LOs from American Airborne at HQ RA, 55 Fd and 153 Fd Regts & 84 Med Regt to act as Arty interpreters.

                (b) L.Os from Hunt Gp, 11 Armd Div, 43 Inf Div, 50 (N) Div, 165 HAA Regt, will be at HQ RA Gds Armd Div from 0930 A hrs 17 Sep until such time as sp from their fmns can no longer be given.  These LOs will bring with them one DR.

 

ACK.

[Signed] Major R.A.

B.M.R.A., Gds Armd Div.

Time of Signature   2330B 17 Sep.

Method of Despatch   LO and DRLS.

 

APPX "A"

GROUPING AND ORDER OF MARCH

 

        1.     (a) SP Joes Bridge, 3596.

                (b) Speed, best possible.

                (c) Density, 60 vtm.

                (d) Halts - when considered essential by Bde Comds, who will infm HQ(G), Gds Armd Div.

                (e) Lights - full at discretion of Comds.

        2.     (a) Div will move on one CL as far as VALKENSWAARD 4108, subsequently on two CLs until GRAVE 6213 when Div will again move on one CL.

                (b) Order of March and Grouping for Right and Left CLs and Order of March on one CL are att, Annexure 1.  Order of March on one CL is liable to alteration as sit demands.

        3.  As the preliminary adv is dependent on Ops to be carried out by 5 Gds Armd Bde it is impossible to give timings across S.P.  As a result of this and with the exception of the 5 Gds Armd Bde Gp no unit will leave its present harbour area unless ordered to do so.  All regts will send an LO with wireless set to the unit preceding it in order of march in order to -

                (a) give warning of move of preceding serial (should several units be ordered to follow each other).

                (b) ensure that rd to SP is not blocked.

        4.  APM is arranging TCPs at X-rds 3493, X-rds 3595 and when sit warrants at X-rds 415083.

 

ORDER OF MARCH ON ONE CL.

Serial No.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.
12.

13.

14.

15.

 

16.

Fmn/Unit

5 Gds Armd Bde complete.

One Sqn 2 HCR.

2 HCR (less 4 Sqns).

Div HQ.

AP.

84 Med Regt.

94 LAA Regt (less dets).

Recce Party 100 AA Bde.

One Sqn 2 HCR.

32 Gds Bde Gp complete.

Elts of 100 AA Bde.

148 Fd Pk Sqn

11 Fd Coy (incl 73 Br Vehs).

Air OP (in Portees)

One Sqn 2 HCR with under comd for movement and

    protection A Echs of 5 Bde, 32 Bde, 2 HCR and RA.

One Sqn 2 HCR with under comd for movement and

    protection RASC vehs.

No of Vehs.

888

40

40

158

20

170

40

 

40

876

81

50

113

16

282

 

440

 

LEFT CL

Fmn/Unit

One Sqn 2 HCR.

5 Gds Armd Bde Gp (less 1 Armd Coldm Gds)

    with under comd

        3 IG

        153 Fd Regt plus one sec 84 Med Regt RA

        Q and 2nd Minden Btys 21 A Tk Regt RA

        10 Lt Fd Amb

    with in sp

        14 Fd Sqn incl Br lorries

2 HCR (less 4 Sqns).

Div HQ.

AP.

84 Med Regt RA (less two secs)

94 LAA Regt RA (less dets).

Recce party 100 AA Bde.

Elts 100 AA Bde.

148 Fd Pk Sqn

11 Fd Coy (incl 72 Br Lorries).

Air OP (in portees)

One Sqn 2 HCR with under comd for movement and

    protection 'A' vehs 5 Bde, 32 Bde, 2 HCR and RA.

One Sqn 2 HCR with under comd for movement and

    protection RASC vehs.

No of Vehs.

40

461

 

125

130

68

40

 

64

40

158

20

170

40

-

81

50

113

16

282

 

440

 

RIGHT CL

Fmn/Unit

One Sqn 2 HCR.

32 Bde Gp (less 3 IG)

    with under comd

        1 Armd Coldm Gds

        2 Armd Recce WG

        55 Fd Regt RA plus one sec 82 Med Regt RA

        21 A Tk Regt RA less two btys.

        128 Fd Amb

    with in sp

        615 Fd Sqn RE (incl 14 Br Lorries)

No of Vehs.

40

344

 

127

127

116

60

38

 

64

 

ADDENDUM TO RA GDS ARMD DIV OP "GARDEN"

 

        1.  RECOGNITION AND PASSWORDS BETWEEN AIRBORNE FORCES AND GROUND TPS.  All addressees will ensure that their tps likely to come in contact with Airborne Tps are aware of posns where they are likely to encounter them - US or British will be specified.  They will also ensure that they know the following points with regard to recognition signals, dress and passwords -

                (a) Recognition Signals.  Yellow (Orange) smoke will be used to indicate posns of own tps to friendly aircraft.  Yellow celanese triangles and flags will be used for ground to ground recognition.  If available cerese fluorescent panels will be used to distinguish vehs to the air.

                (b) Dress.  US Airborne Troops may be wearing a new type of dark green uniform with a small American flag on the right sleeve.  Br Airborne Tps will be wearing their standard airborne uniform.

                (c) Passwords.

 

H hr till 2359 D day.

2359 hrs D day till 2359 hrs D+1

2359 hrs D+1 till 2359 hrs D+2.

2359 hrs D+2 till 2359 hrs D+3.

2359 hrs D+3 till 2359 hrs D+4.

2359 hrs D+4 till 2359 hrs D+5.

Challenge.

RED
UNCLE
CARRIER

AIR
ROBERT
TROOP

Reply.

BERET

SAM
PIGEON
BORNE

BURNS
CARRIER

        2.  GROUND/AIR RECOGNITION.

                (i) Between H minus 15 mins and H hr yellow smoke will be burned when friendly aircraft are seen.  NOT more than 50% of stocks held will be burned.  The other recognition aids will be used in accordance with previous instrs.

                (ii) The very limited air effort which the enemy may make is likely to be directed against the airborne forces and it is most improbable that our own tps will be attacked by enemy aircraft during the period of the drop.  Therefore for the period H minus 1 hr to H plus 2 hrs SA fire will NOT repeat NOT be opened on any aircraft whatsoever.

                (iii) Retaliatory fire against friendly aircraft who are attacking own tps will only have one effect - to confirm the pilot's belief that he is attacking Germans.

 

[Signed] Major R.A.

B.M.R.A., Gds Armd Div.

B.L.A.