The Victoria Cross was instituted in 1856, during the Crimean War, by Queen Victoria at the request of her husband, Prince Albert. It was, and still is, the highest decoration for valour in the British armed forces, and consequently it is only awarded for acts of the most extreme bravery in the face of the enemy. The medal, featuring a lion on a crown and the inscription "For Valour", is cast in bronze (the first medals were made from two bronze guns captured from the Russians in the Crimea), and on the reverse side is written the name, rank, and regiment of the recipient, together with the date of the act on which it was won. During the 150 year history of the Victoria Cross, in many large and bloody battles in all corners of the world, only 1,348 have been issued. Five of these were awarded to British servicemen at Arnhem, only one of whom survived the battle.

 

DOW = Died of Wounds

KIA = Killed in Action

 

1st Airborne Division

 

Name

Unit

Remarks

L/Sgt John Baskeyfield

2nd South Staffords

KIA 20/09/44

Maj Robert Cain

2nd South Staffords

Wounded, Evacuated

Lt Jack Grayburn

2nd Battalion

KIA 20/09/44

Capt Lionel Queripel

10th Battalion

DOW

 

Royal Air Force

 

Name

Unit

Remarks

F/Lt David Lord DFC

271 Squadron

KIA 19/09/44